Lisbon Castelo De Sao Jorge
Considering the castle's views, you will notice that this mountain is the highest in the city center. For thousands of years, military minds have recognized that the tallest soil is the easiest to strengthen and defend. Archaeological evidence shows that the mountain has been replaced by a military fortification for hundreds of years. The 137 Fortresses of 137 were excavated. Other evidence suggests that this area has occupied these Roman walls for at least 400 years. In the 5th century, the tribes of the Visigoths, the Germans who left the Roman Empire and took control of this area, strengthened the fort. Their guarding towers are still preserved. A few hundred years later, during the reign of the Moors, another city wall was built to protect mosques, palaces and bazaars, but this wall could not defend the Muslim Lisbon from the future king of Portugal.
In 1147, Lisbon was a thriving city where mosses, Christians and Jews lived and worshiped peacefully. Peace ended when Portugal's first king Dom Afonso Henriques besieged this castle for 17 weeks. As a part of Christianity, a member of Europe, Osbernus said, at that time, Lisbon had 154,000 people and more women and children. Afonso Henriques hired crusaders on the way to the Holy Land to fight for it. These men were the first and most important thing in the war. Afonso Henriques agreed to keep their conquered estate and land if they decide to remain. In return, Afonso Henriques received Lisbon.  The XIV. At the end of the century, São Jorge or St. George was dedicated to the Portuguese King Joao I. St. George, who according to the well-known story, the Dragon Princess rescued the dragon, One of the Most Holy Saints of Patronage and Christianity. Between the walls of the fortress, the Alcáçova palace became the new home of the royal family and remained until 1511 when King Manuel I moved to the most central Terreiro do Paco.
The earthquake destroyed the buildings of the castle and its surroundings in 1755. Social problems in Portugal and Lisbon were severe after the earthquake's chaos. On July 3, 1780, a police officer named Diogo Inacio de Pina Manique organized the "Casa Pia" institution. Founded by Mary Princess, who later became Queen Mary I, and in Casa Sao Jorge's Palace "Casa Pia" began an orphan, to receive poor and abandoned children to nurture and care for them.
In 1788, a land survey geodetic observatory was built in the highest tower, and other parts of the castle were used as military facilities.
In 1938, a major reconstruction of the castle was redeemed by President Salazar, and the castle was regularly repaired and maintained. Today is one of Lisbon's most popular tourist attractions.