Apiary 101 – Frames, foundation and beekeeping
If you want to be a beekeeper, then one of the most useful tools will be the frame. Frames are basically wooden rectangles that are placed in a hive and bees are used as guides to make a honeycomb. They are comfortable because the beekeepers can pull out a frame, cover the honeycomb at the same time, and then return the frame to the hive.
There are different types of frames, but they can be basically read by the founders and those who do not. The foundation is a waxy material that is arranged in sheets and which honey bees are able to build combs. Often, it has a hexagonal pattern that provides the bees with a natural template on which the wax structure is built.
If the frames do not have such a waxy base, the bees build their honeycomb like in the wild. The comb frees freely and can not be as fine as the hexagonal pattern honeycomb. In addition, the honeycomb without the base is often just the bottom of the comb structure and will not always be on the side of the frame.
The foundation may encounter various possibilities, for example, with a wire mesh embedded in wax. This helps stabilize things and is less susceptible to breakage, which is more common in colder climates. The foundation is not the strongest material, so you have to handle it very carefully and install a framework. Often they are purchased and delivered, but a guide or instructions are required for installation in the frame.
Baseless frames are basically empty wood frames. Some beekeepers place the wedges or cakes in the frames by sliding them down and giving the bees instructions to create the comb. This also allows the comb to have a bit more solid foundation when the beekeeper withdraws.
If you are using empty cube, you are very careful when handling when you unlink the frame from the hive. If you drag the frame too far to one side, the honeycomb's weight can prevent you from breaking away and knocking on the floor. Always hold the frame vertically so that the comb falls straight down.
Supports both types of frames. The Foundation primarily provides a straight, fine comb that is structurally strong and pleasing to the eye, which is important if the beekeeper designs honeycomb and honey.
However, the foundation may be very expensive, it requires brittle and careful handling, and some algorithms that may contain pesticides if it comes from carefree manufacturers. (Of course it would be damaging to bees.) And if you plan to eat the honeycomb you are eating directly, you will definitely avoid the wires that contain it!
For those looking for a natural beekeeping style, the foundation creates a slightly unnatural order for bees and does not provide them with enough freedom to adhere to their instincts in the construction of a beehive. For beginners, we recommend that you use a base for the first hive, but if you prefer the honeycomb or the possibility of several different hives, we recommend that you try at least one hive with empty frames to look at the differences and which one is the best opportunity for you and your bees.