History of the 1919 Peace Conference and surrounding events

Events of history have been documented as an objective form of non-fiction all the time. Historians make this event a storybook. Historical writing is, in the simplest sense, the historical form of literature. A more precise description of historiography is that it is the principles, theory, or methodology of scientific research and presentation. Historical writing based on critical analysis, evaluation and selection of authentic sources, as well as the composition of these materials, is a narrative theme. This is a study of how historians interpret the past. Historiography is the debate and debate of past and present representations of the past. Historical writing in all historical work is large and small. The notorious peace treaty of 1919 was in fair share in the historiography. Many views and interpretations of the Peace Conference are characterized by a large number of viewers and interpreters of many historians; historical compositions focusing on composition: The Illusion of Peace: European Relations in Europe 1918-1933 Sally Marks, the Peace Conference of 1919 in F.S. Marston, Great Britain, France, and the German Problem 1918-1939 W.M. Jordan and Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World by Margaret MacMillan.

The subject of the conference varies according to historian. Sally Marks "The illusion of peace is divided into six chapters focusing primarily on peace, these chapters being followed by the pursuit of peace, the pursuit of peace, the peace of creation, the illusion of years, the revolt of illusion and the end of illusion. in the footsteps of peace, which deals primarily with the peace treaty. Signs of the Illusion of Peace begin by saying that "great wars often provide the breakthrough symbols of history, primarily because of the drastic rearrangement of relations between states." FS Marston decided to take a somewhat different path to a memorandum of the Peace Conferences of the Peace Conference of 1919. Marston's main emphasis was not the concept of peace but the actual procedure of the peace conference, in the foreword of the 1919 Peace Conference, that " there was a clear need for an objective analysis of the organization of the conference. "Marston interrupts the 1919 peace talks in eighteen chapters. These fraudsters are familiar with the features of the conference. The book starts with the following: "The Paris Peace Treaty was a unique congregation of nations, we are still too close to deeply engage in its consequences for its final assessment."

in Great Britain, France, WM Jordan and the German Problem between 1918-1939, divided into seventeen chapters. These chapters focus on peace between 1914 and 1918 on a European framework for a regional settlement. CK Webster professes the preface to Britain, France, and the German problem that "this study is painful but wise reading, unceasingly faces the facts that created the world in which we live, objective and the author has taken great care to to be as fair to France as to Great Britain. "The last perspective is Margaret MacMillan, who presents most of the information about peace-building from far-reaching historians. In Paris, in 1919: six months that changed the world, consisting of eight parts and thirty chapters. Richard Holbrooke argues in advance that Paul MacMillan's 1919 seminar reports contain many success stories but can be measured on the basis of history and consequences.

The beginning of signs in the Illusion of Peace, discussing the sudden collapse of Germany and the surprise of the winners. The defeat of Germany was so widespread in the minds of the allies that they did not take into account postwar postwar planning. Marks emphasized that the few peacebuilding that was still in progress is almost ineffective. He claims that among the most important Allies, the French were closest to being the best for peace. The underlying argument is that the French had a predetermined concept of what counts them and is less interested in what is happening at a global level. Marks writes that the American peace situation has been overshadowed by President Jacques Wilson's extremely ambiguous fourteen points, which are ideally good points but are difficult to achieve because of their complexity.

Peace Conference, Marks writes that Paris is not the ideal place for such a conference. Paris was regarded as a poor place because "post-war passion [ran] was higher than any other place" and after four years of war the capital was not able to provide accommodation and other important services to the leaders. In the first chapter, Marks, Erich Eyck uses the history of the Republic of Weimar to support information on allied relations with Germany. It also discusses the lethal flu that swept Europe and the rest of the world. During the conversation Marks writes that Germany was fortunate that its people were not hungry as the rest of the war-torn countries. As for the actual conference, Marks writes that "When the conference finally stopped working, it was very accidentally, most of the work was done by the committees." He explains this statement by declaring that a number of things have played a major role in disrupting the decisions made. Some of these things contained influence and idiosyncrasy, as well as personality and prejudice. During discussions with the League of Nations, Marks writes that if the conditions of such damaging properties are born, they will fail and such a creation is a misleading illusion of peace that is impossible to attain. explains the recitals of the Versailles Treaty that the treaty has been criticized in the course of history and is worth deserving due to the many deficiencies and ignoring "economic realities". Marks writes that, despite criticism of the economic aspects of the treaty, great care has been taken to keep the business units alive among Allied leaders. It presents a number of different views on certain events in order to provide the reader with as much objectivity as possible. It explains that, despite what has happened or against public belief, there is always the opportunity to discuss what was and was not effective at the time of the 1919 Peace Conference. The last pages of the illusion of peace are events about the chronological table that preceded, during and after the peace conference. There is an extensive bibliography that includes documents and official publications, such as the Official Journal of the Nation's Alliance, as well as diaries, letters and memories, The memoirs of David Lloyd George Peace Conference. Several secondary sources have been used in many journals. The last element of the illusion of peace is Marks notes and references. Overall, the report of the 1919 Peace Conference was presented in an unbiased and informative way.

F. S. Marston took over the role of the historic extradition of the organization and procedure of the conference in the 1919 peace treaty. Marston's position on the organization of the conference is as follows: "The following pages will show how far the twenty-five years of the victory of the victories have come from the premature retreatment of efforts and the lack of immediate use of such an organization." In 1919, the first element of the conference was the general organization of the conference. The Council of Tens is at the heart of this diagram, which is subdivided into subcommittees, which can be classified into smaller, more central committees. Marston describes the conference about previous conferences and events. According to Marston, the most important development that took place in 1917, just two years before the peace treaty, the Supreme War Council was formally formed. Marston contains references from General Bliss to repeat the fact of war counsel and role. The primary task of the council was to follow the conduct of the war, but it also functioned as a political body.

After discussing the Supreme War Council, Marston continues to discuss armaments in the second chapter. In the first paragraph, Marston writes that "The main background of the 1919 peace talks was preceded by the German comment of October 4 in which President Wilson called for the necessary steps to ensure that the hostilities were suspended." Most of Marston's information is based on time, date, and location. The second chapter does not deal much with who did this, but when the event took place and how long the event lasted. Marston goes to the conference in chapter 3 and chapter 4 of the truce. He started the third chapter by discussing the importance of the time interval between the armistice and the peace conference. "It was a time of intensive diplomatic activity, but there was very little tangible progress, and the preparation of the conference was full of uncertainty at the point when it would take over the negotiations," Marston writes.

Marston continues to explain in detail and present the organizational features of the conference. The last chapter is titled Retrospect and includes Marston's view of the impact of the 1919 peace treaty on the world and how it will continue to be marked. He writes: "The 1919 peace treaty must certainly occupy similar meetings in the long run, if only because of the level of organization." Retrospect is immediately after Chronology. Marston's bibliography contains documents, diaries, and letters, as well as general works followed by many references. Compilation information is being criticized from time to time, believing that the conference was not adequate for fulfilling its tasks.

The WM Jordan Perspective, Great Britain, France and the German Problem 1918-1939, focuses on decommissioning, repair and security during events surrounding the peace conference and the peace conference. Jordan recognizes that it leaves out the information that is strictly "the story of this central problem". Like the historical works discussed earlier, Jordan will begin the first chapter, peace treaty (1914-1918), which discusses the events of the 1919 Peace Conference. The centerpiece of the Versailles settlement is among the focal points. Jordan cites many key figures during the 1914-1918 events. Such a person was an American writer or a European descent. According to Jordan, this writer emphasized that the United States President Woodrow Wilson, the British, appreciated the principles of idealism. Jordan spoke of "idealism, which inspired allied causes in the Great War of 1914-1918, primarily to achieve British liberalism." This war was inadvertently a war for democracy. Jordan introduced the notion that it was important to understand that the war was not directed at the German people, but in the Prussian military caste that opposed them. Jordan also presents two other reasons for war: the aim of the war was to liberate the nations and become a war to end the war. Jordan contains details of Lloyd George's speeches to convey this message. There is a lot of talk about the role of President Woodrow Wilson for peace. When discussing the fourteenth point, Jordan acknowledges that it is too well known to be quoted. In the second chapter of Great Britain, France and the German problem, Jordan discusses the fact that "historians have paid little attention to the preparation of the document signed on 11 November 1918, defining the military and naval conditions that Germany is bound to observe the conditions for suspending warfare. "The purpose of this chapter is to examine the political consequences of the armistice. This document launched the ball at the Peace Conference. The most important actors of Armistice's composition are Haig, Foch and Bliss. Jordan talks about studying the conflicting views of the three men show that problems related to armed military concepts are not from a military order but from a political order. During the conversation, Jordan presents the reader with more questions about the activities of the three men. Also in the second chapter, in which Jordan opposes the idea that the armistice was primarily prepared for the policy of President Wilson. He claims, "The claim is hardly grounded."

The next chapters of Jordan, Britain, and Germany discuss the actual peace treaty conference and the results of the conference. Title of Chapter 3: Conference and Treaty. In the introductory paragraph, you can see what the chapter can expect. According to Jordan, the negotiation process of the Peace Conference should be "taken into account" in the closing chapters with regard to the main aspects of the settlement between Europe and Germany. Jordan thinks that the chronological order of the series of events is broken by such an arrangement. He writes, "It is possible that we may present this chapter with the brief summary of the 1919 negotiations." Jordan cites the illness of the key players in the conference in the third chapter. It explains how the illness of President Wilson played a role in changing the speed of the conference. Lloyd George began to lose hope after a quick response after Wilson became ill and could not attend the Fourth Council. [Jordan] Jordan goes a long way to remain objective in describing leaders' personal characters. He uses large amounts of quoted material from Lloyd George, President Wilson, and Clemenceau. There is a rather long detail in the speech given by Clemenceau on December 29, 1918. This speech was Clemenceau's response to Albert Thomas's challenge at the eve of the conference. Jordan is full of questions about the events of the conference; every page has a question or some form of insight that the reader thinks. Jordan presents the viewpoint of several different countries during the conference. It explains the situation that France has faced as a result of the Versailles Treaty. Jordan writes: "France must now bear German aggression alone and insist on paying or repairing and defending the new settlement against German confusion." Jordan explains that Britain's opinion of the Versailles Treaty condemned and caused many disputes. In describing the views of the Treaty, Jordan presents the idea that there is cause for concern, criticism, too much of a condition and is indispensable because of the criticism of the Versailles Treaty. It focuses on the poor judgment of the purpose of the Treaty. He writes, "That the Treaty was born in the wrong spirit, this was the more general and the more appalling accusation." When discussing the Treaty, Jordan includes many historical works, one of which is the economic consequences of J. M. Keynes. It focuses on two details which it claims to have come to the conclusion that the Treaty is "incompatible with the economic recovery of Europe". Jordan emphasizes the idea that Mr Keynes's economic critiques were embedded in political philosophy. Jordan provides historical work for the 1919 Peace Conference, which is beyond the time of writing. He is brave in his allegations, with questions, and fair as they discussed the leaders themselves. [19] One of the Latest Historical Publications of Peacebuilding in 1919 Margaret MacMillan Paris, 1919: Six months, which changed the world that appeared in 2001. MacMillan gives a well-balanced picture of events held in Paris in 1919. You can work on an easy-to-learn path that has been committed to a number of diseases in a peaceful conference in the world. MacMillan also easily recognizes that peace-makers made many mistakes. Some of these mistakes could easily be avoided. Macmillan does an excellent job of taking into account a number of factors that make a number of decisions made during the conference more sensible. It deals with countless questions in the Versailles Conference and its committees, as well as in the policy of the winning allies. Speaks to the fact that the conference remembered the creation of the Versailles Treaty; but he writes, "but that was always far more than the other enemies." MacMillan is biased and apologetic. He tries to win readers with an orthodox approach that does not know the balance of historical facts. For example, MacMillan explains that Keynes was "a very smart, rather ugly young man". Keynes's physical attraction seems irrelevant to the circumstances of the Versailles Treaty, but MacMillan considers it important to write such a statement in the description of his entire character. It also seeks to raise the idea that the "Three Great" leaders come from democratic governments.

The Parisian 1919 format is interesting because each chapter focuses on a particular area of ​​the conference. It is useful as a reference, because each country has its own chapter. The negative side of this format is to eliminate the chronological process of the conference; making it difficult for the reader to follow the sequence of events. The cultural differences between French, English, American and Italian as well as German, Japanese, Chinese, Greek and others have been thoroughly outlined by MacMillan. This book is about the cross-section of the world, about Eastern, Middle Eastern, African and European impacts of peace. Draw the boundaries, show Italy's alienation and the hardness of German goods. The Federation of Nations is a failure coach in this treaty, and this six months was a disaster for the world. It also outlines America's development as a world power. MacMillan deals with the contrast between President Woodrow and his European counterparts. Wilson refused to accept international morality; while their counterparts focused on national profits as a result of the war. "Hitler did not fight for the Versailles Treaty," writes MacMillan in the closing chapter. Even if Germany had kept everything that was taken in Versailles, it would have wanted more: "The destruction of Poland, the control of Czechoslovakia, above all the conquest of the Soviet Union", and of course the destruction of the Jews. "

In his introduction to Paris in 1919, MacMillan writes," We know something about what to live at the end of the Great War. When the Cold War ended in 1989 and Soviet Marxism disappeared into the trash can of history, older forces, religion, and nationalism came out of deep freezing. "He believes that this is a valid argument for the resurgent Islam being our present threat; in 1919 the threat was Russian Bolshevism, the first chapter devoted to discuss Woodrow Wilson's journey to Europe, a road that in itself is a history book , since no one ever traveled to the United States President in Europe while in office, focuses on biographical data of MacMillan Wilson as he talks about when and where he was born and how he lived at this time and discussed in detail Wilson about depression and to fight against the illness, the credibility and the ability to make the right choices in the peace treaty due to its weakened mental state. MacMillan has so far decided to discuss the woman's relations with President Wilson and ag affiliates surrounding these relationships. "His first marriage is a close, perhaps romantic friend she had friendships with noble women. "

The fourth chapter was devoted to one of Wilson's associates, Lloyd George. This chapter is almost like a fictional novel. MacMillan writes: "On January 11, David Lloyd George used his usual energy to limit a channel crossing to an English devastator." This is a pretty good description of the British leader. It seems a bit inappropriate for the historic display of a very serious secular event. MacMillan explains in detail his character and physical appearance. MacMillan puts great emphasis on building a British leader. You may question its objectivity because of its family affiliation with Lloyd George; he is his granddaughter, a fact he does not recognize in Paris in 1919: six months that changed the world. Armed with information, it is difficult for the reader to miss the base of Lloyd George, which he placed in MacMillan

. MacMillan moves beyond the strain of the guides and moves into their unity as the "League of Nations". "In this chapter, in which MacMillan deals with the composition of the Supreme Council. In addition to discussing the Council, MacMillan considers it important to provide readers with a description of meeting places and their present appearance today." Quai d Orsay's large cabins survive the passing of time and a later German invasion surprisingly well. "He goes so far as to describe the room's equipment and color scheme as well." MacMillan provides a large amount of information at a meeting in such places, saying that the Supreme Council met at least once a day, sometimes two or three These events led to the creation of the Alliance of Nations, which MacMillan writes: "Only a handful of eccentric historians are still studying the Alliance of Nations."

MacMillan did not leave untouched territory in 1919 in Paris in 1919. The four hundred nineties Its one-page work consists of eight long pieces containing a total of thirty chapters. Europe in 1914, in Germany and Europe in 1920, in 1919 in Central and Eastern Europe, in 1916 in the Middle East, in Lausanne, in China and in the Pacific in 1914-1919 and in Africa in 1919 -in. The Peace Conferences and surrounding events include many different photographs. Dealing with problems in many countries; such as China, Poland, Palestine, Italy, Austria, Hungary and Yugoslavia. MacMillan's Appendix consists of fourteen points of Woodrow Wilson and nothing else. His extensive bibliography and extensive section notes. MacMillan's assessment of a number of different works leads to a rather interesting history of complicated and controversial history

There is no doubt that the events and outcomes of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 played a significant role in changing the world. All historians discussed in the story thought it was so. The views expressed on certain aspects of the conference and the importance of certain aspects may vary. All works are presented in their history as objective historical works, which consist of a wide-ranging evaluation of other historical works and documents. The Illusion of Peace: European Relations in Europe 1918-1933 Sally Marks, the Peace Conference of 1919 in F.S. Marston, Great Britain, France, and the German Problem 1918-1939 W.M. Jordan and Paris 1919: Six Months Changing the World by Margaret MacMillan, the readers gave different views to the conference. The history of historians is made up of historiography, which can simply be described as historical form of literature. A more precise description of historiography is that it is the principles, theory, or methodology of scientific research and presentation. Marks, Marston, Jordan and MacMillan combined all these aspects to continue the 1919 Peace Heritage and the End of World War I

. W.M Great Britain, France and the German Problem 1918-1939. Surrey, England: Gresham Press, 1971.

MacMillan, Margaret. Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World. New York: Random House, 2001.

Marks, Sally. The Illusion of Peace: International Relations in Europe 1918-1933. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1976.

Marston, F.S. The Peace Conference of 1919. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1944.

The National History Center. "What is historiography – and why is it important?" Available http://www.hyperhistory.org/index.php?option=displaypage&Itemid=735&op=page . Internet; Received on 23 April 2008.



Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *