How to Build a Garage: Save a Thousand Building DIY Garage Vs Leasing Contractor
Learning to build a garage is not as scary as it may be, at least in the case of separated structures. Homeowners who build their own garage can save thousands of people for renting a builder, who often subcontract to the same building staff he can rent. Or if you feel adventurous or just like you, we can invite some friends on the weekend and put them into service.
There are a number of elements to be taken into consideration while in the early design phase, such as:
Garage size: One car, two cars, or even three car garages can be designed in different sizes but the lot and homeowner's budget are generally limiting factors. The local building code changes, but typically the structure can not pass through eight feet of line lines in rural areas and zero to four feet at the city's boundary. Separate garages must be restored from a building at least eight feet away, but this must be confirmed by local building offices as they are varied. An important consideration is the roof tip. The length of the trench and the end of the seal is typically 12 "- 24" (although less than 12 "common in windy areas) and should be taken into account when determining the size and placement of the building." One way to determine the perfect size is for all vehicles of 12 "15" width. If you intend to store the interior walls, you need two additional widths per side, with a length of at least 22 "and four to ten meters for floor and warehouse work: Two-arm garage can be calculated as 2 x 12 & # 39; 4 & # 39; for storing walls along walls = 28 & # 39; x 22 & # 39; without long workbenches, common dimensions:
1. One car: shared garage The dimensions are 12 & # 39; x 24 & # 39 ;, 14 & # 39; x 24 & # 39; and 16 & amp; # 24; & lt; 24 & gt; size. Twenty-five feet in length is minimal if there is a full truck and even small or medium sized cars
2. Two Cars: The most common garage size in most countries and provinces is 24 "x 24", as many construction requirements require an engineering drawing and two structural engineers for larger concrete floating disks (monolithic). If space is scarce and the two wagons are medium to medium size, there may be a 20 "wide, but it may not be uncomfortable.
Three Cars: There are three car garage dimensions, as it offers more space for many designs, and homeowners often have bigger budgets when considering these larger construction projects. The common sizes 26 & # 39; – 30 & # 39; long 36 & # 39; 42 & # 39; wide.
Foundation: The floating plate (monolithic) and the frost protection slab are the two most common foundation possibilities. The floating plate is less costly and easier to build, but often requires engineering drawings and two tests for larger concrete slabs (24 "x 24"). In cold weather conditions, many contractors install 2.5 "primer foam under the concrete to reduce frost / meltdown events. Rolled fired disks typically require double-sided completion at the edge of the disc.
6 & # 39; x 6 & # 39; 10 wire mesh is a cheap method for floor coverings to increase floor strength and reduce concrete crackness Most contractors build 12 "to 16" thick concrete concreting floating tiles with the outer 16 "24" width, adding two rods # 4 increases the edges of concrete should have a strength of at least 3,000 psi and many contractors use 4,000 and 4,500 psi because the extra cost is minimal and the macrosynthetic fibers used for secondary reinforcement of the concrete Local suppliers of concrete can give the deposit a deposit The concrete thickness depends on the strength of the concrete, a good rule is that a 4 "or iron
The minimum depth of the frostwall is determined by local building codes, typically in 48 "cold climates and 36" moderate areas. After the ditch exploded, approx. A 12 "wide, 8" thick sole is formed and cast, and the length of the leg is a steel hose to prevent the concrete wall from moving. The frostwall is molded and laid on the feet and fastening screws are attached to the walls to the base. The concrete slab is then poured into the projected thickness. It is obvious that this foundation system requires more time and costs
Wall structure: If the insulation of the garage is now or is likely to be the size of the screws in the future, then the 2 "x 6" meets the requirements of the construction specification (residential building garages) as 2 "x 4" pins. Of course, 2 "x 6" rivets are stronger, resulting in more structural sound.
Wall height: Walls usually have 8 ", but 9" and 10 "walls are common. In urban downtown areas, there are often height restrictions such as a roof tip smaller than 16", based on the average height at four corners. This means you can get some extra height when the garage is embedded in a concrete cover or a wall, and loaded onto the wall. Another way to maximize height in this area is to load a 12 "concrete casting to the concrete plate circumference and to place the floor over the surface and remove the support structure that can accommodate up to 12" while still meeting height restrictions (confirmed by local building offices in
Garage Door Positioning: The garage doors can be at the end of the gate or at the side of the eve. Some things need to be considered:
1. The design of the existing house dictates the direction of the roof line. A visualization method is a way to take a picture of a house and include the area where the garage is built. Print two images from the image and draw them manually into the garage, both with gable and eave. If the garage is built in a cold climate, garage doors in the garage will be better designed, as snow and ice slope at the end of the eve
. Flexibility with the garage door at the end of the gate allows for the height of the future carport
Roof Style: The roof style is often determined by the existing house, for example, if the house has a hinged roof, this is a good option for the garage. If this is a DIY project and the homeowner builds a garage, it should be noted that the hinged roof is more difficult to build than standard grids. The roof tip should also be considered and often it must match the existing housing. Roof slipping is less than 4/12 (4 "for each run or length of 12") is not recommended due to a higher chance of water leakage. Higher roof top roofs with some lattice versions allow storage, the attic or even the apartment above the main level. The most common roof tiles in the roof structure of the garage are:
1. Standard Fink: This is the most common residential grid.
2nd Double fink: Designed to handle heavy loads to meet higher snow load requirements
3. Attic: can be stored above the main floor for designs. Accessibility may be a stairway or sliding step, and available options are governed by local building codes.
4th Scissor: This option provides a cathedral (vaulted) ceiling that provides several interior ceiling altitudes. For example, a 24 "x 24" garage, 8/12 height base, 12 "medium height, and 8" center wall. This system is usually heavily weighted to build regular grilles and tall walls.
If this is a DIY project, do not forget to order two handrails at the end of each gable. Otherwise, two regular grinding saws are required to secure the wood casing to cover the cladding and the cutting of the industry (not to mention that the building supervisor can not hand over the frame test.) If you consider ceiling insulation to order "raised heel" systems to provide adequate insulation wall and roof This is the only way to meet many of the roof insulation requirements (eg R40).
Garage Plans: After deciding on the items above, it's time to make the garage plans for the building permit application and the builder. It's important to get good quality, easy-to-follow, accurate, and financial list of garage plans (well, the material list is not important but saves you a lot of time). the designs are created by dozens and hundreds of different companies, so consistency and quality control are something to keep in mind. There are some companies that do their own in-house making and searching the Internet should find these companies. Another option is to rent a local designer to create garage plans.
Plot Plan: The Building Compliance Department needs to draw a drawing (floor plan) with the existing structures, the proposed structure and property lines, indicating distance lines for lines and structures. This can be a hand-drawn diagram for a special copy of the plot / plat plan. The building department may request a survey to verify the accuracy of the exact location requirements
Building permit: Meet a building supervisor to discuss the project and submit the garage plans, material list, and site plan to the building. Building permits can be issued at this time or the building supervisor will have a few days but will examine the documents for a few weeks.