History of Power and Conditioning Science

Early record of effort goes back to BC 3600 when Chinese emperors practiced their objects daily (Webster 1976). The subjects of the Chou dynasty were obliged to gain weight before entering the army. There is a great deal of evidence that weight training was part of the life of ancient Greece and India. It is a fact that the Greeks raised a lot of stone stones that raised stone

Over the years, several training systems have been proposed. The accumulation of experience and the different philosophies lead us to current training methods. Keep in mind; many authorities have greatly changed the original purpose of strength and conditioning. Hard work and commitment were the foundation of previous training methods. Nowadays, the opposite has happened in many places, because the easy work and the quick fixes are the basis of most people.

The XVI. Sir Thomas Elyot published his book on the subject in 1531 in England. In 1544, Joachim Camerius, a professor at the University of Leipzig, wrote several books in which he suggested that weight training be one of the most important activities of the model school. In 1728, John Paugh published a book entitled "The physiological, theoretical and practical training on the usefulness of exercising muscles for the repair of limbs", which highlighted the benefits of weight exercises for rehabilitation purposes. In the 1860s Archibald Maclaren, the British Army, developed the first formal exercise system with dumbbells and dumbbells.

The 19th century show shows and amplifiers have greatly contributed to the methods used in the fitness and sports conditioning industry. David Webster is a credible research historian, crediting the Italian circus and fair performer Felice Napoli, who has promoted international performances. Napoli's students: Professor Attila (Louis Durlacher) and Eugen Sandow (Frederick Muller). Attila is well known and has attracted the world's best-known physical cultureists and many European rulers. The list of students is King of Greece, King of England, King Edward Frederick, Crown Prince Frederick, who became Haakon of Norway, six children of Queen Queen of Denmark, Queen Alexandra of Queen of England, Princess Dagmar (Empress of Russia and mother of Russia). Tsar Nicholas) and Princess Cumberland.

The training of the rich was at that time a highly respected profession. Today is what we call a personal trainer. The current protocols used by the majority of today's instructors are far from the original teachings and benefits provided by the instructors. The reputation and reputation of the instructors of such days is the result of the public display of extraordinary physical fraud. These events were often used and appreciated for promoting physical well-being.

Eugen Sandow, who was born in Koningsberg in Eastern Russia in 1867, was recruited by presidents and rulers from all over the world. Nine kings and queens and many European princes, as well as William Taft and Woodrow Wilson, US Presidents, supported the Book of Life, Movement of Life. Sandow was successful as well as a formal fitness and health manager. He stressed that physical education and sport should be an integral part of the school system. He studied the world in promoting and promoting physical culture as a means of improving the quality of life.

Most authorities have recognized Sandow as one of the most important forms of fitness history, revealing the history of his work that the modern phenomenon of science-based fitness training is not a new invention. Sandow promoted the importance of strength and skill as the cornerstone of fitness. Half a century later, Dr. Kenneth Cooper suggested that the fit depends primarily on aerobic conditioning. Approximately 25 years later, academics once again recognized the important role of reinforcement training

In Russia, in the same period, Krayevsky Vladislav founded the St. Petersburg Amateur Weightlifting Society (1885). Many honored scientists, athletes; artists became his disciples, including George Hackenschmidt's renowned forces, who taught Kryevsky to know everything he knew. Hackenschmidt mentioned in his book The Way of Life that one of the world's most powerful men, including Sandow, was trained with Krayevsky's

Kryevsky's work and the popularity of his students were greatly influenced by Russia's weight lifting. He was not only a famous teacher but also a significant number of dumbbells. In 1898, he was president of the jury at the Vienna World Championship.

Krayevsky wrote two basic creations in 1896-1899. The article titled “Catechism of the Athletes' Health Regulations and the Development of Physical Power with Kettlebells and Kettlebells”. The catechism of the athletes' health rules was pressed on December 9, 1899, but was never published and is now kept in manuscript form. His second book was published in 1900 and printed three times (1902, 1909, 1916) (1901).

Kryevsky was well studied in the history of physical culture and all forms of gymnastics. He was aware of the knowledge and therapeutic benefits of the Swedish gymnastics, but he was able to recruit experimental experts due to his lack of scientific knowledge of the Swedish system.

Many of Krayevsky's recommendations are still in use today. Their suggestions include monitoring the athlete's health, consistent training and changing load patterns, full-spectrum physical development, psychological development, and smoking and alcohol avoidance.

kettlebells, dumbbells, dumbbells, odd-shaped bars, thick grips, weighted boots, insulating machines, and various throwing devices. Even 50 years later, many people claimed to have invented this machine. In today's industry, many systems and people support new systems that are not new at all.

The evolution of the various scientific and educational cultures divided the West and the East, as the promotion of physical activity was vaguely different. In the years following the World Wars, Russia and Europe continued to support the various elements of physical strength, power and skill, while the West primarily supported aerobics. Kenneth Cooper's Aerobics book was popular at the time, as well as Swedish endurance research. According to Cooper and Swedish researchers, cardiovascular health depends primarily on long-term durability work. The supporters of durability science strongly protested about the strength training. Cooper said that a world-class coach supported a beautiful body but did nothing for health. the results of their programs. Most schools suggested weightlifting, and in the last few decades, there were about 1 million weightlifters in the Soviet Union. Effort has played a key role in all sports training programs in the Soviet Union, while western attitudes have been that weight training slows athletes and limits their room for maneuver. Consequently, Russia dominated the Olympic Games, especially in Olympic weightlifting, while aerobic teaching became a gospel in the West.

Russian dominance has often been attributed to the use of anabolic androgenic drugs, but the use of these sports first introduced drugs in the West. It is probably more accurate to say that the Eastern nations dominate their understanding of their special strengths and comprehensive sports conditioning. In drug use, no one uses more drugs than Pro bodybuilders, who are predominantly Americans. In most cases, aerobic fitness disorder dominates, but it is a minor part of fitness. Everyone needs to look at science and abundant evidence that support the many health and fitness benefits of an appropriate exercise program to realize its importance.


Siff, M.C (2000) Supertraining. Mel Siff.

Copyright 2005 Jamie Hale



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