Introduction of the Akkadian civilization

The Akkadians were groups of 19459002 people from the Arab peninsula at the very moment when the great Sumerian city-states flourished. These people eventually wandered to the north where they met the Sumerians. BC around 2350 an academic military leader Sargon (19459003) – the "legitimate ruler") conquered the Sumerian city states and built an Akkadian empire that created the world's first realm. It was mostly Sumer, and all the way to Lebanon, Syria, Anatolia, and Western Iran. Akkad (Agátus ) was the capital, which became the basis of the name of the people and the language.

The Abbean empire had a central government under the rule of the king under the royal court and the high class of priests. Sargon was most responsible for this development. A strong economy was the foundation of the empire, Sargon and his court stood in the middle of economic activity, unlike the Sumer where the priests said more about economic matters. Their economies are highly dependent on agriculture; their production area was very effective due to the efficient watering system. The productivity of the production area has enabled the growth of the empire's population. Agricultural products were abundant, but the empire was short of anything else. Wood, metal ores and building blocks had to be imported. However, Sargon's military conquest expanded the boundaries of the empire, eventually including regions that were the source of these valuable goods. The king brought great wealth to the empire, which created many bureaucrats and administrators when creating the first bureaucratic organization. This bureaucracy made it possible for him to lead the empire more effectively.

The Akkadian civilization was the extension of the Sumerian civilization; their society was similar to Sumerians. "The status of women was generally similar to Sumerian women, although the" holy woman "legend began in that period. Enheduanna was the first published poet of the world, whose races, glorifying gods, and goddesses are about 4300 years old

Sumerian gods and goddesses were given Akkadian names, but the roles of temple priests and clergy fell. they were foolish, intelligent, shy, humorous, jealous, or angry, and these divinities came from nature, which was understandable, given that the human being and goddess were human beings and gods and goddesses. Mesopotamian life was directed by nature. When it comes to understanding nature, it is human the god of heaven, Enlil the air god, Nanna the moon god and Utu of the goddess. The Mesopotamians believed that these gods had created the universe and everything in it, including of course the people. They also believed that men and women were created by gods to serve the gods-to make sacrifices, to wear them, to obey and obey them. But this religion had no law on ethics or morality. It was good and evil for people to discover it alone. Humanity, according to early Mesopotamians, exists in the service of the gods who are responsible for the smooth running of humanity and the world's general affairs. The world was directed through their representative; in Akkadian civilization it meant Sargon.

The Akkadian people, in a relatively sophisticated agriculture that included irrigation and plowing, discovered the bronze casting method. They also use mud bricks to build houses and temples and have had an advanced ceramic industry.

Formal education at this era was practical, and primarily for training priests and writers. Education started from basic reading, writing and religion, then from legal higher education, medicine and astrology. The upper class youths are generally well-prepared for the scribes, from copiers to librarians and teachers. The excavations also revealed that the priests' schools were as many as the temples, not only the importance of the priests in the Mesopotamian society, but also the thoroughness of priestly education.

The art of Mesopotamians, including the Accadian, is a great refinement during this period; the bronze head of a king, thought by scientists as Sargon, was invented by Ninive (Asian capital, Assyrian empire). It is believed that approx. From 2300 to 2200. This head is a masterpiece of ancient art. Another example is the two cylindrical gaskets that belong to Sargon's time, and these are the most beautiful examples. Naram-Sin (Sargon's grandson) shows relief from sculpture as one of his military victories. Many clay slabs explored in various places in Iraq reveal ancient Mesopotamian literature, especially poems and hymns, and considered their goddesses.

Sargon for fifty-six years (2335 to 2279) and his son, Rimush, later murdered in a palace riot, succeeded him. Another son, Manishtushu, also killed another palace in rebellion. The last king of the Akkadian dynasty, one hundred years old, was Naram-sin and the first to follow the divine right. His fall, and the entire empire, the Russian-born Oriental origin, was called Gutian. However, recent results have provided evidence that droughts of 300 years were the main cause of the death of the empire.

Scientists have discovered that the collapse of the Akkadian empire is about ie2. This civilization depends to a great extent on agriculture; the drought that occurred in this period seriously weakened production and later caused the collapse of the empire. People fled and moved to the south, where agriculture is still sustainable. It was the revival of the earlier glory of the Sumerians, but it did not take long. Finally, the new conquerors followed our Sargon traces and united the urban status of Mesopotamia.

How to Find Educational Foundation Support?

A large number of private foundations and the United States Department of Education give thousands of dollars each year to an educational foundation. However, most people have confused their true nature and what we really are, what and what they mean and how to find them.

Yes, the official government web site of the Ministry of Education is also difficult to navigate, so getting comprehensive information on these subsidies can be a problem.

For those who want to get educational fundraisers and student financial support, read on and find some comprehensive and useful tips on this subject.

first If applicants or applicants can apply to college or high school, they may try to apply There prospective college students can apply for federal financial support and educational support. Not only the grants are available, students can also apply for student loans and programs to work while studying. Students can also get information about financial aid from the school or learning institution.

2nd There are also fundraising grants that are based on high eligibility and qualifications. These educational aids are, of course, prestigious and special. One example is the United States Department of Education's Discretionary Education Support. Part of these special education grants are awarded to organizations or learning institutions; while providing financial support to individual students. Not a few people know about this special support. So if the candidate is competitive in an academic sense then that is a good opportunity for him.

3rd When looking for educational foundation support, applicants must always check the schedule and deadlines. Most private foundations and government departments have a strict timetable for these issues.

The snake has made me

The snake has done me! Really? You heard it before, did not you? This "snake" made this story. triangular screw. You want to hear it, believe me.

The next day, a friend of mine said he was angry. Did it come out of nowhere?

We were sitting around the table during a conversation. I asked him what was the cause of his anger. She replied that something was related to her brother's behavior. But her biggest concern was how she could get rid of anger.

A brief conversation pointed to some interesting questions …

In short, this was so:

Me: "So you have trouble with your brother's behavior?"

He: "Yes, I am, and he is crazy, very crazy."

Me: "Is your brother crazy or do you decide to be crazy about your brother's behavior?"

You know, it's all in one word. This is the word "choice". We choose when something happens. You may be aware of it, but there are moments when you have to choose. These moments are crucial because, as far as we can, the choices we make will change life.

An event occurs. For some reasons, your answer is needed. At the moment, you can make a decision about the right answer.

So, based on your understanding of what's happening, you choose any of the "situations that are followed by good behavior" # 39; And if you were familiar, I would be poisoned. But why? Really, why?

The event, whatever it is, is just an event. The whole equation is important for you. You may not be responsible for the event / situation, but as long as you live, you are responsible for the answer.

Sometimes the event is extremely bad. The kind we call bad luck is very unlucky. When this is the case, ask yourself, "Why am I not my cat or my neighbor?"

I still claim here that whatever the event / situation is, it is very responsible for its responses. Responsibility for your answers is one of the first steps in keeping your life. When they have their own answers, they dictate the conditions for their success and the way.

I often say that there is nothing in this world that makes me crazy, angry or sad without my consent. This is my life.

Oh, I hear you say you've heard such things so often. Let me add the fine twist I promised. And you are very careful to listen to this path.

There is a positive intention in every behavior. And in any reaction / reaction that any situation faces, there is something that we will call secondary gains.

I will be slow here because we need to read it on the same page.

When someone does something for you, it may be annoying to you. But what are the positive intentions of their behavior? What is the purpose of behavior? By their point of view? They may try to defend themselves or maintain a given status quo. Or they are trying to get something. Maybe your attention or some peace of mind. It may be annoying them.

When your answer to your behavior (in any way) is about how you behave yourself or how you do not benefit. So your behavior (which I maintain does not cause) can also be a way of defending something with perceived danger or intrusion. He always thinks about his own benefits in the unfolding drama.

What to ask of it all.

Respond to every situation by recognizing your positive intent and your own secondary profits. If the two (the positive intention of the situation and the "secondary profits") collide, not so much what happens to me, which matters. This is where I deal with the relevant experience. "

Do not let the snake do anything!

An example of King's plan of war made it easy – Luke 14: 31-33

Jesus taught that a king who was in great trouble had survived the upcoming war, creating peace with the enemy. We will look at the meaning that Jesus here led to the parable. Or what kind of king to fight another king does not sit down first and consider whether he can meet ten thousand who is opposed to twenty thousand? Or else, while the other is still a great way, he sends a delegation and asks for peace. 33 Likewise, anyone who does not abandon all that he has can not be my disciple.

Okay, let's check this out. First of all, I want to share with you something about the Christian life battle. We are in war. Now, if you do not have a lot of opposition in this war, it's probably because it's probably floating under the creek just like Satan himself. I heard Andrew Wommack use this statement. I thought it was funny. He said another dead fish could float. I thought it was funny.

The purpose of Christian life is to swim. You know, a salmon when they give birth, their papes, their eggs, and the eggs grow into small fish, swim up. Every woman salmon finds the river where she was born. You know, it's thousands of miles away and the GPS can keep track of the mouths of the river in their heads as they come out as a baby. And I go up to the stream. Directly to the top of the stream and to the eggs, then the mother dies. Now that salmon does not come into existence, a new salmon will not be created unless a mother has done it. Babies need a place where they feel safe, where there are no predators, and that's just a part of nature. That is why Christian life is swimming on the river. So many people live in the Christian world as the people of the world.

A survey has been made in the United States and I can not cite which year, but Brown Research. And they found that the only noticeable difference between the TV habits, the habits of all purchases bought, wages and job seekers between Christians and non-Christians was that Christians went to church on Sunday. That's the only difference they've found.

Do you know that Satan is waging war with the Christian Church and the body of Christ? The only enemy, Satan, has a Christian, the body of Christ. Everyone else. He does not fight war with others. And it is not particularly warfare for a Christian who does nothing for the Kingdom. But as soon as he begins to live the life of Christ as he begins to sympathize with his neighbors, and begins to use his money and resources to further see the kingdom of God on earth and distinguish between injustice and poverty and the broken heart in this world; As soon as you step in and start being different and go up, a massive campaign starts against you to stop.

Now many people go through these campaigns and immediately retaliate and stop everything they do, just scare them. But Jesus promises that if we are going through James through these miseries, we will strengthen our faith. Miseries are not from God. They come from Satan. But it teaches us to suffer and to be patient and to walk as hard as we can, the stronger our faith is, and the more we can do. So, let us confirm that we have an enemy and move on to the parable. If you are a king, if the United States, talk about the United States alone, you know that roughly 50% of people are watching YouTube from the United States and 70% of readers come from the United States. Now let's talk about the United States. Let's suppose Korea leaves the nuclear instrument and they know that there are missile control systems in Korea that are capable of getting nuclear weapons in the United States and sending them to many American cities. American cities do not get the defense mechanisms to stop all the rockets. If they send out a hundred, then only one has to go, and at 400 kilometers or even 600 kilometers where the nuclear device went out, everyone would have died. Korea has released nuclear facilities. Immediately in the middle of the war on terror and we broke Iraq over weapons of mass destruction. We started a war between Iraq and Afghanistan, who sought these weapons of mass destruction, and Korea released one of the weapons of mass destruction. Iraqis have never been found, never proved there, never found and respected, we still broke them, but in Korea and Korea they left a nuclear weapon and America did not start war with them. America sent a peace delegation to Korea. They said, "Please do not do it again."

Now this parable illustrates. If America had to take full force with Korea, the American people suffered hundreds of thousands or even millions of deaths. So they left with a peaceful delegation. They went out with a nice conversation and tried to talk about it. They did not sail on ships and attacked in Korea as they attacked Iraq.

So Jesus says that this can be related, Jesus says that anyone who wants to build a tower if he does not sit down first counts the costs that is enough to finish it is nonsense. If you did not set the base and you can not finish it. All those who see it begin to laugh. Nobody builds a tower or house and sits down and starts building the house without knowing he has enough money to finish the house or a semi-built house and people think he's stupid: "This man begins to build and he can not finish it, "or Jesus continues," or the king fights with another king, does not sit down first, and weighs him with the ability to meet tens of thousands of people who are facing twenty thousand people. " to win the nuclear war with Korea, because even a rocket would cause too much loss to the American people and they sent it to a peace delegation.

Jesus continues: "So just as one does not leave all that he can not be my disciple. "

There is one reason why one king fights another king, one king fights another king, because he wants what the other wants." The king of the king wants the resources of the king. "" Okay, so if he can not win a war with the king, if a king comes to you with twenty thousand men, and there are only ten thousand. Instead of waging war with this king, he would lose and lose the whole country, take sacrifice and action, and go out to the king and say : "Okay, okay, I stop subsidizing the prices of wheat and sell my cattle on the Asian markets cheaper, do not fight, okay? We lose, we reduce our foreign exports by 30% and suffer, and our people will do poor, but please do not fight this, win it! Well? "

What Jesus says, if you do not leave everything, you can not be his disciple, he says he will follow, it will be a victim. A real war with Satan is easy to float with the rest of the household, it is much harder to give finance and give from the time and the resources to do the things of God [19659002] The last thing I want it to sound like another legalistic discourse is something Jesus said: Jesus on the cross of death was enough payment for all of us to get in to the Kingdom, but shared this parable with people for the cost to become a successful follower of Jesus.

A person who wants to compete in the Olympics one day, first of all knows that there are years and years of hard work, day by day, year after year they have to compete and fit enough to compete with the best in the world, who really want to be the best in sports in the world to endure the pain and the whole year of the practice to get a chance to compete for their country each day. But the peoples of the Christian world do not share their Christian faith with the same commitment.

I know the warning is always a good thing. I remember helping a friend to prophecy (that is, talking directly to God about God) that my girlfriend's practice asked Jesus for a message. She said I was going through a refinery fire. It meant that they were going through such difficult times that make my Christian character better.

It was very difficult within a year. I was so happy to have been attacking Satan for a few years before I warned him.

If Christian Jesus warned you about the parable. If you want to make great things to God and make a lasting difference in this world, you will actually be very expensive. If you're happy to be on the beach, there will not be too much war.

Origin and development of guidance and counseling in Tanzania schools

1.0. Overview

1.1. Background and History of School Counseling and the History of Primary School in School Practice and Other Environments

The history of school counseling began officially at the turn of the twentieth century, though the follow-up to the foundations of counseling and guidance was based on the philosophical teachings of ancient Greece and Rome, Plato and Aristotle. There are also some evidence that, in the Middle Ages, Catholic priests practiced the techniques and skills of modern counselors, as demonstrated by the commitment of the concept of confidential religion. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, Tomas Garzoni, Guez, W. & Allen, J. (2000) published Tomas Garzoni's Universal Map of Universities of the World (1626) as one of the first texts on career prospects. However, formal management programs using specialized textbooks started only at the turn of the twentieth century

. Counseling is a term that has long existed in Tanzania. We have recently tried to understand ourselves, advise and develop our potential, recognize the opportunities, and generally help ourselves in the way that formal counseling practices are used. In most communities, there was deeply embedded belief, and it is still within the context that people can help others with their problems in the right circumstances. Some people are helping others find solutions, solving or retrieving problems as Nwoye wrote (2009). At present, in schools, where cooperation between teachers and students is good, students learn in practice. Young people enhance their degree of freedom in their lives as they can and exploit opportunities. At best, help should enable people to lay down chains and effectively handle life situations. Unprecedented economic and social changes have changed our lives over the years. Consequently, all the lessons of the past can not effectively handle the challenges of modern times. Effective counseling, especially in the institutions of learning, has now become more important. Boys and girls, as well as young men and women, must be guided in the relationship between health and the environment, seeking skills, knowledge and attitudes that lead to the success and failure of life. The need for counseling has been of paramount importance in promoting the child's well-being. Effective guidance and counseling can help to improve the self-image of young people and to achieve progress in life. Counseling should authorize girls and boys to fully participate in and benefit from the economic and social development of the nation.

2.0. Definition of Terms

2.1. Guide

Guide is an action that shows the way for certain people, such as adolescents who do not find the right path. It controls, directs, guides and accompanies. The Guide says "Yes" to someone who asks for help. She says "Yes" to invite a man who wants a temporary partner for life.

Guidance gives guidance to the lonely, confused, moody, the suffering, the sick, and the lost. He points to thinking, feeling and acting. He led psychologically, emotionally and even spiritually to new ways of meaningful life. This is with fear and insecurity, with those who need someone along the rough road of life.

From an objective point of view, guidance is part of the counseling profession. It is called the directive advice. High schools and even college students need help if they do not know what decisions they can or in what direction. The counselor "opens" the electoral world for these people to choose. It's like showing the universe when everything a person sees the lonely planet Earth. The guidance counselor extends and widens the horizons of people who only see a narrow path or a hidden view on this path. Thus, the focus is on opportunities and choices.

Usually, instruction is done in schools. High school and college students require guidance and counseling in their school. More often than not, young people are not aware of what to do, how to react or respond, and how to act in certain decisions. When that happens, they need them older, wiser and more experienced to show them the way and guide them. It is the responsibility of this counseling adviser to extend assistance if needed to those who are confused, uncertain and need advice. However, some adults may need guidance.

2.2. Counseling:

Consultancy in Leadership and so on. This is a way of curing pain. It is both science and art. Science because it provides advice, counseling or assistance, the counselor must know the principles and techniques of counseling. The counselor should be able to use any of these principles and techniques as paradigms in order to provide advice. However, it is not enough to use these principles and techniques. Another important aspect is that the counselor can advise – the art of counseling. This aspect of counseling is a relationship, a sharing of life, in the hope that the injured person will heal. As a relationship, counseling involves physical, emotional, psychic or spiritual dimensions. The counselor should be able to have a good relationship with the counselor without being too intimate or too close to comfort or being too far away or far away. The emotional dimension of counseling includes empathy, sensitivity, and non-verbal signaling of counselors to understand uncompleted complexes or suppressed feelings. The psychic or spiritual dimension includes the counselor's "spiritual content" – within it. It is the interior of so-called personality. The counselor should receive the gift or pardon to see the inner world of the person, especially his state of mind, as this is very important in healing the pains of the patient. Other Definitions of Concepts

Biswalo (1996) defines guidance as a term used to signal a process of self-understanding and self-determination (self-determination) to maximize adaptation to your home, school, or community environment. However, this process depends on the advice. It also determines counseling as a process that helps an individual to accept and use information and advice to solve or cope with his current problem. He continues to note that sometimes the process helps the individual to accept an unacceptable situation, such as losing their loved ones and to somehow change the benefit rather than overcoming the situation. Guez and Allen (2000) noted that a single definition of counseling is difficult to consider. This is because the definitions of counseling depend on theoretical orientation. Counseling is a learning-oriented process that is usually an interactive relationship with a view to helping a person know more about me and using understanding that enables one to become an effective member of society. Counseling is a process by which a helper cares for the cares and concerns of a caregiver and facilitates the person's personal development and promotes change through self-knowledge. Counseling is the relationship between the person concerned and the person required. This relationship is usually a person-person, though sometimes more than two people may be affected. Designed to help people understand and clarify their views and learn how to reach their goals by meaningful, well-informed decisions and solving emotional or interpersonal problems. From these definitions, it can be seen that counseling can have different meanings.

3.0. The Origins of Guidance and Counseling Practice in the Pre-Colonial era

Tanzania's counseling has existed in the various forms and with different interpretations in society before the colonial era. Today's differences and contradictions come from the social and historical forces that have shaped a modern culture. In Tanzania, in all societies of people and at all times experiencing emotional or psychological anxiety and behavioral problems. Each culture was well-grounded in methods and methods to help people's problems. However, there is not enough written source about the origins of guidance and counseling in Tanzania schools. But as in other places before the colonial era, there were outstanding unique elements that could have lived together in the societies. Elements include an extensive family system, including clan and tribe, chief, taboos, various forms of initiation, and close contact with the ancestors and the elder.

The village is at the heart of society. While all these elements are important, only a few are used to illustrate the role of guidance and counseling in today's Tanzanian societies. Basically, traditional bosses had more roles, which included the authorities' authority and regulatory role. As these roles were accepted and respected by everyone, they showed a clear direction in the daily affairs of society. The elders, the boss, also provided valuable guidance and counseling for boys and girls. In most cases, the bosses maintained a vital relationship between the ancestors and the present generation. This relationship was confirmed by ritual rituals and taboos. It is easy to guide and advise young people, as rituals or ceremonies are also prepared to prepare for adult roles in society. The extended family, the clan and the village supported the society. No one liked the stranger. The counseling was easily attempted and ensured. Forms of counseling and counseling were given advice and shared wisdom

4.0. Practice of Guidance and Counseling in Tanzania Schools

4.1. Counseling and Counseling Practices in the Schools of Tanzania

In recognition of this, perhaps because we are thinking about concepts of schooling, we need to think about the importance of counseling in education. It is conceivable that the definitions and reports in the above guidance and counseling are directed to the educational area and are now correctly reported. Guez and Allen (2000) have pointed out that Truman Kelley founded the concept of educational counseling in Makinde (1988) in 1914, providing education services for students providing services that need assistance in important aspects of their education such as courses and study selection , choices of interest and abilities, and the choice of colleges and high schools. Educational counseling enhances the learner's knowledge of educational opportunities.

The increasingly complex composition of society in Tanzania, with social problems, such as HIV / AIDS and the rapid development of science and technology, poses serious demands on education. The school, as an important social institution, was obliged to adapt quickly to changing patterns and prepare citizens for tomorrow's challenges. This is where instruction and counseling in the education system helps boys and girls alike to develop their full capacity. These include intellectual, social, physical and moral abilities. This assistance is most important in Tanzania as long as the history and age of educational offerings and today's systems are present.

In Tanzania schools, the guidance and counseling practices come from the time of vocational training in the colonial period. In Tanzania, the process of creating consultancy services first had to understand the basic factors that affect people's beliefs and comments about such practices. However, he believed that he was not taken into account at that time and could take longer. It is especially important to understand economic, socio-political, religious beliefs, customs and traditions and cultural changes in the various regions of the country. Young people must be understood in this context, but also in the paradoxical situation of the traditional and modern world, but this is a big challenge in Tanzania and in many developing African countries. During the colonial period, there was some professional guidance under the Career Advice handled by career coaches. But the career masters chosen by the school principal did not have professional training in professional counseling. In fact, the obligation was limited to helping students by completing employment forms and typing applications. In missionary schools, professional counseling was confined to religious services. Teachers who are usually fathers, pastors, or have respected and directed the spiritually bent young people to be brothers, brothers, fathers and shepherds at the end of formal education.

Tanzania's schools and counseling were more or less private family affairs. Parents and relatives gave advice to their children in all areas of life management and problem solving. It is true that in many families the general duty of management was the traditional duty of family leaders, father, mother, uncle, aunts and grandparents. In the case of serious personal or family problems, counseling was specially organized by the community rather than in dealing with the problem. This is done without the knowledge of a formal or informal school system, but through experience and age based on collected wisdom. This kind of early counseling from school setting and community has helped young people live in society in the future.

4.2. Learning and Counseling Practices in Tanzania Schools in the Postcolonial Age

In many literatures and sources in Tanzania and some other African countries, counseling and counseling in the education sector is considered to be the youngest discipline. This was done on April 22-26, 2002. A first Africa Youth Advisory and Youth Development Conference held in Kenya, which showed that the Orientation, Advisory and Youth Development Program was held in April 1994 in Africa The First African African Conference on Girls' Education held in 1993 in Ouagadougou. It is designed to introduce or strengthen guidance and advice in African countries. It focuses on capacity building in the countries concerned and organizes trainings on both the regional and national levels for the management and advice of schools and dormitories.

In Tanzania schools we can call vocational guidance and counseling in 1984, the National Arusha Conference held in October 1984, where the government supported guidance and counseling that was an integral part of the country's education system (Biswalo, 1996). The purpose of the conference is to establish systematic criteria for guidance and counseling for high school students. The students were then advised, directed and advised on the selection of the job and the students for further training. This task was given to the career masters and lovers described below, but there was not enough counseling and advisory staff, not only in the responsible department but also in the schools.

Guidance and counseling has slowly become institutionalized and expanding with educational institutions. For example, schools need to take over the task of psychological support for boys and girls. However, Biswalo (1996) notes that in Tanzania policies for guidance and counseling are still missing. However, the Ministry of Education has somehow tried to name the services within the education system with career masters and lovers. He also said that the task of staff is to provide advice to secondary school leaders in order to select students for their jobs and to prepare for admission to further training; to help students understand and develop suitable jobs, training or training; to appreciate students' talents and abilities, and encourage them to help their careers or training in the most appropriate way and to help learners solve their personal problems that can affect their primary school development.

This is an impossible and realistic burden for unskilled personnel. This reflects the apathy of politicians and decision-makers in the new school management and counseling field; the strength of the myth of the intended workforce, in which career guidance is misunderstood as redundant and the lack of qualified staff who provide effective management and counseling services in schools. It is regrettable that, even after the October Arusha Conference on Confirmation of Tanzanian Tanks, where Government support and governmental services were an integral part of the country's education system, the services are still stained and ineffective in Tanzania's educational institutions. Such guidance and counseling is discussed at various primary, secondary and tertiary level by various scientists.

5.0. Guidance and Counseling Practices in Primary and Secondary Schools

In Tanzania, primary school levels were actually and there are no teacher-advisors for specific students. However, teachers themselves have to decide what action to do, as there are no programmed or timed activities for guidance and counseling. Teachers need to use some of the teaching to practice guidance and counseling in and outside the classroom, although not all teachers have gone through a teacher-counselor training. As children go to school, they need to find out about the school, the environment, the school community and the curriculum to encourage and develop the positive attitude of learning and school communities (Biswalo, 1996). As students are older and pass through different degrees, they should focus on studying skills, tackling learning difficulties and other school problems. But this activity does not happen systematically in elementary schools in Tanzania

There is not enough programmed or time-based management and counseling system for high schools yet. In some cases, this task is disciplined by the masters, sometimes by department heads and school leaders. At high school level, students want to look for educational opportunities, all kinds of information, and any other help for educational purposes. These needs are provided by educational counseling and counseling (ibid). At this level, students are assisted by subject choice, study techniques and tests and examinations. Biswalo (1996) has pointed out that sometimes in the material selection of prestigious rivers, such as in science, as many students as possible are proud of the students' actual abilities, interests and attitudes. He said that this unfortunate situation was born in secondary schools because of the lack of genuine education counseling and counseling services.

The school plays an important role in preparing students for continuing secondary education, paid employment, self-employment and life in the community, as clearly defined by the Ministry of Education in the objectives of the high school curriculum. In a unique way, pupils, teachers and parents can fully agree, as some schools focus on preparing for further education, particularly with regard to academic knowledge and the pursuit of success in national trials. That is, high schools where counseling is inadequate place little emphasis on creating a responsible attitude towards citizenship and local, regional or national community life and employment opportunities. However, the informal sector, which includes self-employment, needs to be emphasized in the formal sector, with implicit emphasis on white-collar workplaces.

5.1. Professional, Career Counseling and Counseling

In Tanzania, teachers are able to directly influence students' career prospects. The results and attitudes of students were related to the characteristics and results of their teacher (World Bank, 1995, Nyutu, P.N., and Norman C.G., 2008). However, the impact of the school depends on what formal interaction and communication is between students' students and students, while television and radio work through informal interactions between students. The influence of parents and siblings is both formal and informal

In most cases, it can be in Tanzania and other states where management and counseling rarely occur in schools; parents play a major role in influencing their children's career. Those with a lower qualification, eg. Teachers, officials, drivers, personal secretaries, soldiers, etc. They do not expect their children to follow up because the children with higher levels of learning sometimes seemed to be narrow and incomplete with interest. However, it is suggested that the parents' occupation may influence their children's choice of career, but it is with children who have a general skill in such workplaces and some have job skills that are relevant to workplaces. Access to information through media and other forms of technology is the aspirations of young people who can not largely be content in their own environment. It must be chosen and young people need to acquire the skills to assess situations and make informed choices. Young people in Tanzania do not have a natural, comprehensible order from birth to adulthood.

Provides secondary vocational guidance, but very few because of the lack of school or vocational counselors. With this type of counselor, students are helping fortunate schools, but vocational training is not emphasized because most students, teachers, and of course parents, force students to have long-term learning plans to prepare for the planned career. These counselors are designed with school leaders and teachers to provide students with special skills or disabilities with appropriate placement.

5.2. Higher Level

Higher degree students have orientation and other education counseling and counseling. In Tanzania, higher education institutions at least satisfied the needs of both qualified psychologists and university scholars for qualified students, although their number was low. Here, consultants play a major role in gathering comprehensive information about all aspects of a training career in the institution. Advisers sometimes integrate into the administrative or practical class to organize students' practice and are even more rarely associated with appropriate employment agencies (Biswalo, 1996).

6.0. The concept of guidance and counseling in Tanzania

According to Sima's (2004) research, vocational counseling is still unknown in Tanzania and in several African countries as a separate occupation. However, the emergence and adjustment of HIV / AIDS in the country has strengthened the basis of counseling. This is especially so because of the multifaceted nature of the HIV / AIDS pandemic, attention, unlike other human diseases, goes beyond the prerogative of the medical profession. Thus, counseling is a key way of preventing HIV infection, providing adequate and relevant information and social and psychological support for people who are infected and affected by the pandemic. Ibid continued to say that a number of non-governmental organizations have been providing counseling services since the pandemic has emerged, but there is no clarity about the type and nature of the advisory services. The nature and characteristics of consulting clients are also fuzzy.

In Tanzania, the aforementioned professional counseling is a relatively new phenomenon. Sima (2004) cited Outwater (1995) notes that before the HIV / AIDS epidemic there was no formal counseling service in Tanzanian hospitals, professional counselors and formal counseling systems. It was necessary to fill this gap without providing as many counselors as possible to provide optimal care for AIDS patients and relatives (NACP, 1989, quoted in ibid). Since then, numerous para-professional consultants have been trained in basic skills and counseling skills. At present, there are many counseling centers not only for HIV / AIDS issues, but also for Tanzanian problems. However, since counseling has become popular with the emergence of HIV / AIDS, many people assume that they are only infected by HIV / AIDS and patients and are afraid of being labeled (Sima, 2002, cited by Sima 2004).

7.0. Problems and Challenges

The Tanzanian Government has not yet defined guidance and advice on educational policy issues, despite the fact that schools are crucial and necessary. Biswalo (1996) pointed out that in Tanzania policies for guidance and counseling are still lacking. He continued that efforts to meet the needs of guidance and counseling are obviously hampered by a number of difficulties, including financial resources, to promote well-established small counseling activities for more than one school. In Tanzania, counseling is a relatively new phenomenon so far. There is not enough qualified counselor in schools and other educational institutions. At the same time, there are a limited number of qualified counselors, or are not used well in schools, or are doing other activities rather than what they have been trained. Some of the school counselors are teachers and are fully engaged in teaching tasks. Surprising advice is a key way of preventing HIV infection in providing relevant and relevant information and social and psychological support for HIV / AIDS infected and affected people (Sima, 2004). Slow growth in education systems due to lack of funds, training opportunities and large turnover of consultants for green pastures and suitably qualified advisers. For example, many schools lack counseling offices, trained teacher counselors and counseling tools. A források tekintetében számos lehetőség van a pénzügyi korlátok enyhítésére. Különleges iskolák a rászoruló szülők nevében megközelíthetik a nem kormányzati szervezeteket.

A Tanzániában működő szilárd szakmai tanácsadói szövetség hiánya a megfelelő gyakorlatra vonatkozó előírások meghatározása egy másik kihívás (Nwoye, 2008). A tanzániai főiskolák és egyetemek szakmai tanácsadói képzési programjainak elégtelensége is egy újabb kihívást jelent.

Nincsen erőfeszítés a tanácsadói tanterv kidolgozására a középiskolákban és főiskolákban, valamint az egyetemeken a tanácsadási és tanácsadási tanfolyamokon. Az útmutatás tantervét és a válaszadó szolgáltatásokat úgy lehet strukturálni, hogy foglalkozzon az öt tartalmi területen, nevezetesen az emberi kapcsolatokkal, a karrierfejlesztéssel, a társadalmi értékekkel, az önfejlesztéssel és a tanulási készségekkel. Iránymutató tananyagot lehet tanítani a különböző szintű hallgatóknak vagy kis csoportokba, hogy foglalkozzanak velük hasonló kérdésekkel. Ahhoz, hogy útmutatásokat és tanácsadási programokat biztosítson Tanzániában, szakképzett szakembereket kell alkalmazni az iskolákban való menedzselésre és szolgáltatásnyújtásra. Az ilyen szakembereknek rendelkezniük kell a vonatkozó létesítményekkel és a strukturális támogatással. Ugyanakkor az egyetemek és a tanárképző intézményeknek olyan szakmai programokat kell kialakítaniuk és fejleszteniük, amelyek szakmai tanári tanácsadókat és más irányító személyzetet képeznek

Még mindig nem elegendő a felsőoktatási intézményekben való segítségnyújtás annak érdekében, hogy a diákok elérhessék karrierlehetőségeiket. A mai hallgatók azonban arra utalnak, hogy magasabb igény mutatkozik a pályaorientációra, mint a diákok az elmúlt évtizedben. Ezért a hallgatóknak nagyobb szükségük van arra, hogy megfelelő szakmai információkat szerezzenek, amelyek lehetővé teszik számukra, hogy jobb fizetett munkahelyeket keressenek. Sok iskola a múltban kinevezett néhány tanárt, mint karrier-mestert anélkül, hogy a szükséges pályaorientációs képzést és felszereléseket biztosítaná. Az ilyen karrier-mesterek általában azt feltételezik, hogy minden egyetemista egyetemistákon végződik, és csak arra koncentrál, hogy segítse a hallgatókat az egyetemi pályázati formák teljesítésében. Itt az ideje, hogy a kormány olyan politikát alakítson ki és hajtson végre, amely elősegíti az általános iskoláknak a felsőoktatásra való irányítását és tanácsadását, és olyan szakmai programokat fog kidolgozni, amelyek a szakmai tanári tanácsadókat és más irányító személyzetet képeznek

. Következtetés

Az útmutatás és tanácsadás célja, hogy felkészítse a tanulókat az iskolai programjukba, hogy a megfelelő munka világába lépjen, az iskolai tanterv és a foglalkoztatás összekapcsolásával. Ahhoz, hogy az iskola sikeres legyen ebben a törekvésben, a tantárgyakat kellemes és kényelmes környezetben kell tanítani, és a tanulók számára fontosnak és érdekesnek kell lenniük. Egy másik tényező, amelyet figyelembe kell venni, olyan kompetens tanárok felvétele, akik képesek arra, hogy irányítsák és tanácsot adjanak a tanulóknak a munkaerőpiacon tanítottakhoz. Amit tanítanak és hogyan tanítják, nagy hatással lehetnek a tanulók érdeklődésére és észlelésére. In Tanzania the spirit to plan and use guidance and counseling services in the effective development and utilization of their respective young human resources is evidently strong. However, as Biswalo (1996) said the efforts directed towards fulfilling this need are apparently thwarted by several difficulties. It appears total and enlightened commitment on the part of policy and decision makers is necessary and should be definitely surmount the problems.

The emergence of career development in western countries as a construct suggests that it may be an essential area in developing country like Tanzania where students need assistance; students particularly need assistance in selecting colleges and courses. To this end, the schools should offer a career guidance and counseling programme under the able leadership of qualified school counselors.

I thought I wanted to get away with my husband, but I'll miss it – Tips and advice that can help

I get many emails from women who have doubts or concerns about divorce. Many people thought they were okay or even wanted to divorce earlier, but now that her husband is not so close and reality has started to quit, there are doubts as well. Often there are people who say things like, "Do I have to tell her that she misses her or just admit it's too late?" or "Are these feelings normal, just because divorce is so definitive? Will they finally go?"

Well, I can not see the future, but I can tell you that whenever you have any doubts and whispering little whispering whispering to your mind, surely not hurting at least is open to the idea of ​​silence. Because the restlessness and the unpleasant feeling will only happen if you are completely satisfied and are in a peaceful position. Of course, divorce has huge, final, enormous consequences. You would not be normal if you did not feel uneasy. But her husband misses (and suspects you might want to go back) something else. I will discuss in more detail the following article.

The distance will actually be able to increase the vacuum: People often do not believe me when I tell them that time and distance actually make the connection better. Therefore, when people write and say that their spouse wants "a place," I usually tell them to give it. Because it allows your spouse to miss it. Quiet and calm thinking allows a more rational mindset. Anger and tension will calm down because there is no longer any interference, and loneliness allows both sides to objectively examine the situation (and any part that he has played in). So you know it's actually quite common to see the situation differently when you have had some time and distance. Just because he misses it does not mean that we will have problems: I am a huge supporter of marriage saving. Even more so when one party is beginning to experience the old feelings or begin to acknowledge the emptiness of being left without the other person. So, I fully believe that if you have those feelings you should keep it at least open to think a little bit about where you want to do it, not about closing the door.

But when I say this to women, they often tell me things like, "It's okay, I really miss her, but there are still huge problems in this marriage. Good intentions are one thing, but reality is another. It may be that the time and distance I'm constantly knocking on has helped you see things in a new light And I'll tell you a little secret, many times, people, who are trying to save the marriage before the car in front of the horse. Focusing at the core of emotions as a matter of trying the problem immediately: What I mean by "putting a basket in the horse" is that people often overwhelm their fingers, and commit themselves to working on "marriage." The problem is that by the time most people reach this point, they are disconnected already they are not deeply tied up and are more than a bit annoyed at each other. Solving problems is difficult, but when they do not feel deeply in touch, love and intimacy, they are trying to reach a moving target. It just does not seem fun enough.

Instead, I often tell people first to try to restore some positive feelings between you. Do not worry that you are trying to determine where you are going, whether you are reconciling or reunited. Do not put this pressure on you. Rather let him miss you, tell him if you decide and focus on spending time together to see what's happening. Do not worry what's coming. Just know that this person is a very important factor in your life and you want to see that maybe some time will bring light to the fact that things can change potentially.

You do not have to talk deeply about why it went wrong. In fact, I would avoid this. Just focus on light-hearted interactions that do not allow much pressure, but offer lots of fun. You're trying to see if there's a chance to baby's progress. Have a meeting on the other. This scenario should not take long to make it clear enough where you are. But at least you have the chance to know at the end of the day that you've done everything and you do not ignore the feelings that desperately try to get your attention.

Six Human Values

People need different things to live in this world. However, nothing in this world is available for free. Everything is a price, and one has to pay the right price to make them happy. However, we value things according to our needs and needs depend on the basis of our value system.

First, there are basic needs like food, water, air, shelter, and clothing without which body survival is not possible. However, as these needs are fulfilled, one commits himself to satisfying his higher needs than the need for social needs, security needs or self-fulfillment.

However, not every person follows the same path, the particular values ​​of the person. These inherent values ​​are obtained through the nature of man and his care. The impact of family, society, nation and individual makes it unique for all people as it creates a unique value system. These values ​​determine the person's priority and lifestyle. Values ​​value personality and individual, family, society, nation, and humanity.

1. Individual values ​​

The most common value of a person is individualist, which means that I appreciate yours over any other world. This is also the most natural value for everyone in the world. The animals live for themselves, without the excitement of other animals. The only exception would be the mother who cares for the child's animal until the child is sufficiently grown to support himself.

The modern world is increasingly moving towards individualistic values ​​where the interest of the individual is most "right" and everything else is to be protected. Individualist value supports freedom, as it believes that every person has the right to decide what is good for them.

Each child begins with unique values ​​and wants everything in the world for her and wants everyone to serve her. When the child's need is not satisfied, he cries and does everything he can to satisfy the need

. Family Values ​​

The human race can be the strongest species on earth, but it is also true that the human species is the weakest species. A human child does not learn to spend another year. If a man's only child can leave his life, he can not survive. Supporting the family is necessary for the growth of all human children. That is why the human race invented the concept of the family during the year, which lives as a unit and supports the newborn child until it is strengthened to support itself.

The concept of family has created a family where the family is viewed as the basic unit of society rather than the individual. The family has the right and power to direct the other member of the family. In a family system, family members share their work so that each member performs complementary functions rather than performing the same tasks. For example, the father acquires livelihoods and protects the family that is the strongest member of the family. The mother takes care of the family by cooking a meal, cleaning her house and children. The children involved receive these benefits free of charge from their parents, but they have a family duty to provide the same benefits to their children. Thus, the family ensures the continuity of the value and tradition of the family.

In the family system, the interests of all members of the family are protected by an unwritten law as love and trust govern the family's sole control. Parents do not earn any personal gain when they give something to their children. Children also recognize the parents' contribution to building their lives and not only provide the same benefits to their own children but also to their parents when they grow old.

Full family values ​​are maintained on the basis of tradition and trust.

However, when family values ​​are strong, it results in a reduction in individual freedom and a reduction in individual values. Everyone has to think of the family first and the second one. This often kills man's creativity, as he must never think independently. Professional Values ​​

Society is not only composed of families that are natural but also of origin that have been artificially created to meet the specific requirements of society. The government is one of the most important organizations that have been created to create order in society. The government is divided into other classes, such as police, revenue, defense, etc. What are needed to make the country united and protect against external aggression. There are a number of organizations organized by individuals or corporations that produce and serve products for the nation and the world's people.

Everyone has to join in to make a living and contribute to society. These organizations have been designed to serve the special function of society and therefore need a set of values ​​that are motivated and united to all members of the organization.

Thus, man's vocation creates a value system. The values ​​of the police officer differ from the values ​​of the judge or the politician. Each occupation has its own value system, which often contradicts the values ​​of the other profession. However, these values ​​are necessary to bring the professionals together and deliver their expectations. National Values ​​

The world is divided into many countries today, and each country is sovereign and independent. However, in recent years, countries have started to behave as family members, as independence gradually replaces interdependence in globalizing economies. If China is the world's manufacturing center, India has become the center of world outsourcing and outsourcing, from which it offers the various services to the world. The Arab world is an oil producer for the world and the United States has taken a leading role in creating knowledge and information technology for the world. Each country gradually becomes a specialist in a particular task and meets the requirements of other countries.

Thus, as individuals and families have to compete and complement each other to survive in society, each nation must compete and complement the rest of the world. In order to make the nation stronger, citizens have to cultivate certain types of values ​​that make the country not one million people or billions of individuals or families, but as a family.

As a result of independence, each country develops certain values ​​that are constantly evolving over time. The values ​​of the nation represent its popularity, history and experience since its creation. India and China are thousands of years old, while the values ​​of newly established nations such as the United States, Israel, Australia and Pakistan are fairly new.

National values ​​are often codified for the laws and for all citizens of justice. These laws have a wide diversity, as the requirements of each country differ. Breach of national values ​​treats criminal offenses punishable by the state. Thus, countries with strong national values ​​greatly enforce their laws, as the country's interest is kept in the interest of the individual. Moral Values ​​

While the legal values ​​of a country or society are documented and enforced, they are not sufficient for the smooth functioning of the state. The ideal state is where the state does not have to enforce laws, as citizens voluntarily follow the laws of the earth. However, this is rarely the case, because all state laws are made up of powerful people or those who influence influential people. These mighty people ensure that the laws are drafted rather than in favor of the masses and not for the masses. Thus, the implementation of laws in a time that creates extremely powerful and wealthy people while the majority population lives in the lives of misfortune and poverty.

However, the disparities and injustices created by the law are greatly reduced to the prevalence of moral values ​​within society, which do not need to be codified in the statutes. But moral values ​​are passed on from one generation to another. For example, the sanctity of the institution of marriage in India keeps the divorce rate at a minimum, despite the fact that in the statutes, as in any other Western country, divorce is ensured. Moral laws are implemented jointly by society. Just as every person wants to love and respect society, moral values ​​are often stronger than men to go along the right path as legitimate enforcement. Spiritual Values ​​

The values ​​adopted by men create exclusivity in humans, as these values ​​are different for every society and for every human being. Values ​​are thus a source of conflicts in the world, as all people or nations strongly believe in their values ​​right. However, these values ​​are not constant and transient, which varies over time and space. The values ​​of the current generation are not the same as the values ​​of the previous generation.

Yet there is something in every value that will never change. It has remained the same for many years of human evolution. These values ​​are eternal because they never change. Hence, these values ​​are often referred to as spiritual or divine values ​​as they will never die and their origin is unknown.

These Intellectual Values ​​

Intellectual values ​​are often attributed to God and are called divine calls. Spiritual values ​​include love, compassion, justice, truth, and so on. The nature of man is to accept these values ​​regardless of religion, race, culture or nationality. These values ​​are so universal that every person seems to have understood it without having learned it.

Spiritual values ​​unite people in this world. Because of these intellectual values, we want justice and we do not see injustice in this world. The feelings of love and compassion are interwoven with all obstacles to religion, race and nationality. Spiritual values ​​can not be eliminated from man and they are universal. The Conflict of Values ​​

No man can have only one value system and every human being has all the values. However, the determining value is different in every human being born in a particular family, culture, religion or nationality. Values ​​also vary with the person's age, varying from the same person to the individual to the family. When a person grows up and gains her life, she has to work in a certain profession where she develops her professional values. National values ​​are embedded in people because of the common values ​​of citizens. However, as men are older, they will become more spiritual and develop mental values. Thus, all six values ​​always prevail in all societies that move and unite society.

Foundation management qualifications

When you start your career in any business sector, whether it is a private, public or non-profit sector or entrepreneurship, it is imperative to have a strong foundation in your business and management skills. The goal is not to provide you with expert-level expertise, such as Human Resources, Finance, and Quality Management. Rather, it is a loud, comprehensive knowledge of key business and management areas.

The two results must be the result of this type of learning. Firstly, you will have enough knowledge and awareness on a number of disciplines to effectively contribute to the activities and discussions in these areas. Secondly, you have enough information to make a decision about which specialty to specialize, or if you decide to remain generalist in which areas to undertake further studies.

For those who are just starting out or working in the first few years, selecting the first introductory course is a critical step. If the chosen course and qualification are not the most appropriate, then this can have a very negative impact on the early stages of student career development. Despite the apparent appeal of glamorous and "cutting edge" titles such as "E Business", "Network Technology", "Systems Analysis" and "Website Design", one of your main learning opportunities is in most cases harmful may. Potential employers, and the present, will not be impressed with such qualification titles. Even in niche business sectors, such as the internet or designs, employers will be more impressed by young applicants who have a solid, comprehensive, comprehensive understanding of the key functional areas of business. Experience, talent, and special skills in technical areas are, of course, very valuable, but most employers are looking for people who are able to contribute to the major operational activities. For example, consider designing a web site. Unless you plan and 100% sure this is where your career takes you, as this is a study opportunity, it's a waste of time. Learn Dreamweaver, yes. Do you plan to design a website as a field of study in the foundation business course? No.

It is equally important in this respect for job and career changes. In today's business, it is now accepted that most young people at work often change their jobs and change their careers or business spheres at least four times. With so much change in direction, it is only good for first-time trainee qualifications to study and classify key business areas. Then, in case of a change to a new role or a job search in another business sector, broad-based certification and study content are a tool. You will have experience of your time in other areas, but your qualifications will be relevant to the new one.

Case Study: Higher National Certificate and Diploma. The UK's most respected foundation qualification is Higher National, which is the commitment of HNC and Higher National Diploma HND, both of which are Edexcel BTEC, a recognized certification body. I will use these qualifications to demonstrate how critical your choices are on your study opportunities. HNC is the introductory course that is essential for the student, but it is essential to know the critical business functions. You can choose from a number of "special" titles, such as "E-Business Strategy", "Information Technology", "Jog" and "Marketing". However, I firmly argue that for the majority of students who start working in the world, the best solution is far from HNC Business and Management.

Although esoteric titles may look attractive, it is worse than gaining student attractiveness for employers, and in some cases it will be a huge disappointment as the content is irrelevant and obsolete. Consideration should be given to options that complement basic key business and management areas such as business decision making, business strategy and quality management. The student is then provided with a wealth of knowledge sets and understanding of all areas involved in everyday activities. The same argument applies to HND's Higher National Diploma, which has been recognized as equivalent in the first two years of Bachelor's degree. This can be considered as an independent course or as a progress of the HNC. In both cases, the best solution is HND Business (Management). Once again, the selected areas have to be included in major areas such as quality management, project management, or finance.

Although it is tempting to hold a course that includes exciting or current learning opportunities or a qualification that puts a glamorous emphasis on the title, this is not the best choice for a foundation business qualification. The knowledge of professionals needs to be acquired a bit later, but the first step is to obtain a qualification that shows that it is understandable and effective in contributing to basic, fundamental areas. This first qualification remains in the early stages of professional development and is visible to all who appreciate your potential. So you have to prove that when you decide that you have made a conscious decision on the core business knowledge of your business and that you provide the most effective foundation for knowledge that you can start your business in the business world.

Create a large foundation with your Foundation

Many believe the foundation is just another element of makeup and nothing more. It is assumed that its foundation is because its pores are clogged, its face becomes dry or oily, and the foundation usually adds an extra unnecessary wrinkle to your face.

However, this is not true. Of course, if you choose a wrong basis, sometimes the oily skin and the dry skin, then you can still dry the skin.

Therefore, you should choose the right type of base for the skin type and apply it correctly. This will transform your basics from a makeup layer to a layer of protection.

Like a lip balm on a hard winter day, it can work as a good basic protective coating to help protect your skin from harsh elements in everyday life. Sun, wind, cold weather and other environmental elements can damage the skin, but a good foundation can easily help prevent damage.

If you're looking for a new shade, find out that the color in the bottle or priming tube is not always the color on your face. That's why you need to look at the basics and mix them in your skin to see what they really are.

Always try the foundation on your face, not your hand or your wrist. This is because your face is of a different shade than your hands and wrists. After applying a small amount to your face, wait a few minutes to get the Foundation a chance to fit dry and skin.

You will know that he has chosen the best foundation when he found that the shadow really disappears on his face.

If you still find it stuck to the basic shades, the best option is to pick the somewhat darker dark shades.

Choosing the foundation with a little yellow is likely to promote your facial expression. This is because yellow based funds work well for everyone. Yellow minimizes the redness of your skin, which may be due to tinnitus, aging or broken capillaries.

If you have a dry skin, you can easily apply it to the foundation, otherwise it may emphasize the dryness of your skin.

Before using the primer, always use a moisturizer first. A good, light wetting agent can help to block moisture and allow smoother application of foundation.

Use a cosmetic sponge to apply the foundation. This makes it easier to look and how professional makeupers get the best results.

When you apply your foundation, start at the center of your face and forehead. From these places you can blend your face with soft hairs and get smoother look and even coverage.

If you find that you need more coverage, wait for the first application to be dry and then apply another layer. Keep the foundation with you if you find that you need to re-apply it during the day.

Great way to lay the foundation and reach polished appearance with loose powder with soft brush. This technique is also a professional make-up artist.

After selecting the right background color, you may want a little extra color on your face. You can easily achieve this by fine brushing, for example, with a pink or berry shade. Make your choice depending on your skin color. The right color helps you to uncover your face and give you a fresh look.

Always keep in mind that the skin tone changes with the seasons, so be sure to adjust the basics to the seasons. For example, some people are darker in summer and become lighter in winter.

Following these tips, you need to have a solid foundation, no time for which you and your skin on your face would be great and feel great!

Add a trademark from the beginning to the end

Launching a website / business involves luggage that can be quite difficult, especially for individuals who have little experience with the many legal elements of starting a business. Because of the limited budget, they had been forced to handle some rather frightening tasks. One of the most difficult tasks was to protect our business by registering a trademark. The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) may be an intimidating entity. They have the power to approve or deny the trademark entry, which, if denied, may result in extra costs instead of surplus funds. For the purpose of research, attention to detail and purpose, the registration of your own trademark is not the dream of a pipe;

Of course, getting the trademark attorney's lawyer is always the safest option if you spend thousands of dollars to cover the costs. Nevertheless, I am willing to accept that many starters are there that simply can not afford the added burden in their pocketbook. If you come to the conclusion that you can not afford a lawyer, this article is written for you and hopefully provides an overview of the entire process of trademark registration.

Even in the absence of a lawyer, you must still be prepared to pay $ US $ 350.00 to $ 1,500 for USPTO filing fees. There is a reason why costs may change so much; this depends on how many classes you need to register. When writing this article, the prize / prize is USD 325.00 per class (please follow the second link at the end of the article to find the actual tariff package). A class or more precisely is used to identify goods or services of your trademark / business. Some businesses offer products or services that can not be adequately covered by a single class when costs can indeed be exchanged. It should also be noted that the trademark can be regarded as a service mark, subject to the registration of the service.

Unfortunately, the cost of registering a trademark is not the only problem. In the USPTO, fine people are meticulous with the details (for good reason) and offer little room for the mistakes. If you notice any critical errors in your application, you may find that you will be eligible for the registration / registration fees that are not refundable. The first step is to review all the information that the USPTO offers on its website. After feeling comfortable with your review, look for the TESS database for similar logos / signs and similar names. If you have trademarks that would suggest similar similarities, talk to a lawyer or conduct further research before continuing because it represents additional variables that you did not encounter during my trademark application.

After reviewing and ensuring that there are no similar registered trademarks, it is time to conduct more research. The best advice is if I search for similar businesses and / or websites with the TESS search engine who successfully registered their trademarks and reviewed the information they use to register them. In any case, I would not recommend you to copy your data (this is illegal and more than likely, meaningless), just use it as a tool to make sure it is in the right direction. I would not let you look at the trademark of a similar company, let's look at some. I will focus two things on the research. First, pay special attention to the writing style of the descriptions, keeping in mind the specific terminology and see the descriptive description; if their trademark was approved, they should have been correct. Second, you can use similar businesses to help narrow down a class or classes for your application.

There are two basic formats for trademark registration: standard character and stylized. The standard character format is for the entry of words only, not supported by any special font or design. The standard character format was used when signing up, "the disputes have never been so fun," slogan. The stylized format is used for the name / logo thanks to the unique design of the logo and because of its special trademarks and illustrations as part of the trademark. The latter is obviously much harder to register because of the strict details required to meet the requirements set by the USPTO. If your trademark requires stylized registration, I strongly suggest that you add an extra mile to the trademark descriptor. In my opinion, it is better to cover all the details in detail than it is too loose with its descriptions and leave space for questions.

If you're like me, you're probably going to have a quick turn around for hundreds of dollars to buy for the fork; think again. I am sure the USPTO is very busy and the data they manage is very detailed and very important to many individuals and companies alike. However, I was rather shocked when it turned out that the timing was done three to six months before the investigating lawyer even examined my application. It took about two and a half months for an investigating lawyer to look at our application. It is also estimated that the whole process runs from thirteen to sixteen months from the announcement to the final registration. Acting without a lawyer can be a very painful and worrying expectation; whether everything has been correctly entered.

After your lawyer reviews your lawyer, you grant or refuse to officially post the USPTO's official journal. If approved, you will be given the date of publication of the trademark at which time a 30-day waiting period is available. At this time, anyone who is protected by trademark registration is entitled to turn to the USPTO. I suppose a good analogy now or forever keeps the peace.

After we waited patiently for five and a half months by the end of the day, their logo was published in the Official Gazette. If there was one thing I had learned so far, it was never to be expected that the USPTO would happen from one day to the next. Thirty days of patience came and gone and I heard two months ago. I guess I was expecting the USPTO to thank me for a congratulatory party as my trademark, but not. Actually, I did not receive email, it turned out that our trademark was finalized by checking the status of the USPTO website. Anyway, it feels good to know that 252 days of my life is not waste. Finally, I got a nice registration certificate from the USPTO, which I will bring and place in my office reminding me of the ending of the difficult task. I hope this article helps you to convince you of what to expect when you embark on an important, yet time-consuming way of registering a trademark.

  • first day – Trademark Application Submitted

  • 85th day – Legal Aid Examination (LIE)

  • 117th day – Mandate of Contractor

  • 123rd day – Approved for publication (Initial Exam)

  • 165th day – Released to the opposition (Official Gazette)

  • 25th day – Trademark Notice Completed

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