How to build a superstructure
You have the ability to read this to make simple formatting methods for linear base and pier feet on a base. I also include optional ways to design base walls. On the way, I will leave tips that save you money, security features, or perhaps a link or two to find more information if you need it.
Linear legforming – a word about the tape bases you've seen in a new house or garage. These are the basic elements that the foundation's system will need for the project. Linear pedestals can be square, circular, curved, or perhaps only cut out from the main building, which supports the spatial wall or the support wall.
Notice that more people are involved, as well as wheelbarrows to insert the concrete and place it in the legforms. Note that the small squares in the center of the excavation are of a pier that may later support a column.
Materials: Leger materials can be in a size range of 2 "x 12" or 2 "x 10" in the case of veneers, fibers or any other wood. Usually, the sawn timber can be used again and again to save money, 12 pence, 10 pence and 8 penny common nails, some trays, pencils, levels, rulers or tape, stand and bubble level. Most Rent Centers have a daily stand and level of rent that will show you how to set up and use if you need help. Bubble level for about $ 2.00 in most hardware stores
Long-handled pointed blades, short-handed square blades, hammers, pick, 12 pound ribbon, tie and chalk box.
Confirmation – Most parts of the country require steel reinforcement in the base plinth. be 2- # 5 bar continuous or 2- # 6, and this information will be displayed on the drawings of the building. The size of the reinforcing rod is based on a 1/8 "grade 1. So # 5vbar 5/8" thick, 6 bar 6/8 or ¾ "thick, and so on. The bars from # 3 to 24 but they never see anything larger than a # 7 in any typical house. Rebar (short) home centers, wooden houses and a local steel supplier can also be accessed in the phone book. The bar is 20 "or 30" , 20 & # 39; long, easier to handle and more advantageous. One # 3, 4, or 5 bend can be made from a simple pull-up cement block or a trailer truck. It requires some effort but not many bends
Cutting the rod can be done with a sawdust or a qualified saw blade , although it is much slower HAZARDOUS SAFETY GLASSES FOR ALL DAYS The blade and the sparks of the sparks can cause serious eye damage. rely on this job Make sure no one is on the cutting edge or the sparks
The rod is located at the foot of the pier. For many plinths, 2 or 3 continuous rods are connected, ending in order to increase the strength of the soil. Walls have only vertical bands, or both vertical and horizontal bands.
Installation: Here is the fun section where you actually see something. After completing the layout of the construction lines, you are ready to install the formwork. Remember, this is not a cabinet or a finished job that we will see later. This is simply a temporary form that holds the shape of the concrete until it is dry. If the concrete hardens, then all forms will come out. When we are here when we finish and fill our feet, remove all the trees around the work. Leaving the tree in its place and buried insects and especially thermites will be picked up. They just like wet wood. This will be a serious problem later. Take the time to clean it up. Begin at one corner of the foundation (now assume this is a rectangle) and start the longest timber. His drawings tell you that your feet are 20 "wide, 10" deep, 24 "wide and 12" deep, and so on. The first number such as 24 "x12" typically means that the leg width is 24 "and the depth is 12". With typical tools this size is used everywhere unless the architect shows a different size at a given location. If your foot is 24 "x 12", you use 2 "x12" x 12 "or 10" wood as SPF. (Spruce, Wine, Pine). In the various areas of the country, faming lumber can be Southern Yellow Pine, white pine or the most common and cheapest tree. Keep in mind that this is not a structural wood, so there is no reason to take up the highest price of wood for this job. Buy the cheapest!
Okay, you worked all over the building and you know the building does not fit the length of sawdust. Amazing! Tell us that the building is 42 'long. by lapping the forms, only 39 & # 39; 4 10 & # 39; will be 42 and 42. Now it is allowed to cut some pieces to fit the corners. Try to minimize cutting to save the saw for another project. All right, now we're setting up lumber around the foundation. Keeping the saw on site can be done with several methods and everything is fine.
The shutter can be held using plates, steel inserts, perforated strapping steel or wood chips. Steel stakes are faster but expensive. If you can rent a 24 or 48 box, do so, as it will greatly accelerate the job. If you are using wooden stakes, 1 x 3 x 12 lumber to buy stakes. If the soil is very soft or wet, the bets can be 30 "to 36" long if the ground is a solid 24 "long bet, cut a point for each bet and start a few tons. Set your first footnote right below your layout line and pull a bet from the outside! You will need to remove them later and now, while keeping the form under the layout line, move the board and place another bet over the entire length of the card under the line. Make sure the form is in line with the with the bottom base of the base, fold the 16 penny duplex angle in your lap to hold it while you are working together, form the third one, place it inside the second tab and press down a leg, fold them apart, keep it around until you are standing Forms on the entire outer surface of the base, including corners. Hinged and out. Set the 24 "offset of the board off the outer form and keep it in place with a 28" 1 "x3" piece of wood waste that keeps the forms up to 24 "or more, bigger, but he would fail if he was less than 24 ". Re-work all the way around your feet until you find a full rectangle with a molding board inside and outside.
It's time for your forms to be strong enough to keep the weight of Concrete. Starting from one corner, add enough wood bets and sharpen all of them, while we're going to get 10 penny duplex nails into the formwork. Steel inserts pre-drilled holes, so simply insert the nail into a hole and insert it. Continue until one side is securely fixed. Now set the inner shapes, taking care to keep as little width as possible. Install the "nozzles" made of scrap rods on top of the molds to separate them and help prevent them from getting inside the concrete. Continue all the way around the legs until all the shapes are sewn and not fixed. NOTE: After continuing the formwork, use the level and the stand, make sure the forms are LEVEL! They can not be used if they are weaving up and down and making the foundation of the foundation almost impossible. If you notice a rock or other obstacle, ask the building supervisor to see the foot formed on that spot. Allow the column to be fixed to the rock, please remove some of the rocks to provide a smooth surface and so on. Now install the grid. Just slide the longer lengths under the nozzles and turn around the corners. Use the tie to suspend the rods from the nozzles, so the rod is located at the bottom of the base plate 1/3. 12 "tall legs? The rods 3-4" should be pulled over the ground. This will help you with the strongest foundation. When all bars are finished, call attention and relax.
Placement of concrete – For large pedestals or primers, it is most likely to buy concrete from a supplier of Redi-mix concrete. You will know how many yards you need, how strong your concrete is and how long you want it to be on the spot. Prepare the information. Order two days before you need it and check it again the day you need to send it to make sure it will not be delayed. Weather, malfunctions and even labor can sometimes delay the truck's delivery time. As soon as possible they will reach the required hour. READY! When the truck comes up, it's not time to find out if you have a card in the wheelbarrow or you can not find the paddles. Get ready for tools and workforce. Most companies can allow up to 1 hour to land on land. He then pays additional fees for the truck and the driver. It can be expensive. Unless you are superhuman and very experienced, do not try only 2 people out of 10 concrete. You will probably get more water than you use, the concrete will be hard before you finish and the rush can cause injury. Prepare yourself with a sufficient amount of workforce.
After placing the concrete in the forms and roughly cutting it over the molds, take a few minutes break. Concrete begins to set up and if your plans are based on the basics, then it's time to install them. All of us have to be prepared and have a rough idea of where to go to the foot. Plan ahead again. These grids can be stapled into "wet concrete" and you can grip them slightly to get the concrete into concrete. Your plans will tell you that the bars are inside or outside the wall, "face" or in the center, and how far they are apart. The "Inside" and "Outside" face simply means that new ones are inside or outside. In most cases, the bands should be placed at a distance of 2 "from the face, and your drawings will show you this information. Starting from one corner, set a bar at the intersection of the corner and then measure the size of the drawings center (OC). 32 "and install the next track, and so on. When you get to the next corner, make sure that one of the bars is at the intersection of the heel. too few
The next day Now that you've found the muscles you never knew were you (just a bit sore?), it's time to pull all the shutters out of the soles. rocky material of the rocky tree Take away all the wood from the floor space Floating the tree beneath the earth projecting thermites and other ugly insects Legs complete
Foundations ready and filled with concrete Non-childrens toys
Base walls: concrete blocks (masonry or CMU) from concrete, pressure treated wood, and today Styrofoam basic blocks are available regardless of the type you use when doing a good job on the plinths and beautiful and synthetic, the walls can be easily installed on the base of masonry, your work has taken place. The casino now arranges the walls of the walls, lying on the CMU, pouring the CMU cells in which the grid is and installing the hinges of the house, shed, garage, etc. materials. If the foundation is concrete, the concrete entrepreneur brings all the forms. Again, make sure all shutters, wall coverings, support legs, windows and other accessories are included in your contract. It is possible for an apartment owner to create and pour the foundation, but this is not a child's play. For leasing, wall mounting, concrete placement, proper use of trucks, and possibly use of concrete pumps, they should be the best. Concrete in wet conditions is extremely difficult. Insufficiently built wall forms can result in "shuffling" the formwork and cause serious injury or death
The base is the foundation and first building block of the project. Nests can only sit on 4 solid concrete blocks, but these are the legs. They must be solid and high enough to provide a good foundation for their shed. Take your time and do it well, and it's easier to go crazy than your building.
Hopefully, it contains many ideas and information about correct and incorrect settings. Whether large or small, the theory is the same. Take time to read the drawings, always use safety glasses when using the power tool or while placing the concrete.
The Friendly Building Supervisor
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