Buildings and their construction

I'm trying to cover the bases for setting up a platform for different structures. Since the base is the foundation of every building, it is important to design a licensed specialist who determines the correct size of the legs. The local soil conditions and the size of the building determine the physical size of the required legs, the reinforcement requirements of the steel, if any, etc.

The legs, regardless of what they intend to sit on, such as a wall or a post, must always sit on the virgin, undisturbed ground. When dredging with a machine (excavator or bladed excavator) it is recommended that we dig from the desired depth to a few centimeters and finish the last few inches by hand. This prevents you from accidentally interfering with the ground at the bottom of your legform.

If you dig more than you need, put it on your feet at this level, do not put the loose material back into the hole. Your legs are full when the weight of the concrete is placed and the entire base is the same.

If you have already installed the base wall or column, the result is a cracked wall or a sunken column. This, of course, leaves you behind a structurally unfounded base or an onboard deck that lies in a corner.

Foting Types-

Footprints can be made by throwing lumber and paper tubes, and in some areas concrete is placed directly on the ground if the correct shape of the hole and the soil are strong enough to retain its shape. Check with your local buildings to see if this is acceptable. If a building, such as a home or a garage, has been built, it is common practice to open excavation excavation that allows the formation and casting of soles. If this is your project, then the right size 2 x 8, 2 x 10, plywood etc. As the soles are buried, knots or holes in the wood are no problem, as appearance is not important.

Multiple paper preformed round foot tubes in place. The required diameter is displayed in the drawings.

The most commonly used paper tubes can be mounted, distributed and later folded over the paper to provide a clean, ready-made look. As long as the molds are strong enough to hold the concrete mass until it is dry and the attachment is strong enough to ensure that the shape does not move when placing the concrete, you are good. The legs are usually squared, but they may be square, round, or just of any shape. If you have a professional designed leg, your drawings will show you the shape and size of the required legs. Carefully look at the drawings to determine the size and number of feet required. You will probably want to put everything all at once to save money on your specific orders. If you mix the concrete manually, you can put them all at once. A typical foot size can be between 2 and # 0 "x 2" and "0" x 10 ": this is a 2 foot square that is 10 inches high or deep. Top of the tip This is usually the case (-4 & # 39; 0 "or -8" -O ") and so on.This means that the top of the finished foot should be four feet or eight feet in the first floor level and then deduct the distance between four feet and 10 inches, to reach the bottom of the new foot., the height will read more (-4 & # 39; -4 5/8 "). Well. It's just a little math job. Still wanting to keep it okay. The top of the plinth will determine the completed height of the entire building. Well done. Subsequent modifications, if possible, can be a nightmare. If you get a building permit for your job, the building supervisor will check if you have entered the form at the minimum depth below the desired area. They will not control the altitude for you. That's your responsibility. Your drawings will show you all the information you need to place the feet properly at the right place and at the right height.


Many primers are required to reinforce concrete. Installation is a simple task requiring only a pair of flat pliers and a roll of light gauge wire ropes. Your drawing indicates the size and number of the required bars. If you read 4-5 EWs, this means that a total of 8 # 5 bars are required. The base of the rod is 1/8 ", so the # 5 bar has a diameter of 5/8". # 6 3/4 "and so on with EW abbreviation for" All Roads ", not East-West.

A large rugged carpet installed on one foot

the rods are perpendicular to each other to have 4 rods east- and 4 rods in the north to the north-south direction, one to the other, each of the bands being 1 and 39 mm long, the specific protocol requires a distance of 3 "from the end of each track to the edge of the concrete (that's the only way)

The rod is located in the lower parts of the line

50% of the crossbar of the rod, wrap the wire around both bars, screw the pliers to tighten the cord and cut the wire. to place the insert on top, place the mattress in its shape, keep the bottom of the leg height at 1/3 (protocol again), providing the highest strength. you do not want the rod to touch the form or the ground, the concrete must fully engage the rods. The best way to adjust the lattice carpet is to use two pieces of cloth, just place the pieces on a page. With the cord of the tie, it simply hangs the carpet by wrapping the binding cover to the bottom bars of the carpet and then attaching it to the holder. Make sure the carpet is at the bottom of the base when it is ready. Another method is to pour the concrete into concrete until 1/3 is complete, level the concrete and then put the carpet in the wet concrete. Fill out the form as long as you're done. This is easier, but if you work alone, it's just another job of pouring concrete. Shake your shape by easily touching the mold side with a hammer to solidify the concrete and remove the airbags. Use the form to stop the top of the footing level and perform it. If you use round paper for pipes on an deck, you may need to set anchor screw to the column. When you pass a line to a wall,

There are some typical lines in place.

You may need to install a "key" slot and grille to the wall mount. Find the so-called "section" in your drawings. If a key hole is needed, it will show. This can be achieved by lowering the 2 x4 downward slope into the wet concrete and creating the key opening. The concrete should be moist enough, but not too damp or the aperture will fill up and not too dry or will not be able to create. A little work done is a fine job.

Shows the base of the line with the key that records the base wall wall.

Many base walls have to match the so-called bars to place them on the base. These pins must be bent forward and be ready, PREVENTION ON THE BETON. Here's a cautious word. Sprayed concrete can severely damage your eyes and skin. Wear safety goggles or safety goggles when working with wet concrete. Any concrete that should be applied to your skin should be washed as quickly as possible to avoid skin burns.

Shows the leg that connects to the pegs before loading the concrete.

The dowels are typically L-shaped, with a short horizontal foot and a longer vertical leg. Your drawing will tell you how long these feet need. Example of reading # 5 dowels, 4 # OC, 12 "x36", IF This means that # 5 rods (5/8 ") are 12 feet long and long feet 36" vertical supports from inside wall 2 "

From the center of the walls, starting from the center of one corner and starting from the center line, should be placed between 4" (48 ") and add an extra column at this point to have a bar at every corner the center

The rods are kept as simple as possible. The advantage of installing them before casting, you do not have to rush to try to bring them before the concrete is too dry, the disadvantage of finishing the top of the concrete around the lane Architects sometimes flap the wet insert when the concrete is moved too far. Carefully insert the rod into the wet concrete, making sure that it is fully in contact with the concrete. If it is OK, there can be no holes in each blade circle Sitting when done, arranging the plinth forms and marking where the spikes go, there is simply no time and it is unlikely that the energy after the concrete when the concrete is tough is too late [19659002] If the spikes are not equipped, the building supervisor rejects the job.

Forms – Before you are ready to cast concrete, you need to make sure the forms are levels. With a simple 3 point (Nikon) and a ruler, you can lift up to 5 to 10 feet in height with a helper and make sure all forms are at the same height. The footpegs have one or two steps that are defined by the marks on the spot. Make sure the individual areas are there. If the foundation is masonry, the stairs are usually up to 16 inches high if the foundation is scattered from concrete to take more steps, ask your architect for the maximum step. In warmer climates, the legs are almost staggered: in the colder climates, 5 or more feet from the ground to the bottom of the feet, against the frost in cold weather

CLEANUP [19659002] They often ignore the cleansing part of the footwork and do not have to remove the whole land from the excavation,

In many parts of the country, termites are a serious problem, a fine wall for these guys, and when they're done buried they move up the building, remove all the wood, paper, tarpaulin or other batteries that are not made of earth bb kudarcolt like a job, because the builder took the view that open excavation was landfill. An ignorant future homeowner inherits the potential problem and the builder saves $ 5 for cleaning costs. Take your time to do it well. The bucket residue can weep in the soil, and if it is with you, it contaminates the drinking water.


Footprints are a critical part of any structure that sits on them. Take the time to place it properly at the right height, and the rest of your work becomes much easier.

As an e-book customer, you can receive a one-month free e-mail support for the project. I can not provide structural information as this should be done by a licensed specialist in the state where you stay, but I can offer many tips and tricks or if you need more information about a particular subject for footnotes, feel free to email me and I come back as soon as possible.

All areas of the country have their own design criteria for different plinths. The warmer areas allow the use of prefabricated masonry blocks in large boxes. The local construction department is happy to inform you that the minimum required depth you require



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