Origin and development of guidance and counseling in Tanzania schools

1.0. Overview

1.1. Background and History of School Counseling and the History of Primary School in School Practice and Other Environments

The history of school counseling began officially at the turn of the twentieth century, though the follow-up to the foundations of counseling and guidance was based on the philosophical teachings of ancient Greece and Rome, Plato and Aristotle. There are also some evidence that, in the Middle Ages, Catholic priests practiced the techniques and skills of modern counselors, as demonstrated by the commitment of the concept of confidential religion. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, Tomas Garzoni, Guez, W. & Allen, J. (2000) published Tomas Garzoni's Universal Map of Universities of the World (1626) as one of the first texts on career prospects. However, formal management programs using specialized textbooks started only at the turn of the twentieth century

. Counseling is a term that has long existed in Tanzania. We have recently tried to understand ourselves, advise and develop our potential, recognize the opportunities, and generally help ourselves in the way that formal counseling practices are used. In most communities, there was deeply embedded belief, and it is still within the context that people can help others with their problems in the right circumstances. Some people are helping others find solutions, solving or retrieving problems as Nwoye wrote (2009). At present, in schools, where cooperation between teachers and students is good, students learn in practice. Young people enhance their degree of freedom in their lives as they can and exploit opportunities. At best, help should enable people to lay down chains and effectively handle life situations. Unprecedented economic and social changes have changed our lives over the years. Consequently, all the lessons of the past can not effectively handle the challenges of modern times. Effective counseling, especially in the institutions of learning, has now become more important. Boys and girls, as well as young men and women, must be guided in the relationship between health and the environment, seeking skills, knowledge and attitudes that lead to the success and failure of life. The need for counseling has been of paramount importance in promoting the child's well-being. Effective guidance and counseling can help to improve the self-image of young people and to achieve progress in life. Counseling should authorize girls and boys to fully participate in and benefit from the economic and social development of the nation.

2.0. Definition of Terms

2.1. Guide

Guide is an action that shows the way for certain people, such as adolescents who do not find the right path. It controls, directs, guides and accompanies. The Guide says "Yes" to someone who asks for help. She says "Yes" to invite a man who wants a temporary partner for life.

Guidance gives guidance to the lonely, confused, moody, the suffering, the sick, and the lost. He points to thinking, feeling and acting. He led psychologically, emotionally and even spiritually to new ways of meaningful life. This is with fear and insecurity, with those who need someone along the rough road of life.

From an objective point of view, guidance is part of the counseling profession. It is called the directive advice. High schools and even college students need help if they do not know what decisions they can or in what direction. The counselor "opens" the electoral world for these people to choose. It's like showing the universe when everything a person sees the lonely planet Earth. The guidance counselor extends and widens the horizons of people who only see a narrow path or a hidden view on this path. Thus, the focus is on opportunities and choices.

Usually, instruction is done in schools. High school and college students require guidance and counseling in their school. More often than not, young people are not aware of what to do, how to react or respond, and how to act in certain decisions. When that happens, they need them older, wiser and more experienced to show them the way and guide them. It is the responsibility of this counseling adviser to extend assistance if needed to those who are confused, uncertain and need advice. However, some adults may need guidance.

2.2. Counseling:

Consultancy in Leadership and so on. This is a way of curing pain. It is both science and art. Science because it provides advice, counseling or assistance, the counselor must know the principles and techniques of counseling. The counselor should be able to use any of these principles and techniques as paradigms in order to provide advice. However, it is not enough to use these principles and techniques. Another important aspect is that the counselor can advise – the art of counseling. This aspect of counseling is a relationship, a sharing of life, in the hope that the injured person will heal. As a relationship, counseling involves physical, emotional, psychic or spiritual dimensions. The counselor should be able to have a good relationship with the counselor without being too intimate or too close to comfort or being too far away or far away. The emotional dimension of counseling includes empathy, sensitivity, and non-verbal signaling of counselors to understand uncompleted complexes or suppressed feelings. The psychic or spiritual dimension includes the counselor's "spiritual content" – within it. It is the interior of so-called personality. The counselor should receive the gift or pardon to see the inner world of the person, especially his state of mind, as this is very important in healing the pains of the patient. Other Definitions of Concepts

Biswalo (1996) defines guidance as a term used to signal a process of self-understanding and self-determination (self-determination) to maximize adaptation to your home, school, or community environment. However, this process depends on the advice. It also determines counseling as a process that helps an individual to accept and use information and advice to solve or cope with his current problem. He continues to note that sometimes the process helps the individual to accept an unacceptable situation, such as losing their loved ones and to somehow change the benefit rather than overcoming the situation. Guez and Allen (2000) noted that a single definition of counseling is difficult to consider. This is because the definitions of counseling depend on theoretical orientation. Counseling is a learning-oriented process that is usually an interactive relationship with a view to helping a person know more about me and using understanding that enables one to become an effective member of society. Counseling is a process by which a helper cares for the cares and concerns of a caregiver and facilitates the person's personal development and promotes change through self-knowledge. Counseling is the relationship between the person concerned and the person required. This relationship is usually a person-person, though sometimes more than two people may be affected. Designed to help people understand and clarify their views and learn how to reach their goals by meaningful, well-informed decisions and solving emotional or interpersonal problems. From these definitions, it can be seen that counseling can have different meanings.

3.0. The Origins of Guidance and Counseling Practice in the Pre-Colonial era

Tanzania's counseling has existed in the various forms and with different interpretations in society before the colonial era. Today's differences and contradictions come from the social and historical forces that have shaped a modern culture. In Tanzania, in all societies of people and at all times experiencing emotional or psychological anxiety and behavioral problems. Each culture was well-grounded in methods and methods to help people's problems. However, there is not enough written source about the origins of guidance and counseling in Tanzania schools. But as in other places before the colonial era, there were outstanding unique elements that could have lived together in the societies. Elements include an extensive family system, including clan and tribe, chief, taboos, various forms of initiation, and close contact with the ancestors and the elder.

The village is at the heart of society. While all these elements are important, only a few are used to illustrate the role of guidance and counseling in today's Tanzanian societies. Basically, traditional bosses had more roles, which included the authorities' authority and regulatory role. As these roles were accepted and respected by everyone, they showed a clear direction in the daily affairs of society. The elders, the boss, also provided valuable guidance and counseling for boys and girls. In most cases, the bosses maintained a vital relationship between the ancestors and the present generation. This relationship was confirmed by ritual rituals and taboos. It is easy to guide and advise young people, as rituals or ceremonies are also prepared to prepare for adult roles in society. The extended family, the clan and the village supported the society. No one liked the stranger. The counseling was easily attempted and ensured. Forms of counseling and counseling were given advice and shared wisdom

4.0. Practice of Guidance and Counseling in Tanzania Schools

4.1. Counseling and Counseling Practices in the Schools of Tanzania

In recognition of this, perhaps because we are thinking about concepts of schooling, we need to think about the importance of counseling in education. It is conceivable that the definitions and reports in the above guidance and counseling are directed to the educational area and are now correctly reported. Guez and Allen (2000) have pointed out that Truman Kelley founded the concept of educational counseling in Makinde (1988) in 1914, providing education services for students providing services that need assistance in important aspects of their education such as courses and study selection , choices of interest and abilities, and the choice of colleges and high schools. Educational counseling enhances the learner's knowledge of educational opportunities.

The increasingly complex composition of society in Tanzania, with social problems, such as HIV / AIDS and the rapid development of science and technology, poses serious demands on education. The school, as an important social institution, was obliged to adapt quickly to changing patterns and prepare citizens for tomorrow's challenges. This is where instruction and counseling in the education system helps boys and girls alike to develop their full capacity. These include intellectual, social, physical and moral abilities. This assistance is most important in Tanzania as long as the history and age of educational offerings and today's systems are present.

In Tanzania schools, the guidance and counseling practices come from the time of vocational training in the colonial period. In Tanzania, the process of creating consultancy services first had to understand the basic factors that affect people's beliefs and comments about such practices. However, he believed that he was not taken into account at that time and could take longer. It is especially important to understand economic, socio-political, religious beliefs, customs and traditions and cultural changes in the various regions of the country. Young people must be understood in this context, but also in the paradoxical situation of the traditional and modern world, but this is a big challenge in Tanzania and in many developing African countries. During the colonial period, there was some professional guidance under the Career Advice handled by career coaches. But the career masters chosen by the school principal did not have professional training in professional counseling. In fact, the obligation was limited to helping students by completing employment forms and typing applications. In missionary schools, professional counseling was confined to religious services. Teachers who are usually fathers, pastors, or have respected and directed the spiritually bent young people to be brothers, brothers, fathers and shepherds at the end of formal education.

Tanzania's schools and counseling were more or less private family affairs. Parents and relatives gave advice to their children in all areas of life management and problem solving. It is true that in many families the general duty of management was the traditional duty of family leaders, father, mother, uncle, aunts and grandparents. In the case of serious personal or family problems, counseling was specially organized by the community rather than in dealing with the problem. This is done without the knowledge of a formal or informal school system, but through experience and age based on collected wisdom. This kind of early counseling from school setting and community has helped young people live in society in the future.

4.2. Learning and Counseling Practices in Tanzania Schools in the Postcolonial Age

In many literatures and sources in Tanzania and some other African countries, counseling and counseling in the education sector is considered to be the youngest discipline. This was done on April 22-26, 2002. A first Africa Youth Advisory and Youth Development Conference held in Kenya, which showed that the Orientation, Advisory and Youth Development Program was held in April 1994 in Africa The First African African Conference on Girls' Education held in 1993 in Ouagadougou. It is designed to introduce or strengthen guidance and advice in African countries. It focuses on capacity building in the countries concerned and organizes trainings on both the regional and national levels for the management and advice of schools and dormitories.

In Tanzania schools we can call vocational guidance and counseling in 1984, the National Arusha Conference held in October 1984, where the government supported guidance and counseling that was an integral part of the country's education system (Biswalo, 1996). The purpose of the conference is to establish systematic criteria for guidance and counseling for high school students. The students were then advised, directed and advised on the selection of the job and the students for further training. This task was given to the career masters and lovers described below, but there was not enough counseling and advisory staff, not only in the responsible department but also in the schools.

Guidance and counseling has slowly become institutionalized and expanding with educational institutions. For example, schools need to take over the task of psychological support for boys and girls. However, Biswalo (1996) notes that in Tanzania policies for guidance and counseling are still missing. However, the Ministry of Education has somehow tried to name the services within the education system with career masters and lovers. He also said that the task of staff is to provide advice to secondary school leaders in order to select students for their jobs and to prepare for admission to further training; to help students understand and develop suitable jobs, training or training; to appreciate students' talents and abilities, and encourage them to help their careers or training in the most appropriate way and to help learners solve their personal problems that can affect their primary school development.

This is an impossible and realistic burden for unskilled personnel. This reflects the apathy of politicians and decision-makers in the new school management and counseling field; the strength of the myth of the intended workforce, in which career guidance is misunderstood as redundant and the lack of qualified staff who provide effective management and counseling services in schools. It is regrettable that, even after the October Arusha Conference on Confirmation of Tanzanian Tanks, where Government support and governmental services were an integral part of the country's education system, the services are still stained and ineffective in Tanzania's educational institutions. Such guidance and counseling is discussed at various primary, secondary and tertiary level by various scientists.

5.0. Guidance and Counseling Practices in Primary and Secondary Schools

In Tanzania, primary school levels were actually and there are no teacher-advisors for specific students. However, teachers themselves have to decide what action to do, as there are no programmed or timed activities for guidance and counseling. Teachers need to use some of the teaching to practice guidance and counseling in and outside the classroom, although not all teachers have gone through a teacher-counselor training. As children go to school, they need to find out about the school, the environment, the school community and the curriculum to encourage and develop the positive attitude of learning and school communities (Biswalo, 1996). As students are older and pass through different degrees, they should focus on studying skills, tackling learning difficulties and other school problems. But this activity does not happen systematically in elementary schools in Tanzania

There is not enough programmed or time-based management and counseling system for high schools yet. In some cases, this task is disciplined by the masters, sometimes by department heads and school leaders. At high school level, students want to look for educational opportunities, all kinds of information, and any other help for educational purposes. These needs are provided by educational counseling and counseling (ibid). At this level, students are assisted by subject choice, study techniques and tests and examinations. Biswalo (1996) has pointed out that sometimes in the material selection of prestigious rivers, such as in science, as many students as possible are proud of the students' actual abilities, interests and attitudes. He said that this unfortunate situation was born in secondary schools because of the lack of genuine education counseling and counseling services.

The school plays an important role in preparing students for continuing secondary education, paid employment, self-employment and life in the community, as clearly defined by the Ministry of Education in the objectives of the high school curriculum. In a unique way, pupils, teachers and parents can fully agree, as some schools focus on preparing for further education, particularly with regard to academic knowledge and the pursuit of success in national trials. That is, high schools where counseling is inadequate place little emphasis on creating a responsible attitude towards citizenship and local, regional or national community life and employment opportunities. However, the informal sector, which includes self-employment, needs to be emphasized in the formal sector, with implicit emphasis on white-collar workplaces.

5.1. Professional, Career Counseling and Counseling

In Tanzania, teachers are able to directly influence students' career prospects. The results and attitudes of students were related to the characteristics and results of their teacher (World Bank, 1995, Nyutu, P.N., and Norman C.G., 2008). However, the impact of the school depends on what formal interaction and communication is between students' students and students, while television and radio work through informal interactions between students. The influence of parents and siblings is both formal and informal

In most cases, it can be in Tanzania and other states where management and counseling rarely occur in schools; parents play a major role in influencing their children's career. Those with a lower qualification, eg. Teachers, officials, drivers, personal secretaries, soldiers, etc. They do not expect their children to follow up because the children with higher levels of learning sometimes seemed to be narrow and incomplete with interest. However, it is suggested that the parents' occupation may influence their children's choice of career, but it is with children who have a general skill in such workplaces and some have job skills that are relevant to workplaces. Access to information through media and other forms of technology is the aspirations of young people who can not largely be content in their own environment. It must be chosen and young people need to acquire the skills to assess situations and make informed choices. Young people in Tanzania do not have a natural, comprehensible order from birth to adulthood.

Provides secondary vocational guidance, but very few because of the lack of school or vocational counselors. With this type of counselor, students are helping fortunate schools, but vocational training is not emphasized because most students, teachers, and of course parents, force students to have long-term learning plans to prepare for the planned career. These counselors are designed with school leaders and teachers to provide students with special skills or disabilities with appropriate placement.

5.2. Higher Level

Higher degree students have orientation and other education counseling and counseling. In Tanzania, higher education institutions at least satisfied the needs of both qualified psychologists and university scholars for qualified students, although their number was low. Here, consultants play a major role in gathering comprehensive information about all aspects of a training career in the institution. Advisers sometimes integrate into the administrative or practical class to organize students' practice and are even more rarely associated with appropriate employment agencies (Biswalo, 1996).

6.0. The concept of guidance and counseling in Tanzania

According to Sima's (2004) research, vocational counseling is still unknown in Tanzania and in several African countries as a separate occupation. However, the emergence and adjustment of HIV / AIDS in the country has strengthened the basis of counseling. This is especially so because of the multifaceted nature of the HIV / AIDS pandemic, attention, unlike other human diseases, goes beyond the prerogative of the medical profession. Thus, counseling is a key way of preventing HIV infection, providing adequate and relevant information and social and psychological support for people who are infected and affected by the pandemic. Ibid continued to say that a number of non-governmental organizations have been providing counseling services since the pandemic has emerged, but there is no clarity about the type and nature of the advisory services. The nature and characteristics of consulting clients are also fuzzy.

In Tanzania, the aforementioned professional counseling is a relatively new phenomenon. Sima (2004) cited Outwater (1995) notes that before the HIV / AIDS epidemic there was no formal counseling service in Tanzanian hospitals, professional counselors and formal counseling systems. It was necessary to fill this gap without providing as many counselors as possible to provide optimal care for AIDS patients and relatives (NACP, 1989, quoted in ibid). Since then, numerous para-professional consultants have been trained in basic skills and counseling skills. At present, there are many counseling centers not only for HIV / AIDS issues, but also for Tanzanian problems. However, since counseling has become popular with the emergence of HIV / AIDS, many people assume that they are only infected by HIV / AIDS and patients and are afraid of being labeled (Sima, 2002, cited by Sima 2004).

7.0. Problems and Challenges

The Tanzanian Government has not yet defined guidance and advice on educational policy issues, despite the fact that schools are crucial and necessary. Biswalo (1996) pointed out that in Tanzania policies for guidance and counseling are still lacking. He continued that efforts to meet the needs of guidance and counseling are obviously hampered by a number of difficulties, including financial resources, to promote well-established small counseling activities for more than one school. In Tanzania, counseling is a relatively new phenomenon so far. There is not enough qualified counselor in schools and other educational institutions. At the same time, there are a limited number of qualified counselors, or are not used well in schools, or are doing other activities rather than what they have been trained. Some of the school counselors are teachers and are fully engaged in teaching tasks. Surprising advice is a key way of preventing HIV infection in providing relevant and relevant information and social and psychological support for HIV / AIDS infected and affected people (Sima, 2004). Slow growth in education systems due to lack of funds, training opportunities and large turnover of consultants for green pastures and suitably qualified advisers. For example, many schools lack counseling offices, trained teacher counselors and counseling tools. A források tekintetében számos lehetőség van a pénzügyi korlátok enyhítésére. Különleges iskolák a rászoruló szülők nevében megközelíthetik a nem kormányzati szervezeteket.

A Tanzániában működő szilárd szakmai tanácsadói szövetség hiánya a megfelelő gyakorlatra vonatkozó előírások meghatározása egy másik kihívás (Nwoye, 2008). A tanzániai főiskolák és egyetemek szakmai tanácsadói képzési programjainak elégtelensége is egy újabb kihívást jelent.

Nincsen erőfeszítés a tanácsadói tanterv kidolgozására a középiskolákban és főiskolákban, valamint az egyetemeken a tanácsadási és tanácsadási tanfolyamokon. Az útmutatás tantervét és a válaszadó szolgáltatásokat úgy lehet strukturálni, hogy foglalkozzon az öt tartalmi területen, nevezetesen az emberi kapcsolatokkal, a karrierfejlesztéssel, a társadalmi értékekkel, az önfejlesztéssel és a tanulási készségekkel. Iránymutató tananyagot lehet tanítani a különböző szintű hallgatóknak vagy kis csoportokba, hogy foglalkozzanak velük hasonló kérdésekkel. Ahhoz, hogy útmutatásokat és tanácsadási programokat biztosítson Tanzániában, szakképzett szakembereket kell alkalmazni az iskolákban való menedzselésre és szolgáltatásnyújtásra. Az ilyen szakembereknek rendelkezniük kell a vonatkozó létesítményekkel és a strukturális támogatással. Ugyanakkor az egyetemek és a tanárképző intézményeknek olyan szakmai programokat kell kialakítaniuk és fejleszteniük, amelyek szakmai tanári tanácsadókat és más irányító személyzetet képeznek

Még mindig nem elegendő a felsőoktatási intézményekben való segítségnyújtás annak érdekében, hogy a diákok elérhessék karrierlehetőségeiket. A mai hallgatók azonban arra utalnak, hogy magasabb igény mutatkozik a pályaorientációra, mint a diákok az elmúlt évtizedben. Ezért a hallgatóknak nagyobb szükségük van arra, hogy megfelelő szakmai információkat szerezzenek, amelyek lehetővé teszik számukra, hogy jobb fizetett munkahelyeket keressenek. Sok iskola a múltban kinevezett néhány tanárt, mint karrier-mestert anélkül, hogy a szükséges pályaorientációs képzést és felszereléseket biztosítaná. Az ilyen karrier-mesterek általában azt feltételezik, hogy minden egyetemista egyetemistákon végződik, és csak arra koncentrál, hogy segítse a hallgatókat az egyetemi pályázati formák teljesítésében. Itt az ideje, hogy a kormány olyan politikát alakítson ki és hajtson végre, amely elősegíti az általános iskoláknak a felsőoktatásra való irányítását és tanácsadását, és olyan szakmai programokat fog kidolgozni, amelyek a szakmai tanári tanácsadókat és más irányító személyzetet képeznek

. Következtetés

Az útmutatás és tanácsadás célja, hogy felkészítse a tanulókat az iskolai programjukba, hogy a megfelelő munka világába lépjen, az iskolai tanterv és a foglalkoztatás összekapcsolásával. Ahhoz, hogy az iskola sikeres legyen ebben a törekvésben, a tantárgyakat kellemes és kényelmes környezetben kell tanítani, és a tanulók számára fontosnak és érdekesnek kell lenniük. Egy másik tényező, amelyet figyelembe kell venni, olyan kompetens tanárok felvétele, akik képesek arra, hogy irányítsák és tanácsot adjanak a tanulóknak a munkaerőpiacon tanítottakhoz. Amit tanítanak és hogyan tanítják, nagy hatással lehetnek a tanulók érdeklődésére és észlelésére. In Tanzania the spirit to plan and use guidance and counseling services in the effective development and utilization of their respective young human resources is evidently strong. However, as Biswalo (1996) said the efforts directed towards fulfilling this need are apparently thwarted by several difficulties. It appears total and enlightened commitment on the part of policy and decision makers is necessary and should be definitely surmount the problems.

The emergence of career development in western countries as a construct suggests that it may be an essential area in developing country like Tanzania where students need assistance; students particularly need assistance in selecting colleges and courses. To this end, the schools should offer a career guidance and counseling programme under the able leadership of qualified school counselors.

I thought I wanted to get away with my husband, but I'll miss it – Tips and advice that can help

I get many emails from women who have doubts or concerns about divorce. Many people thought they were okay or even wanted to divorce earlier, but now that her husband is not so close and reality has started to quit, there are doubts as well. Often there are people who say things like, "Do I have to tell her that she misses her or just admit it's too late?" or "Are these feelings normal, just because divorce is so definitive? Will they finally go?"

Well, I can not see the future, but I can tell you that whenever you have any doubts and whispering little whispering whispering to your mind, surely not hurting at least is open to the idea of ​​silence. Because the restlessness and the unpleasant feeling will only happen if you are completely satisfied and are in a peaceful position. Of course, divorce has huge, final, enormous consequences. You would not be normal if you did not feel uneasy. But her husband misses (and suspects you might want to go back) something else. I will discuss in more detail the following article.

The distance will actually be able to increase the vacuum: People often do not believe me when I tell them that time and distance actually make the connection better. Therefore, when people write and say that their spouse wants "a place," I usually tell them to give it. Because it allows your spouse to miss it. Quiet and calm thinking allows a more rational mindset. Anger and tension will calm down because there is no longer any interference, and loneliness allows both sides to objectively examine the situation (and any part that he has played in). So you know it's actually quite common to see the situation differently when you have had some time and distance. Just because he misses it does not mean that we will have problems: I am a huge supporter of marriage saving. Even more so when one party is beginning to experience the old feelings or begin to acknowledge the emptiness of being left without the other person. So, I fully believe that if you have those feelings you should keep it at least open to think a little bit about where you want to do it, not about closing the door.

But when I say this to women, they often tell me things like, "It's okay, I really miss her, but there are still huge problems in this marriage. Good intentions are one thing, but reality is another. It may be that the time and distance I'm constantly knocking on has helped you see things in a new light And I'll tell you a little secret, many times, people, who are trying to save the marriage before the car in front of the horse. Focusing at the core of emotions as a matter of trying the problem immediately: What I mean by "putting a basket in the horse" is that people often overwhelm their fingers, and commit themselves to working on "marriage." The problem is that by the time most people reach this point, they are disconnected already they are not deeply tied up and are more than a bit annoyed at each other. Solving problems is difficult, but when they do not feel deeply in touch, love and intimacy, they are trying to reach a moving target. It just does not seem fun enough.

Instead, I often tell people first to try to restore some positive feelings between you. Do not worry that you are trying to determine where you are going, whether you are reconciling or reunited. Do not put this pressure on you. Rather let him miss you, tell him if you decide and focus on spending time together to see what's happening. Do not worry what's coming. Just know that this person is a very important factor in your life and you want to see that maybe some time will bring light to the fact that things can change potentially.

You do not have to talk deeply about why it went wrong. In fact, I would avoid this. Just focus on light-hearted interactions that do not allow much pressure, but offer lots of fun. You're trying to see if there's a chance to baby's progress. Have a meeting on the other. This scenario should not take long to make it clear enough where you are. But at least you have the chance to know at the end of the day that you've done everything and you do not ignore the feelings that desperately try to get your attention.

Six Human Values

People need different things to live in this world. However, nothing in this world is available for free. Everything is a price, and one has to pay the right price to make them happy. However, we value things according to our needs and needs depend on the basis of our value system.

First, there are basic needs like food, water, air, shelter, and clothing without which body survival is not possible. However, as these needs are fulfilled, one commits himself to satisfying his higher needs than the need for social needs, security needs or self-fulfillment.

However, not every person follows the same path, the particular values ​​of the person. These inherent values ​​are obtained through the nature of man and his care. The impact of family, society, nation and individual makes it unique for all people as it creates a unique value system. These values ​​determine the person's priority and lifestyle. Values ​​value personality and individual, family, society, nation, and humanity.

1. Individual values ​​

The most common value of a person is individualist, which means that I appreciate yours over any other world. This is also the most natural value for everyone in the world. The animals live for themselves, without the excitement of other animals. The only exception would be the mother who cares for the child's animal until the child is sufficiently grown to support himself.

The modern world is increasingly moving towards individualistic values ​​where the interest of the individual is most "right" and everything else is to be protected. Individualist value supports freedom, as it believes that every person has the right to decide what is good for them.

Each child begins with unique values ​​and wants everything in the world for her and wants everyone to serve her. When the child's need is not satisfied, he cries and does everything he can to satisfy the need

. Family Values ​​

The human race can be the strongest species on earth, but it is also true that the human species is the weakest species. A human child does not learn to spend another year. If a man's only child can leave his life, he can not survive. Supporting the family is necessary for the growth of all human children. That is why the human race invented the concept of the family during the year, which lives as a unit and supports the newborn child until it is strengthened to support itself.

The concept of family has created a family where the family is viewed as the basic unit of society rather than the individual. The family has the right and power to direct the other member of the family. In a family system, family members share their work so that each member performs complementary functions rather than performing the same tasks. For example, the father acquires livelihoods and protects the family that is the strongest member of the family. The mother takes care of the family by cooking a meal, cleaning her house and children. The children involved receive these benefits free of charge from their parents, but they have a family duty to provide the same benefits to their children. Thus, the family ensures the continuity of the value and tradition of the family.

In the family system, the interests of all members of the family are protected by an unwritten law as love and trust govern the family's sole control. Parents do not earn any personal gain when they give something to their children. Children also recognize the parents' contribution to building their lives and not only provide the same benefits to their own children but also to their parents when they grow old.

Full family values ​​are maintained on the basis of tradition and trust.

However, when family values ​​are strong, it results in a reduction in individual freedom and a reduction in individual values. Everyone has to think of the family first and the second one. This often kills man's creativity, as he must never think independently. Professional Values ​​

Society is not only composed of families that are natural but also of origin that have been artificially created to meet the specific requirements of society. The government is one of the most important organizations that have been created to create order in society. The government is divided into other classes, such as police, revenue, defense, etc. What are needed to make the country united and protect against external aggression. There are a number of organizations organized by individuals or corporations that produce and serve products for the nation and the world's people.

Everyone has to join in to make a living and contribute to society. These organizations have been designed to serve the special function of society and therefore need a set of values ​​that are motivated and united to all members of the organization.

Thus, man's vocation creates a value system. The values ​​of the police officer differ from the values ​​of the judge or the politician. Each occupation has its own value system, which often contradicts the values ​​of the other profession. However, these values ​​are necessary to bring the professionals together and deliver their expectations. National Values ​​

The world is divided into many countries today, and each country is sovereign and independent. However, in recent years, countries have started to behave as family members, as independence gradually replaces interdependence in globalizing economies. If China is the world's manufacturing center, India has become the center of world outsourcing and outsourcing, from which it offers the various services to the world. The Arab world is an oil producer for the world and the United States has taken a leading role in creating knowledge and information technology for the world. Each country gradually becomes a specialist in a particular task and meets the requirements of other countries.

Thus, as individuals and families have to compete and complement each other to survive in society, each nation must compete and complement the rest of the world. In order to make the nation stronger, citizens have to cultivate certain types of values ​​that make the country not one million people or billions of individuals or families, but as a family.

As a result of independence, each country develops certain values ​​that are constantly evolving over time. The values ​​of the nation represent its popularity, history and experience since its creation. India and China are thousands of years old, while the values ​​of newly established nations such as the United States, Israel, Australia and Pakistan are fairly new.

National values ​​are often codified for the laws and for all citizens of justice. These laws have a wide diversity, as the requirements of each country differ. Breach of national values ​​treats criminal offenses punishable by the state. Thus, countries with strong national values ​​greatly enforce their laws, as the country's interest is kept in the interest of the individual. Moral Values ​​

While the legal values ​​of a country or society are documented and enforced, they are not sufficient for the smooth functioning of the state. The ideal state is where the state does not have to enforce laws, as citizens voluntarily follow the laws of the earth. However, this is rarely the case, because all state laws are made up of powerful people or those who influence influential people. These mighty people ensure that the laws are drafted rather than in favor of the masses and not for the masses. Thus, the implementation of laws in a time that creates extremely powerful and wealthy people while the majority population lives in the lives of misfortune and poverty.

However, the disparities and injustices created by the law are greatly reduced to the prevalence of moral values ​​within society, which do not need to be codified in the statutes. But moral values ​​are passed on from one generation to another. For example, the sanctity of the institution of marriage in India keeps the divorce rate at a minimum, despite the fact that in the statutes, as in any other Western country, divorce is ensured. Moral laws are implemented jointly by society. Just as every person wants to love and respect society, moral values ​​are often stronger than men to go along the right path as legitimate enforcement. Spiritual Values ​​

The values ​​adopted by men create exclusivity in humans, as these values ​​are different for every society and for every human being. Values ​​are thus a source of conflicts in the world, as all people or nations strongly believe in their values ​​right. However, these values ​​are not constant and transient, which varies over time and space. The values ​​of the current generation are not the same as the values ​​of the previous generation.

Yet there is something in every value that will never change. It has remained the same for many years of human evolution. These values ​​are eternal because they never change. Hence, these values ​​are often referred to as spiritual or divine values ​​as they will never die and their origin is unknown.

These Intellectual Values ​​

Intellectual values ​​are often attributed to God and are called divine calls. Spiritual values ​​include love, compassion, justice, truth, and so on. The nature of man is to accept these values ​​regardless of religion, race, culture or nationality. These values ​​are so universal that every person seems to have understood it without having learned it.

Spiritual values ​​unite people in this world. Because of these intellectual values, we want justice and we do not see injustice in this world. The feelings of love and compassion are interwoven with all obstacles to religion, race and nationality. Spiritual values ​​can not be eliminated from man and they are universal. The Conflict of Values ​​

No man can have only one value system and every human being has all the values. However, the determining value is different in every human being born in a particular family, culture, religion or nationality. Values ​​also vary with the person's age, varying from the same person to the individual to the family. When a person grows up and gains her life, she has to work in a certain profession where she develops her professional values. National values ​​are embedded in people because of the common values ​​of citizens. However, as men are older, they will become more spiritual and develop mental values. Thus, all six values ​​always prevail in all societies that move and unite society.

Foundation management qualifications

When you start your career in any business sector, whether it is a private, public or non-profit sector or entrepreneurship, it is imperative to have a strong foundation in your business and management skills. The goal is not to provide you with expert-level expertise, such as Human Resources, Finance, and Quality Management. Rather, it is a loud, comprehensive knowledge of key business and management areas.

The two results must be the result of this type of learning. Firstly, you will have enough knowledge and awareness on a number of disciplines to effectively contribute to the activities and discussions in these areas. Secondly, you have enough information to make a decision about which specialty to specialize, or if you decide to remain generalist in which areas to undertake further studies.

For those who are just starting out or working in the first few years, selecting the first introductory course is a critical step. If the chosen course and qualification are not the most appropriate, then this can have a very negative impact on the early stages of student career development. Despite the apparent appeal of glamorous and "cutting edge" titles such as "E Business", "Network Technology", "Systems Analysis" and "Website Design", one of your main learning opportunities is in most cases harmful may. Potential employers, and the present, will not be impressed with such qualification titles. Even in niche business sectors, such as the internet or designs, employers will be more impressed by young applicants who have a solid, comprehensive, comprehensive understanding of the key functional areas of business. Experience, talent, and special skills in technical areas are, of course, very valuable, but most employers are looking for people who are able to contribute to the major operational activities. For example, consider designing a web site. Unless you plan and 100% sure this is where your career takes you, as this is a study opportunity, it's a waste of time. Learn Dreamweaver, yes. Do you plan to design a website as a field of study in the foundation business course? No.

It is equally important in this respect for job and career changes. In today's business, it is now accepted that most young people at work often change their jobs and change their careers or business spheres at least four times. With so much change in direction, it is only good for first-time trainee qualifications to study and classify key business areas. Then, in case of a change to a new role or a job search in another business sector, broad-based certification and study content are a tool. You will have experience of your time in other areas, but your qualifications will be relevant to the new one.

Case Study: Higher National Certificate and Diploma. The UK's most respected foundation qualification is Higher National, which is the commitment of HNC and Higher National Diploma HND, both of which are Edexcel BTEC, a recognized certification body. I will use these qualifications to demonstrate how critical your choices are on your study opportunities. HNC is the introductory course that is essential for the student, but it is essential to know the critical business functions. You can choose from a number of "special" titles, such as "E-Business Strategy", "Information Technology", "Jog" and "Marketing". However, I firmly argue that for the majority of students who start working in the world, the best solution is far from HNC Business and Management.

Although esoteric titles may look attractive, it is worse than gaining student attractiveness for employers, and in some cases it will be a huge disappointment as the content is irrelevant and obsolete. Consideration should be given to options that complement basic key business and management areas such as business decision making, business strategy and quality management. The student is then provided with a wealth of knowledge sets and understanding of all areas involved in everyday activities. The same argument applies to HND's Higher National Diploma, which has been recognized as equivalent in the first two years of Bachelor's degree. This can be considered as an independent course or as a progress of the HNC. In both cases, the best solution is HND Business (Management). Once again, the selected areas have to be included in major areas such as quality management, project management, or finance.

Although it is tempting to hold a course that includes exciting or current learning opportunities or a qualification that puts a glamorous emphasis on the title, this is not the best choice for a foundation business qualification. The knowledge of professionals needs to be acquired a bit later, but the first step is to obtain a qualification that shows that it is understandable and effective in contributing to basic, fundamental areas. This first qualification remains in the early stages of professional development and is visible to all who appreciate your potential. So you have to prove that when you decide that you have made a conscious decision on the core business knowledge of your business and that you provide the most effective foundation for knowledge that you can start your business in the business world.

Create a large foundation with your Foundation

Many believe the foundation is just another element of makeup and nothing more. It is assumed that its foundation is because its pores are clogged, its face becomes dry or oily, and the foundation usually adds an extra unnecessary wrinkle to your face.

However, this is not true. Of course, if you choose a wrong basis, sometimes the oily skin and the dry skin, then you can still dry the skin.

Therefore, you should choose the right type of base for the skin type and apply it correctly. This will transform your basics from a makeup layer to a layer of protection.

Like a lip balm on a hard winter day, it can work as a good basic protective coating to help protect your skin from harsh elements in everyday life. Sun, wind, cold weather and other environmental elements can damage the skin, but a good foundation can easily help prevent damage.

If you're looking for a new shade, find out that the color in the bottle or priming tube is not always the color on your face. That's why you need to look at the basics and mix them in your skin to see what they really are.

Always try the foundation on your face, not your hand or your wrist. This is because your face is of a different shade than your hands and wrists. After applying a small amount to your face, wait a few minutes to get the Foundation a chance to fit dry and skin.

You will know that he has chosen the best foundation when he found that the shadow really disappears on his face.

If you still find it stuck to the basic shades, the best option is to pick the somewhat darker dark shades.

Choosing the foundation with a little yellow is likely to promote your facial expression. This is because yellow based funds work well for everyone. Yellow minimizes the redness of your skin, which may be due to tinnitus, aging or broken capillaries.

If you have a dry skin, you can easily apply it to the foundation, otherwise it may emphasize the dryness of your skin.

Before using the primer, always use a moisturizer first. A good, light wetting agent can help to block moisture and allow smoother application of foundation.

Use a cosmetic sponge to apply the foundation. This makes it easier to look and how professional makeupers get the best results.

When you apply your foundation, start at the center of your face and forehead. From these places you can blend your face with soft hairs and get smoother look and even coverage.

If you find that you need more coverage, wait for the first application to be dry and then apply another layer. Keep the foundation with you if you find that you need to re-apply it during the day.

Great way to lay the foundation and reach polished appearance with loose powder with soft brush. This technique is also a professional make-up artist.

After selecting the right background color, you may want a little extra color on your face. You can easily achieve this by fine brushing, for example, with a pink or berry shade. Make your choice depending on your skin color. The right color helps you to uncover your face and give you a fresh look.

Always keep in mind that the skin tone changes with the seasons, so be sure to adjust the basics to the seasons. For example, some people are darker in summer and become lighter in winter.

Following these tips, you need to have a solid foundation, no time for which you and your skin on your face would be great and feel great!

Add a trademark from the beginning to the end

Launching a website / business involves luggage that can be quite difficult, especially for individuals who have little experience with the many legal elements of starting a business. Because of the limited budget, they had been forced to handle some rather frightening tasks. One of the most difficult tasks was to protect our business by registering a trademark. The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) may be an intimidating entity. They have the power to approve or deny the trademark entry, which, if denied, may result in extra costs instead of surplus funds. For the purpose of research, attention to detail and purpose, the registration of your own trademark is not the dream of a pipe;

Of course, getting the trademark attorney's lawyer is always the safest option if you spend thousands of dollars to cover the costs. Nevertheless, I am willing to accept that many starters are there that simply can not afford the added burden in their pocketbook. If you come to the conclusion that you can not afford a lawyer, this article is written for you and hopefully provides an overview of the entire process of trademark registration.

Even in the absence of a lawyer, you must still be prepared to pay $ US $ 350.00 to $ 1,500 for USPTO filing fees. There is a reason why costs may change so much; this depends on how many classes you need to register. When writing this article, the prize / prize is USD 325.00 per class (please follow the second link at the end of the article to find the actual tariff package). A class or more precisely is used to identify goods or services of your trademark / business. Some businesses offer products or services that can not be adequately covered by a single class when costs can indeed be exchanged. It should also be noted that the trademark can be regarded as a service mark, subject to the registration of the service.

Unfortunately, the cost of registering a trademark is not the only problem. In the USPTO, fine people are meticulous with the details (for good reason) and offer little room for the mistakes. If you notice any critical errors in your application, you may find that you will be eligible for the registration / registration fees that are not refundable. The first step is to review all the information that the USPTO offers on its website. After feeling comfortable with your review, look for the TESS database for similar logos / signs and similar names. If you have trademarks that would suggest similar similarities, talk to a lawyer or conduct further research before continuing because it represents additional variables that you did not encounter during my trademark application.

After reviewing USPTO.com and ensuring that there are no similar registered trademarks, it is time to conduct more research. The best advice is if I search for similar businesses and / or websites with the TESS search engine who successfully registered their trademarks and reviewed the information they use to register them. In any case, I would not recommend you to copy your data (this is illegal and more than likely, meaningless), just use it as a tool to make sure it is in the right direction. I would not let you look at the trademark of a similar company, let's look at some. I will focus two things on the research. First, pay special attention to the writing style of the descriptions, keeping in mind the specific terminology and see the descriptive description; if their trademark was approved, they should have been correct. Second, you can use similar businesses to help narrow down a class or classes for your application.

There are two basic formats for trademark registration: standard character and stylized. The standard character format is for the entry of words only, not supported by any special font or design. The standard character format was used when signing up, "the disputes have never been so fun," JealousBrother.com slogan. The stylized format is used for the JealousBrother.com name / logo thanks to the unique design of the logo and because of its special trademarks and illustrations as part of the trademark. The latter is obviously much harder to register because of the strict details required to meet the requirements set by the USPTO. If your trademark requires stylized registration, I strongly suggest that you add an extra mile to the trademark descriptor. In my opinion, it is better to cover all the details in detail than it is too loose with its descriptions and leave space for questions.

If you're like me, you're probably going to have a quick turn around for hundreds of dollars to buy for the fork; think again. I am sure the USPTO is very busy and the data they manage is very detailed and very important to many individuals and companies alike. However, I was rather shocked when it turned out that the timing was done three to six months before the investigating lawyer even examined my application. It took about two and a half months for an investigating lawyer to look at our application. It is also estimated that the whole process runs from thirteen to sixteen months from the announcement to the final registration. Acting without a lawyer can be a very painful and worrying expectation; whether everything has been correctly entered.

After your lawyer reviews your lawyer, you grant or refuse to officially post the USPTO's official journal. If approved, you will be given the date of publication of the trademark at which time a 30-day waiting period is available. At this time, anyone who is protected by trademark registration is entitled to turn to the USPTO. I suppose a good analogy now or forever keeps the peace.

After we waited patiently for five and a half months by the end of the day, their logo was published in the Official Gazette. If there was one thing I had learned so far, it was never to be expected that the USPTO would happen from one day to the next. Thirty days of patience came and gone and I heard two months ago. I guess I was expecting the USPTO to thank me for a congratulatory party as my trademark, but not. Actually, I did not receive email, it turned out that our trademark was finalized by checking the status of the USPTO website. Anyway, it feels good to know that 252 days of my life is not waste. Finally, I got a nice registration certificate from the USPTO, which I will bring and place in my office reminding me of the ending of the difficult task. I hope this article helps you to convince you of what to expect when you embark on an important, yet time-consuming way of registering a trademark.

  • first day – Trademark Application Submitted

  • 85th day – Legal Aid Examination (LIE)

  • 117th day – Mandate of Contractor

  • 123rd day – Approved for publication (Initial Exam)

  • 165th day – Released to the opposition (Official Gazette)

  • 25th day – Trademark Notice Completed

USPTO Links:

] Fee Schedule

Rhetorical tools in John F. Kennedy's opening address

According to Aristotle, a speaker or writer has three ways to convince his audience: the first race depends on the speaker's personality; the second is putting the audience in a certain mind; the third is evidence or evidence that is included in the words of speech.

One of the most influential people who has made a memorable speech over the past century, President John F. Kennedy has written a shaping title that can convince many people.

His well-known speech shows that the author or reader contributes to the purpose or theme of a message sent to his or her country by a persuasive written or spoken discourse (rhetoric) providing the meaningful meaning of the author or speaker.

Definition of terms:

1. Alliteration : Repeating Consonant Sounds at the Beginning of Conspicuous Words

2. Allusion : A brief or indirect reference to a person, place, event, or passage in the Bible or the Bible can be assumed to be well-known to the reader. Amplification : Detailing Details to Clarify a Point

4. Analogism : Comparison between two things in which the more complex is simpler. Anaphora : Repeat one or more words in the header of consecutive phrases, sentences, or sentences. Anastrophe : Translating the Order of Words to Emphasize the Focus

7. Antimetabol : Reverse or Repetitive Words or Expressions for Effect

8. Antithesis : Contrast in parallel terms (not to be confused with the word "extreme opposite"). Assonance : Repeating vocal tones between different consonants

10. Asyndeton : Lack of connective tissues

11. Chiasmus : Reversing the grammatical order from one term to another.

12th Climax : Sorting words, clauses, or sentences in ascending order of importance, weight or focus.

13th Conduplication : It resembles an anthropology in the repetition of the previous word, but it recognizes a keyword (not just the last word) of the previous sentence, clause or sentence at the beginning of the next.

] 14. Consonance : Repeat the same consonances with two or more words in the vicinity

. Ellipsis : A missed speech part that is easy to understand in context. Ethos : Use what the audience value and think you're right or true.

17th Hyperbole : Intentional Exaggeration for Creating Humor or Focus

18. Images : Vivid descriptions that make things look more soul-minded with one or more of five feelings. Logos : They are attracted to the sense of toxic, logical ways

20. Metanoia : Certification of a statement that either reduces or strengthens your voice. Metaphor : A report or identity formulated on a topic differently. Oxymoron : Contradictory Expressions or Ideas are Combined

. Parallelism : Arranging words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures by matching them and their similarity. Paradox : A statement that contradicts itself, but it turns out to be a rational meaning. Pathos : Arousal of emotions

26. Personification : Assigning human attributes to non-human or lifeless objects. Polysyndeton : Paste the conjunction for each word before the list

28. Repeat : The word or phrase has been used near two or more times.

29th Rhetorical Question : The question of rheumatic effect is to emphasize a point, it does not expect an answer. Sententia : Pointing Point with Aphorism

31. Syntax : The grammatical structure of the sentence; Arranging words in one sentence

32. Tricolon : Parallel Words, Expressions, Clauses or Statements

33. Zeugma : Includes several similar rhetorical tools, each containing grammatically correct interconnection with two or more parts of speech with another part of speech

The rhetorical tools that are present in John F. Kennedy

* "The same solemn" (second sentence of the second paragraph)

"(The first sentence of the third paragraph)

•" With which our ancestors fought " (paragraph 3, second sentence)

• "friend and enemy alike" (fourth paragraph)

(paragraph 5)

• "Pay any price, burden …" (paragraph 5)

• "survival and success of freedom" (paragraph 5)

• "loyal friends" (paragraph 7, first sentence)

• "colonial control" (paragraph 8, first sentence)

• "strongly supports" (Paragraph 8 para (paragraph 9)

• "sovereign states" (p. 11). (paragraph 14)

• "Constant Dissolution" (paragraph 14)

• "Honestness Always Submitted" (paragraph 15)

9 . and the last paragraph)

• "carries the burden" (from 6th to the last paragraph)

• "large and global alliance" (5th and last paragraph)

• "victim" first sentence)

• "Let's go and drive the land we love …" (second sentence of last paragraph)

* Allusion [19659002] "I swore before you and God Almighty." (Second sentence of the second paragraph)

• "those who foolishly sought my power to ride from the back of the tiger" (last sentence of paragraph 8)


• "Both sides … Leave both sides … Leave both sides … Leave both parties (paragraphs 16 to 19)

* Analogism

•" Who foolishly seek the tiger (paragraph 3, sentence 3) • "Anaphora

•" all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life "(1st sentence, third sentence) •" not because the Communists can do it, not because they are seeking their votes, but because they are right "(paragraph 9, first sentence)

•" … to the new states … to the people. .. To His Sister … To the World … to the Nations … "(paragraphs 7 to 12)

•" No I always expect to find them rting our opinion. But we always hope to vigorously support their own freedom "(paragraph 8, second and third sentence)

•" both sides are overwhelmed by the cost of modern weapons and both are rightly concerned about the constant propagation of the lethal atom, yet they both compete to change (paragraph 14)

• "For both parties … Leave both sides … Leave both parties … Leave both parties" (paragraphs 16-19)

• " not like wearing arms, though we need weapons, not a call to fight, though we are pungent, but an invitation to wear long twilight, year after year and season "(from the 6th to the last paragraph) •" the first hundred days. It will not be completed during the first thousand days, neither in the life of the administration nor in the life of our planet … "(from 8th to the last paragraph) •" It should not be " (paragraph 4, first sentence and seventh paragraph, paragraph 13 and sentence of the third paragraph)

• "We promise" (paragraph 6)

• "Do not ask" (paragraph 26)

* Antimetabole

• "Do not ask what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country" (3. – we never talk about fear, but do not be afraid to negotiate. second sentence)

* • "Today is not the party's victory, but the holiday of liberty and the beginning of renewal and change." (paragraph 2, first sentence)

• "… not from the generosity of the state, but from the hands of God" (A third second sentence)

• "Support friends, all enemies …" (v.

• "There is not enough that we can not do in a number of co-operative businesses … hardly divided into few things …" (second sentence of paragraph 7)

• "Not because … not because … but because … "(paragraph 9, first sentence) [19659002] •" We never discuss fear, but do not be afraid to negotiate "(second paragraph of paragraph 15)

•" Both parties will discover that what are the problems that we draw us instead of grasping the problems that share us "(paragraph 16)

•" not a new power balance but a new world of law "(paragraph 20)

•" No (paragraph 23)

• "I will not restrain from this responsibility – I welcome you" (paragraph 2, second sentence)

• "… ask what you can do for your country, ask what you can do for your country "(par rafus)

• "Do not ask what America will do for you, but we can do it for human freedom" (2 to the last paragraph)

* [1 9459003] Assonance

• "… the constant propagation of the deadly atom" (v.

* Asyndeton

All burdens, all difficulties, supports all friends, against all enemies … "(paragraph 5)

•" reveals the stars, conquers deserts, eradicates the disease, touches the depths of the ocean "(second paragraph of paragraph 18)

•" Energy, faith and devotion "(from the 4th to the last paragraph) Chiasmus

• "Never talk about fear. But do not be afraid to negotiate. "(Paragraph 15, second sentence)

•" Do not ask what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country "(last paragraph 3) 19659002] Climax

• "This will not end in the first hundred days. The first thousand days will not be completed, either in the administration's life or in the lives of our planet. "(8th and last paragraph) 19659002) •" help them to help themselves "(paragraph 9, first sentence)

•" good things to good deeds "(paragraph 10, first sentence)

• "free people and free governments" (paragraph 10) • "the tools of the war far exceeded the means of peace" (paragraph 11)

• "absolute power … absolute control …"

* • "You are very well or bad we want to …" (paragraph 5)

We promise – and more. (Paragraph 6) Ethos

• "Johnson Vice President, President, Judicial Boss, President Eisenhower, Vice President Nix President Truman, Clergy Reverend Citizens: Today we do not consider the party's victory but the holiday celebration – which symbolizes the end and the beginning – indicating renewal and change. "(paragraphs 1 and 2) [19659002] • "In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the protection of freedom in the maximum threat hour. I will not strive for this responsibility – I'm happy for her. "(4th and last paragraph)

•" With our good conscience is our only sure reward, the ultimate judge in history is ours, let's lead the land we love, ask for his blessings and help, but knowing that in the earth the work of God must truly be their own. "Every nation must know whether it wants us well or badly, we will pay for all costs, we will bear the burden, we can meet all the difficulties, we support all (paragraph 5)

* • "The torch has been passed on to the new generation of Americans." (paragraph 4)

* is an old cultural one for the survival and freedom of the enemy and those of spiritual origin who have a cultural and spiritual origin "(first sentence of the seventh paragraph)

•" new states we welcome in the ranks of freedom "(1st sentence, first sentence of the eighth paragraph) (see paragraph 9, first sentence)

• "The sovereign states, United Nations (paragraph 11)

• "Nations That Make You Enemy" (paragraph 12) Metanoia

• "The trumpet again invites us to pick up weapons, even though we need weapons, not warranties, although we are pungent – but a call to bear the burden of a long, half-light fight, year after year and year, "rejoicing in hope, the sick in misery" – the struggle against one's common enemies: tyranny, poverty, disease and the war "(p. and last paragraph)

* Metaphor

• "We are the heirs of the First Revolution". (The first sentence of the fourth paragraph)

• "Let the word pass from this time and place, both his friend and his enemy (second sentence of the fourth paragraph)

•" riding on the back of the tiger " (paragraph 3, third sentence)

• "a" (tenth sentence)

• "chains of poverty" (paragraph 10, first sentence)

• "evolution of hope" (second paragraph of paragraph 10) (Paragraph 10, last sentence)

• "Equilibrium of terrorism" (paragraph 14)

• "And if a coast of cooperation turns the jungle of suspicion …" (paragraph 20)

• "The energy, faith, and devotion we bring to this endeavor illuminates our country and all who serve it, and the light from the fire is truly illuminated by the world" (from the 4th to the last paragraph)

* *

• "This is a peaceful revolution." (A b The Second Word of Commencement)

is not the victory of the party today, but the holiday of freedom – a symbol of ending, as well as a sign of renewal and change. "(Paragraph 2, first sentence)

•" born in this century (second sentence of the fourth paragraph)

• "Every nation must know whether it wants us good or bad, we pay every price, (paragraph 5)

• "Both parties will uncover what problems are united to us … first, make serious and painkillers, precise suggestions for controlling and controlling weapons … Both sides should endeavor to draw the miracles of science … Both parties merge … "(paragraphs 6-9)

•" There is little that we can not do (second and third sentence of the seventh paragraph)

• "If a free society can not help the poor, then it is not (paragraph 9, sentence)

* "only if our weapons are sufficient" (paragraph 13, second sentence)

can no doubt be assured that it is undoubtedly never they will not be employed. "(The second sentence of paragraph 13)

* Pathos

•" the planet trying to break the mass misery … "(paragraph 9, first sentence)

"The tomb of American young people responding to the call surrounds the world" (7th and last paragraph) [19659002] • "The energy, faith, and devotion we bring to this endeavor illuminates our country and all those who serve it. (the fourth to the last paragraph)

* Personification

• "The ultimate judge of our actions in history" (second sentence of last paragraph) [19659002] "Where the strong are just and the weak (9th and last paragraph)

* "Man in the mortal hands keeps all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life abolished" (third The first sentence of the first sentence of this article)

* • "We can sacrifice against the enemy a great and global alliance, North and South, East and West, which can guarantee a more fruitful life for all mankind • Join this historical effort "(from 5th to the last paragraph)." […]

• "Withdraw the heavy burden … (and) let the oppressed freely" b


• "Citizens of the world: do not ask what will you do for the United States, but we can do it for human freedom". the last paragraph). • We do not look at the victory of the party, but the holidays of liberty, which symbolize an end, and a beginning which means renewal and change. "(Paragraph 2, first sentence)

•" It is not like carrying a weapon, although we need weapons, not a call for combat, although we are spiky but a call to bear a long twilight fight, year after year and season "(From the 6th to the last paragraph)

*" The trumpet again invites us, we need weapons – not against the call to fight – but the call to bear the burden … (from 6 to the last

Embodiment of Statements: John F. Kennedy used 33 different types of rhetoric in his speech. The most decisive rhetoric he used was the use of alliteration.

Conclusions: From the comprehensive analysis, it can be seen that it is obvious that it is aimed at attracting the public's attention to listening and understanding the points sensibly in the field of writing and speech

Painful victory

The Israelites had a bad day. And things got worse. I Samuel 4-6 recalls a time when Israel was led by the prophet Eli. The Israelites have just lost their fight against the Philistines since they have been waging war for countless decades. At that time, God begged for peace or for the victory of the enemies.

In response to their defeat, the nation of Israel has won the most valuable possessions for the next battle. Eli knew that the Covenant of the Alliance would surely bring them victory. However, it was a defeat. 30,000 people lost their lives in the privileged battle. The battle took away the lives of Hophni and Phinehas, the sons of Eli. And they lost the Ark. When they ceased their devastating defeat and their terrible losses, Eli fell from his throne, broke his neck, and died.

We're talking about a bad day.

The Philistines began to celebrate the thriving victory of Ashdod. But the holiday was short-lived. Ashdod's prisoners were soon tumors. The Ark was removed and sent to Gath. The same result. Tumors. And rats are infected. He moved again and again. Every time the result was the same. Rats and tumors. Five different cities met the same match. The population of the Philistines fell. The nation fell into panic.

Finally, the Philistines decided to return the chest to the Israelites to save their civilization. They knew Ark was his relationship with God. In order to curb God and the Israelites, the Philistines not only returned the crate but also offered a guilty plea. The offer included five golden rats and five gold tones. Yes, rats and tumors … but they deserve extra cash.

Israelis ultimately reach peace with the Philistines. The destruction caused by the crates had ruined the Philistine army. Many soldiers died. Many others had to leave the military to secure farms and estates when family members died. The army will build for years. Their nation would last for decades. The result is a whole generation of peace and prosperity for Israel.

Sometimes we pray seriously, but we're spoiled when things get worse. God promises to give us what we want, but it does not specify that the journey will be easy. Answers to our prayers are often on the other side of misfortunes. We only have to estimate the bad luck and defeat that God will be just for His word.

James 1: 2 Take heed to my delight, my brethren, when ye stand before many kinds of trials; 3 For ye know that faith is trying to persevere. Endurance must end its work to be mature and complete, and there must be nothing missing.

Know that the other side of the trial is the ultimate victory.

God does not promise us a life of discord. But trusting in God and the surviving life force, we reach our desires and our extraordinary – our victory, our joy.

Encountering smashing while pregnant – 3 tips to cope with breaking up and win back

The ways to cope with getting into pregnancy help you gain emotional and physical health during that time – when you need to take care of your child's life. So here are 3 councils that bring peace to the emotions towards your ex-boyfriend and help you cope with the disintegration.

first Advice: Understanding Breaking … Now …

The simplest thing to do now is to agree with disintegration. I understand that this is not what your mind tells you do, but you do it better than harm. That's why:

  1. It's easier to go to flow than the current one. As the ex firmly decides to make up for you, reserve and share energy with the child. Since you are in your stomach, your baby needs support to get good nutrition for growth. The mood also has an effect on baby growth.
  2. Settlement with disintegration will be a shocking factor for your friend. One of the reasons is that the ex decided to break up with you because he fears to cope with mood fluctuations and bring up a newborn child. This is a huge responsibility for a guy, and your partner is probably not ready. By agreement with disintegration, you show him that we are able to cope with ourselves. He will be pleasantly surprised and relieved – giving you the time to think through both of them.

2. Advice: Take care of yourself and your baby's health

Divorce during pregnancy includes your baby and your baby's health. The baby is probably only a few weeks or a month old and should avoid emotional feelings and prevent physical injury – to ensure that the baby grows healthy.

breakup. So it's a quick way to regain your calmness to look into the mirror and ask yourself, "Is this the person I want to be with? I want my own skin and weight, and I would look more and more? "I want to be happy. I expect my life to be better. I want to regain my partner . But … "If you have come to this point, do not think about the question.

The most important thing is to focus on what you want instead of preventing you from what you want, which will help increase your emotional and general happiness. 19659008] Breasts are also growing during pregnancy Use to tempt the person you love to get in touch with you but not too much to have sex With coexistence too fast with it will elude your attraction Try to talk to her Do it Your control

Advice 3: Promote love, love, and comfort from the people who love

We all find their way to cope with a breakdown of a romantic relationship. While social interaction retreats from time to time, do your best to accept your friends' suggestions to meet once and for all. kicking with your friends to stay healthy

Initially, just take small steps out of your comfortable zone and even your friends can get to the house if you like. True friends will be sensitive to your needs and strive to be there for you – All you have to do is ask yourself. One pregnant mother is common. But power is in your hands; to relieve pregnancy and get her ex-boyfriend.

Meditation tips for peace

The calm of the mind is a highly sought after element especially in stressful times in our lives and some meditation tips can be easier for anyone.

The key to using meditation tips is the practice. Keep at least 5 minutes at least every day when you will have the opportunity to spend time practicing meditation techniques. Having experienced the peace of meditation you will undoubtedly increase the duration of the exercise. Do not rush the process. While peace is a sensible desirable result, the more important it is to control when it comes to feeling. This check is only possible through regular, structured practice.

Finding the ideal location in practice is the first meditation tip to help you reach peace. A quiet, quiet place is best for you to pay full attention to the task; external noise and disturbances too disturb meditation. A comfortable chair sitting on the bed or sitting in the traditional Legs Lotus position with all the possible positions on the knee's hands; the point is to be completely comfortable and relaxed. As it becomes more and more fulfilled in meditation, it will be able to attain peace anywhere and anytime. At the beginning, however, it is best to practice the breathing technique in a calm sitting position.

One of the best meditation tips to go slow. The frequent mistake of many beginners is that the process is too simple, impatient, and tries to explode the techniques. Of course, this touch does not reach relaxation. Focusing on improving the proper breathing technique; practicing any outward breath and breath breathing as it happens draws attention to the effect of air on your body and mind.

Proper breathing is the basis of meditation. One of the tips to master the technique is that we are fully aware of the importance of individual breathing. Imagine all exhortations that you try out all your thoughts, anxiety, and thoughts from your mind out of your breath; embedded in the world. Every inhalation brings joy and tranquility to the body; occupying the place where concern once lived. Every breath takes great responsibility, so it must be done correctly. Close your eyes to focus on it. Imagine that your body is emptied and every breath gets calm. Begin with your feet and finally work until peace finally reaches your mind. You must be absolutely calm now.

These meditation tips allow you to reach the state of mind in stressful times. Practice them faithfully to achieve the best results in your life.