Money-saving tips while traveling

We all love to make bucket lists, travel, discover new places, and achieve at least one goal on our list. Travel is certainly the best kind of hobby, rather a passion that gives an adventure to our soul, prompts us to learn things, extend our knowledge, and become even more familiar with ourselves. One must plan at least one trip every year. Easy? Not at all. We need money. We need money for almost every need and a bit more for travel. Many people I met when earning income for their travel adventures always have something or another problem while actually planning things out. You can still travel easily at affordable prices while traveling. Here are some tips:

1. Do not book fast:

The most important thing to think about after traveling is really a travel and hotel booking. We often make so many great decisions that go fast and end up badly. What do you need to do research? Talk to your friends who are in town, they definitely give you ideas, or I'll make a suggestion for you in an affordable place

. Do not be tempted into rooms:

Yes, I know we all want to stay good. But tell me how much time you spend in your room? Choose a room that will be affordable and fair for you, instead of choosing luxury. The hotel wants to search, but it can also be smart.

3rd Stay out of town:

Often in the main places the charges are quite high. You have the chance to barely find a cheap budget. Do not be disappointed. There is always a plan B. Stay outside the city and choose peace and room.

4th Creating and tracking the budget:

Apart from the residence problem, the most important thing to do is to make a budget. Make plans and insist on it. Do not tempt other things. Yes, you can cut some slack, the plan can not be too strict, but follow it as much as possible.

5th Go to the Season:

You'll find many cheaper opportunities to plan outbound trips. Air fares will be low, your stay will be easy and you will really enjoy it.

Save money is not a big deal. You just have to control yourself, make rules, and follow them.

How to make a toy

The kids see the joy that people spent a couple of hours in a hammock. People in hammocks are generally happy and enjoy themselves, so I naturally want to extend this good feeling to their game. However, the problem does not know where to get one. You can shop online or in the leading game stores. But here's a better idea: show your children how easy it is to make a hammock playing with the basics. As a result, you can create multiple dolls, teddy bears and other games. Read on to find out how to make a toy.


1. Colored copy paper or building paper

2. Strong cord or embroidery thread or yarn

3. Ribbon or glue

4. Scissors

The first step is to determine the size of the hammock. Some children have medium-sized toy beds to accommodate many games, while some of them have a realistic approach if each toy has a toy hammock. Whatever your child wants, determine how long and how wide the hammock is.

In this tutorial, the dimensions will be 1 inches wide and 5 inches long. Simply cut the construction piece or color copy paper as you measure it. You also want a thick foundation; you can do this by cutting the paper 3 times the desired length and dragging it back to the desired length.

After scaling, it's time to fold. The harmonica folds along the entire length of the piece. Then alternate the triangular grooves on both sides of the folded paper. Now comes the slightly relevant part; shaped. To do this, unplug the grille and cut each corner at an angle. In the meantime, make two blocks to connect the end of the game hammock. Use your scissors and strong flange or embroidery thread or thread, cut two strings that are at least 7 cm longer than the hammock.

To track cut angles, attach three small ribbons under the vertical pages. Make sure to leave half the tape strips for later folding. Then place the thread on the outside edge of the game hammock. Now install the tape with the available half of the ribbon strip to secure the string on both sides. Before fixing the square ends, make sure that the middle parts are first glued. Finally, pull the tape or tighten the end caps to a pillar, a wall mounted hook, or an object that is difficult enough to bear the weight of the game. You've just made a toy; now place a small stuff and give it a bit.

How to conquer paper overload?

For many, the idea is to settle for the bills, and through a plethora of postal and paper patterns, we can feel a tiring and exuberant view that consumes energy before it starts.

The process can be replenished with organizational reminders that things are not as simple or simple as you would like them to. It nourishes the delay that will allow your project to snowball your mind and hang over your head until you inevitably deal with it.

I can not remove the administrative page, but I can put you some timed strategies on paper, mail, and accounts from a dreaded project into a simple routine that does not even register for your anxiety.

As always, do not forget to "have a good goal" instead of perfection. Allow yourself to cut these tips into bit and customize them for your life and work style.

Take and manage your emails regularly: Eliminate anxiety by setting a goal for how often you want to receive your mail and a specific goal of how often you want to review and process it. Make sure these goals are realistic and stress-free in your life.

Remove Spam: Protect your home from garbage while holding a garbage bag / shredder near the front door. Do not let any junk you outnumber! It also takes a minute to save trees and remove their addresses from spam lists, credit card offers, and catalogs.

Get a mailbox: Not everyone can open and check the mail instantly. After the junk is placed, place the remaining leaves in a designated basket or container near the entrance until you are ready for review.

Follow the action papers: Where to store the bills and other papers that you need to participate in? I suggest a translucent folder that does everything that can be attacked. This folder is vertically stored at a location that helps you review regularly.

Enter a Home: If there is a batch that strives for mass production while falling out on paper arrests. Give them a home label for an open bin, a clean envelope, or your favorite extensible file (if organized by date) – and make sure it is stored in an easily hidden location.

Paperless: Sign up for email statements, balance reminders, reminders, etc. And you never need to submit a new bank statement or a trust account!

Setting Up Automatic Account Payment: There are many ways to do this. Choose what you feel best. The tranquility that generates this process far outweighs the minimum time needed for founding.

Meet an appointment with you: Enter a specific time of day / week / month when examining your email, processing the action folder, paying accidental bills, etc. 39, you never have to run an obsolete admin project again!

Finding the right moving company

For home or office relocation, a lot of planning is needed and the process's most important role is for the moving company. If you get a good deal at a moving company, it can make your whole move easier without burning a hole in your pocket. Talk to friends and relatives who hired a moving business to find the trustworthy or read some helpful tips for finding a good moving company.

The cost of moving a business is estimated and estimates of many factors, including vehicle size and distance traveled. National companies can charge a little more to the local moving company, which is lower in prices and better. All you have to do is keep the factors of reliability and safety of your products in mind. Whether you are planning a local, public or international move – the reputation, reliability, fast delivery and security of moving companies are important. To find a good moving company, you can refer to local libraries and browse online websites that detail your businesses. With a wide range of services offered by moving companies, you can get a full-service business, a package of mobile companies, a moving moving company, or even a trailer ticket to pack and run your own property. Much depends on whether you are doing the whole movement or requires the help of moving professionals. The costs of moving trucks and professionals vary depending on what you need.

Each moving company has different prices depending on the nature of the goods being shipped, depending on the distance traveled by the truck and the size of the towing. So, it's best if you first do some research, get quotes from different companies about costs and insurance, and then decide which company is the best for your move.

Tip: information, search the names of moving companies online, and see if you can find customer reviews. If it is important to know that the goods are safely handled, or the moving truck will be reliable, it is extremely important when you move on. Keep in mind that the cheapest moving company will not always be more economical in the longer run if the goods are damaged or lost. Finally, make sure you have reliable mobile phone numbers for the most important people at the moving company if something is wrong with the moving day.

Comparing bid quotations gives you a good idea of ​​the actual costs, but make sure that quoted prices also include the provision of goods. Insurance is required in case of accidents and loss of goods. If the moving company does not offer insurance, be sure to obtain your own insurance from another company.

The cost of a moving company depends on whether it is one-way or back-to-back and up to a weekend or a week. Weekdays are relatively cheaper compared to weekends, and the summer is more expensive than winter. It is possible that you have to make a deposit at the time you acquire the moving company, depending on the mobile business conditions.

To make this step easier, make sure that:

· Keep the conveyor belt you have given to the migration company as this is a legally binding notice between your contract and you.

· Read your contract bid and the accepted rate. Be sure to read the shipping company's responsibility for your goods, delivery deadlines, and insurance claims.

· When packing the goods, pack them properly to eliminate damage and breaks. The lighter movable boxes and wooden boxes are readily available, the best packed with fine glassware and other elements of Styrofoam.

Finding a good moving company gives you peace of mind and makes it easier to move it to an office or home furniture and household items.

Introduction of the Akkadian civilization

The Akkadians were groups of 19459002 people from the Arab peninsula at the very moment when the great Sumerian city-states flourished. These people eventually wandered to the north where they met the Sumerians. BC around 2350 an academic military leader Sargon (19459003) – the "legitimate ruler") conquered the Sumerian city states and built an Akkadian empire that created the world's first realm. It was mostly Sumer, and all the way to Lebanon, Syria, Anatolia, and Western Iran. Akkad (Agátus ) was the capital, which became the basis of the name of the people and the language.

The Abbean empire had a central government under the rule of the king under the royal court and the high class of priests. Sargon was most responsible for this development. A strong economy was the foundation of the empire, Sargon and his court stood in the middle of economic activity, unlike the Sumer where the priests said more about economic matters. Their economies are highly dependent on agriculture; their production area was very effective due to the efficient watering system. The productivity of the production area has enabled the growth of the empire's population. Agricultural products were abundant, but the empire was short of anything else. Wood, metal ores and building blocks had to be imported. However, Sargon's military conquest expanded the boundaries of the empire, eventually including regions that were the source of these valuable goods. The king brought great wealth to the empire, which created many bureaucrats and administrators when creating the first bureaucratic organization. This bureaucracy made it possible for him to lead the empire more effectively.

The Akkadian civilization was the extension of the Sumerian civilization; their society was similar to Sumerians. "The status of women was generally similar to Sumerian women, although the" holy woman "legend began in that period. Enheduanna was the first published poet of the world, whose races, glorifying gods, and goddesses are about 4300 years old

Sumerian gods and goddesses were given Akkadian names, but the roles of temple priests and clergy fell. they were foolish, intelligent, shy, humorous, jealous, or angry, and these divinities came from nature, which was understandable, given that the human being and goddess were human beings and gods and goddesses. Mesopotamian life was directed by nature. When it comes to understanding nature, it is human the god of heaven, Enlil the air god, Nanna the moon god and Utu of the goddess. The Mesopotamians believed that these gods had created the universe and everything in it, including of course the people. They also believed that men and women were created by gods to serve the gods-to make sacrifices, to wear them, to obey and obey them. But this religion had no law on ethics or morality. It was good and evil for people to discover it alone. Humanity, according to early Mesopotamians, exists in the service of the gods who are responsible for the smooth running of humanity and the world's general affairs. The world was directed through their representative; in Akkadian civilization it meant Sargon.

The Akkadian people, in a relatively sophisticated agriculture that included irrigation and plowing, discovered the bronze casting method. They also use mud bricks to build houses and temples and have had an advanced ceramic industry.

Formal education at this era was practical, and primarily for training priests and writers. Education started from basic reading, writing and religion, then from legal higher education, medicine and astrology. The upper class youths are generally well-prepared for the scribes, from copiers to librarians and teachers. The excavations also revealed that the priests' schools were as many as the temples, not only the importance of the priests in the Mesopotamian society, but also the thoroughness of priestly education.

The art of Mesopotamians, including the Accadian, is a great refinement during this period; the bronze head of a king, thought by scientists as Sargon, was invented by Ninive (Asian capital, Assyrian empire). It is believed that approx. From 2300 to 2200. This head is a masterpiece of ancient art. Another example is the two cylindrical gaskets that belong to Sargon's time, and these are the most beautiful examples. Naram-Sin (Sargon's grandson) shows relief from sculpture as one of his military victories. Many clay slabs explored in various places in Iraq reveal ancient Mesopotamian literature, especially poems and hymns, and considered their goddesses.

Sargon for fifty-six years (2335 to 2279) and his son, Rimush, later murdered in a palace riot, succeeded him. Another son, Manishtushu, also killed another palace in rebellion. The last king of the Akkadian dynasty, one hundred years old, was Naram-sin and the first to follow the divine right. His fall, and the entire empire, the Russian-born Oriental origin, was called Gutian. However, recent results have provided evidence that droughts of 300 years were the main cause of the death of the empire.

Scientists have discovered that the collapse of the Akkadian empire is about ie2. This civilization depends to a great extent on agriculture; the drought that occurred in this period seriously weakened production and later caused the collapse of the empire. People fled and moved to the south, where agriculture is still sustainable. It was the revival of the earlier glory of the Sumerians, but it did not take long. Finally, the new conquerors followed our Sargon traces and united the urban status of Mesopotamia.

How to Find Educational Foundation Support?

A large number of private foundations and the United States Department of Education give thousands of dollars each year to an educational foundation. However, most people have confused their true nature and what we really are, what and what they mean and how to find them.

Yes, the official government web site of the Ministry of Education is also difficult to navigate, so getting comprehensive information on these subsidies can be a problem.

For those who want to get educational fundraisers and student financial support, read on and find some comprehensive and useful tips on this subject.

first If applicants or applicants can apply to college or high school, they may try to apply There prospective college students can apply for federal financial support and educational support. Not only the grants are available, students can also apply for student loans and programs to work while studying. Students can also get information about financial aid from the school or learning institution.

2nd There are also fundraising grants that are based on high eligibility and qualifications. These educational aids are, of course, prestigious and special. One example is the United States Department of Education's Discretionary Education Support. Part of these special education grants are awarded to organizations or learning institutions; while providing financial support to individual students. Not a few people know about this special support. So if the candidate is competitive in an academic sense then that is a good opportunity for him.

3rd When looking for educational foundation support, applicants must always check the schedule and deadlines. Most private foundations and government departments have a strict timetable for these issues.

The snake has made me

The snake has done me! Really? You heard it before, did not you? This "snake" made this story. triangular screw. You want to hear it, believe me.

The next day, a friend of mine said he was angry. Did it come out of nowhere?

We were sitting around the table during a conversation. I asked him what was the cause of his anger. She replied that something was related to her brother's behavior. But her biggest concern was how she could get rid of anger.

A brief conversation pointed to some interesting questions …

In short, this was so:

Me: "So you have trouble with your brother's behavior?"

He: "Yes, I am, and he is crazy, very crazy."

Me: "Is your brother crazy or do you decide to be crazy about your brother's behavior?"

You know, it's all in one word. This is the word "choice". We choose when something happens. You may be aware of it, but there are moments when you have to choose. These moments are crucial because, as far as we can, the choices we make will change life.

An event occurs. For some reasons, your answer is needed. At the moment, you can make a decision about the right answer.

So, based on your understanding of what's happening, you choose any of the "situations that are followed by good behavior" # 39; And if you were familiar, I would be poisoned. But why? Really, why?

The event, whatever it is, is just an event. The whole equation is important for you. You may not be responsible for the event / situation, but as long as you live, you are responsible for the answer.

Sometimes the event is extremely bad. The kind we call bad luck is very unlucky. When this is the case, ask yourself, "Why am I not my cat or my neighbor?"

I still claim here that whatever the event / situation is, it is very responsible for its responses. Responsibility for your answers is one of the first steps in keeping your life. When they have their own answers, they dictate the conditions for their success and the way.

I often say that there is nothing in this world that makes me crazy, angry or sad without my consent. This is my life.

Oh, I hear you say you've heard such things so often. Let me add the fine twist I promised. And you are very careful to listen to this path.

There is a positive intention in every behavior. And in any reaction / reaction that any situation faces, there is something that we will call secondary gains.

I will be slow here because we need to read it on the same page.

When someone does something for you, it may be annoying to you. But what are the positive intentions of their behavior? What is the purpose of behavior? By their point of view? They may try to defend themselves or maintain a given status quo. Or they are trying to get something. Maybe your attention or some peace of mind. It may be annoying them.

When your answer to your behavior (in any way) is about how you behave yourself or how you do not benefit. So your behavior (which I maintain does not cause) can also be a way of defending something with perceived danger or intrusion. He always thinks about his own benefits in the unfolding drama.

What to ask of it all.

Respond to every situation by recognizing your positive intent and your own secondary profits. If the two (the positive intention of the situation and the "secondary profits") collide, not so much what happens to me, which matters. This is where I deal with the relevant experience. "

Do not let the snake do anything!

An example of King's plan of war made it easy – Luke 14: 31-33

Jesus taught that a king who was in great trouble had survived the upcoming war, creating peace with the enemy. We will look at the meaning that Jesus here led to the parable. Or what kind of king to fight another king does not sit down first and consider whether he can meet ten thousand who is opposed to twenty thousand? Or else, while the other is still a great way, he sends a delegation and asks for peace. 33 Likewise, anyone who does not abandon all that he has can not be my disciple.

Okay, let's check this out. First of all, I want to share with you something about the Christian life battle. We are in war. Now, if you do not have a lot of opposition in this war, it's probably because it's probably floating under the creek just like Satan himself. I heard Andrew Wommack use this statement. I thought it was funny. He said another dead fish could float. I thought it was funny.

The purpose of Christian life is to swim. You know, a salmon when they give birth, their papes, their eggs, and the eggs grow into small fish, swim up. Every woman salmon finds the river where she was born. You know, it's thousands of miles away and the GPS can keep track of the mouths of the river in their heads as they come out as a baby. And I go up to the stream. Directly to the top of the stream and to the eggs, then the mother dies. Now that salmon does not come into existence, a new salmon will not be created unless a mother has done it. Babies need a place where they feel safe, where there are no predators, and that's just a part of nature. That is why Christian life is swimming on the river. So many people live in the Christian world as the people of the world.

A survey has been made in the United States and I can not cite which year, but Brown Research. And they found that the only noticeable difference between the TV habits, the habits of all purchases bought, wages and job seekers between Christians and non-Christians was that Christians went to church on Sunday. That's the only difference they've found.

Do you know that Satan is waging war with the Christian Church and the body of Christ? The only enemy, Satan, has a Christian, the body of Christ. Everyone else. He does not fight war with others. And it is not particularly warfare for a Christian who does nothing for the Kingdom. But as soon as he begins to live the life of Christ as he begins to sympathize with his neighbors, and begins to use his money and resources to further see the kingdom of God on earth and distinguish between injustice and poverty and the broken heart in this world; As soon as you step in and start being different and go up, a massive campaign starts against you to stop.

Now many people go through these campaigns and immediately retaliate and stop everything they do, just scare them. But Jesus promises that if we are going through James through these miseries, we will strengthen our faith. Miseries are not from God. They come from Satan. But it teaches us to suffer and to be patient and to walk as hard as we can, the stronger our faith is, and the more we can do. So, let us confirm that we have an enemy and move on to the parable. If you are a king, if the United States, talk about the United States alone, you know that roughly 50% of people are watching YouTube from the United States and 70% of readers come from the United States. Now let's talk about the United States. Let's suppose Korea leaves the nuclear instrument and they know that there are missile control systems in Korea that are capable of getting nuclear weapons in the United States and sending them to many American cities. American cities do not get the defense mechanisms to stop all the rockets. If they send out a hundred, then only one has to go, and at 400 kilometers or even 600 kilometers where the nuclear device went out, everyone would have died. Korea has released nuclear facilities. Immediately in the middle of the war on terror and we broke Iraq over weapons of mass destruction. We started a war between Iraq and Afghanistan, who sought these weapons of mass destruction, and Korea released one of the weapons of mass destruction. Iraqis have never been found, never proved there, never found and respected, we still broke them, but in Korea and Korea they left a nuclear weapon and America did not start war with them. America sent a peace delegation to Korea. They said, "Please do not do it again."

Now this parable illustrates. If America had to take full force with Korea, the American people suffered hundreds of thousands or even millions of deaths. So they left with a peaceful delegation. They went out with a nice conversation and tried to talk about it. They did not sail on ships and attacked in Korea as they attacked Iraq.

So Jesus says that this can be related, Jesus says that anyone who wants to build a tower if he does not sit down first counts the costs that is enough to finish it is nonsense. If you did not set the base and you can not finish it. All those who see it begin to laugh. Nobody builds a tower or house and sits down and starts building the house without knowing he has enough money to finish the house or a semi-built house and people think he's stupid: "This man begins to build and he can not finish it, "or Jesus continues," or the king fights with another king, does not sit down first, and weighs him with the ability to meet tens of thousands of people who are facing twenty thousand people. " to win the nuclear war with Korea, because even a rocket would cause too much loss to the American people and they sent it to a peace delegation.

Jesus continues: "So just as one does not leave all that he can not be my disciple. "

There is one reason why one king fights another king, one king fights another king, because he wants what the other wants." The king of the king wants the resources of the king. "" Okay, so if he can not win a war with the king, if a king comes to you with twenty thousand men, and there are only ten thousand. Instead of waging war with this king, he would lose and lose the whole country, take sacrifice and action, and go out to the king and say : "Okay, okay, I stop subsidizing the prices of wheat and sell my cattle on the Asian markets cheaper, do not fight, okay? We lose, we reduce our foreign exports by 30% and suffer, and our people will do poor, but please do not fight this, win it! Well? "

What Jesus says, if you do not leave everything, you can not be his disciple, he says he will follow, it will be a victim. A real war with Satan is easy to float with the rest of the household, it is much harder to give finance and give from the time and the resources to do the things of God [19659002] The last thing I want it to sound like another legalistic discourse is something Jesus said: Jesus on the cross of death was enough payment for all of us to get in to the Kingdom, but shared this parable with people for the cost to become a successful follower of Jesus.

A person who wants to compete in the Olympics one day, first of all knows that there are years and years of hard work, day by day, year after year they have to compete and fit enough to compete with the best in the world, who really want to be the best in sports in the world to endure the pain and the whole year of the practice to get a chance to compete for their country each day. But the peoples of the Christian world do not share their Christian faith with the same commitment.

I know the warning is always a good thing. I remember helping a friend to prophecy (that is, talking directly to God about God) that my girlfriend's practice asked Jesus for a message. She said I was going through a refinery fire. It meant that they were going through such difficult times that make my Christian character better.

It was very difficult within a year. I was so happy to have been attacking Satan for a few years before I warned him.

If Christian Jesus warned you about the parable. If you want to make great things to God and make a lasting difference in this world, you will actually be very expensive. If you're happy to be on the beach, there will not be too much war.

Origin and development of guidance and counseling in Tanzania schools

1.0. Overview

1.1. Background and History of School Counseling and the History of Primary School in School Practice and Other Environments

The history of school counseling began officially at the turn of the twentieth century, though the follow-up to the foundations of counseling and guidance was based on the philosophical teachings of ancient Greece and Rome, Plato and Aristotle. There are also some evidence that, in the Middle Ages, Catholic priests practiced the techniques and skills of modern counselors, as demonstrated by the commitment of the concept of confidential religion. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, Tomas Garzoni, Guez, W. & Allen, J. (2000) published Tomas Garzoni's Universal Map of Universities of the World (1626) as one of the first texts on career prospects. However, formal management programs using specialized textbooks started only at the turn of the twentieth century

. Counseling is a term that has long existed in Tanzania. We have recently tried to understand ourselves, advise and develop our potential, recognize the opportunities, and generally help ourselves in the way that formal counseling practices are used. In most communities, there was deeply embedded belief, and it is still within the context that people can help others with their problems in the right circumstances. Some people are helping others find solutions, solving or retrieving problems as Nwoye wrote (2009). At present, in schools, where cooperation between teachers and students is good, students learn in practice. Young people enhance their degree of freedom in their lives as they can and exploit opportunities. At best, help should enable people to lay down chains and effectively handle life situations. Unprecedented economic and social changes have changed our lives over the years. Consequently, all the lessons of the past can not effectively handle the challenges of modern times. Effective counseling, especially in the institutions of learning, has now become more important. Boys and girls, as well as young men and women, must be guided in the relationship between health and the environment, seeking skills, knowledge and attitudes that lead to the success and failure of life. The need for counseling has been of paramount importance in promoting the child's well-being. Effective guidance and counseling can help to improve the self-image of young people and to achieve progress in life. Counseling should authorize girls and boys to fully participate in and benefit from the economic and social development of the nation.

2.0. Definition of Terms

2.1. Guide

Guide is an action that shows the way for certain people, such as adolescents who do not find the right path. It controls, directs, guides and accompanies. The Guide says "Yes" to someone who asks for help. She says "Yes" to invite a man who wants a temporary partner for life.

Guidance gives guidance to the lonely, confused, moody, the suffering, the sick, and the lost. He points to thinking, feeling and acting. He led psychologically, emotionally and even spiritually to new ways of meaningful life. This is with fear and insecurity, with those who need someone along the rough road of life.

From an objective point of view, guidance is part of the counseling profession. It is called the directive advice. High schools and even college students need help if they do not know what decisions they can or in what direction. The counselor "opens" the electoral world for these people to choose. It's like showing the universe when everything a person sees the lonely planet Earth. The guidance counselor extends and widens the horizons of people who only see a narrow path or a hidden view on this path. Thus, the focus is on opportunities and choices.

Usually, instruction is done in schools. High school and college students require guidance and counseling in their school. More often than not, young people are not aware of what to do, how to react or respond, and how to act in certain decisions. When that happens, they need them older, wiser and more experienced to show them the way and guide them. It is the responsibility of this counseling adviser to extend assistance if needed to those who are confused, uncertain and need advice. However, some adults may need guidance.

2.2. Counseling:

Consultancy in Leadership and so on. This is a way of curing pain. It is both science and art. Science because it provides advice, counseling or assistance, the counselor must know the principles and techniques of counseling. The counselor should be able to use any of these principles and techniques as paradigms in order to provide advice. However, it is not enough to use these principles and techniques. Another important aspect is that the counselor can advise – the art of counseling. This aspect of counseling is a relationship, a sharing of life, in the hope that the injured person will heal. As a relationship, counseling involves physical, emotional, psychic or spiritual dimensions. The counselor should be able to have a good relationship with the counselor without being too intimate or too close to comfort or being too far away or far away. The emotional dimension of counseling includes empathy, sensitivity, and non-verbal signaling of counselors to understand uncompleted complexes or suppressed feelings. The psychic or spiritual dimension includes the counselor's "spiritual content" – within it. It is the interior of so-called personality. The counselor should receive the gift or pardon to see the inner world of the person, especially his state of mind, as this is very important in healing the pains of the patient. Other Definitions of Concepts

Biswalo (1996) defines guidance as a term used to signal a process of self-understanding and self-determination (self-determination) to maximize adaptation to your home, school, or community environment. However, this process depends on the advice. It also determines counseling as a process that helps an individual to accept and use information and advice to solve or cope with his current problem. He continues to note that sometimes the process helps the individual to accept an unacceptable situation, such as losing their loved ones and to somehow change the benefit rather than overcoming the situation. Guez and Allen (2000) noted that a single definition of counseling is difficult to consider. This is because the definitions of counseling depend on theoretical orientation. Counseling is a learning-oriented process that is usually an interactive relationship with a view to helping a person know more about me and using understanding that enables one to become an effective member of society. Counseling is a process by which a helper cares for the cares and concerns of a caregiver and facilitates the person's personal development and promotes change through self-knowledge. Counseling is the relationship between the person concerned and the person required. This relationship is usually a person-person, though sometimes more than two people may be affected. Designed to help people understand and clarify their views and learn how to reach their goals by meaningful, well-informed decisions and solving emotional or interpersonal problems. From these definitions, it can be seen that counseling can have different meanings.

3.0. The Origins of Guidance and Counseling Practice in the Pre-Colonial era

Tanzania's counseling has existed in the various forms and with different interpretations in society before the colonial era. Today's differences and contradictions come from the social and historical forces that have shaped a modern culture. In Tanzania, in all societies of people and at all times experiencing emotional or psychological anxiety and behavioral problems. Each culture was well-grounded in methods and methods to help people's problems. However, there is not enough written source about the origins of guidance and counseling in Tanzania schools. But as in other places before the colonial era, there were outstanding unique elements that could have lived together in the societies. Elements include an extensive family system, including clan and tribe, chief, taboos, various forms of initiation, and close contact with the ancestors and the elder.

The village is at the heart of society. While all these elements are important, only a few are used to illustrate the role of guidance and counseling in today's Tanzanian societies. Basically, traditional bosses had more roles, which included the authorities' authority and regulatory role. As these roles were accepted and respected by everyone, they showed a clear direction in the daily affairs of society. The elders, the boss, also provided valuable guidance and counseling for boys and girls. In most cases, the bosses maintained a vital relationship between the ancestors and the present generation. This relationship was confirmed by ritual rituals and taboos. It is easy to guide and advise young people, as rituals or ceremonies are also prepared to prepare for adult roles in society. The extended family, the clan and the village supported the society. No one liked the stranger. The counseling was easily attempted and ensured. Forms of counseling and counseling were given advice and shared wisdom

4.0. Practice of Guidance and Counseling in Tanzania Schools

4.1. Counseling and Counseling Practices in the Schools of Tanzania

In recognition of this, perhaps because we are thinking about concepts of schooling, we need to think about the importance of counseling in education. It is conceivable that the definitions and reports in the above guidance and counseling are directed to the educational area and are now correctly reported. Guez and Allen (2000) have pointed out that Truman Kelley founded the concept of educational counseling in Makinde (1988) in 1914, providing education services for students providing services that need assistance in important aspects of their education such as courses and study selection , choices of interest and abilities, and the choice of colleges and high schools. Educational counseling enhances the learner's knowledge of educational opportunities.

The increasingly complex composition of society in Tanzania, with social problems, such as HIV / AIDS and the rapid development of science and technology, poses serious demands on education. The school, as an important social institution, was obliged to adapt quickly to changing patterns and prepare citizens for tomorrow's challenges. This is where instruction and counseling in the education system helps boys and girls alike to develop their full capacity. These include intellectual, social, physical and moral abilities. This assistance is most important in Tanzania as long as the history and age of educational offerings and today's systems are present.

In Tanzania schools, the guidance and counseling practices come from the time of vocational training in the colonial period. In Tanzania, the process of creating consultancy services first had to understand the basic factors that affect people's beliefs and comments about such practices. However, he believed that he was not taken into account at that time and could take longer. It is especially important to understand economic, socio-political, religious beliefs, customs and traditions and cultural changes in the various regions of the country. Young people must be understood in this context, but also in the paradoxical situation of the traditional and modern world, but this is a big challenge in Tanzania and in many developing African countries. During the colonial period, there was some professional guidance under the Career Advice handled by career coaches. But the career masters chosen by the school principal did not have professional training in professional counseling. In fact, the obligation was limited to helping students by completing employment forms and typing applications. In missionary schools, professional counseling was confined to religious services. Teachers who are usually fathers, pastors, or have respected and directed the spiritually bent young people to be brothers, brothers, fathers and shepherds at the end of formal education.

Tanzania's schools and counseling were more or less private family affairs. Parents and relatives gave advice to their children in all areas of life management and problem solving. It is true that in many families the general duty of management was the traditional duty of family leaders, father, mother, uncle, aunts and grandparents. In the case of serious personal or family problems, counseling was specially organized by the community rather than in dealing with the problem. This is done without the knowledge of a formal or informal school system, but through experience and age based on collected wisdom. This kind of early counseling from school setting and community has helped young people live in society in the future.

4.2. Learning and Counseling Practices in Tanzania Schools in the Postcolonial Age

In many literatures and sources in Tanzania and some other African countries, counseling and counseling in the education sector is considered to be the youngest discipline. This was done on April 22-26, 2002. A first Africa Youth Advisory and Youth Development Conference held in Kenya, which showed that the Orientation, Advisory and Youth Development Program was held in April 1994 in Africa The First African African Conference on Girls' Education held in 1993 in Ouagadougou. It is designed to introduce or strengthen guidance and advice in African countries. It focuses on capacity building in the countries concerned and organizes trainings on both the regional and national levels for the management and advice of schools and dormitories.

In Tanzania schools we can call vocational guidance and counseling in 1984, the National Arusha Conference held in October 1984, where the government supported guidance and counseling that was an integral part of the country's education system (Biswalo, 1996). The purpose of the conference is to establish systematic criteria for guidance and counseling for high school students. The students were then advised, directed and advised on the selection of the job and the students for further training. This task was given to the career masters and lovers described below, but there was not enough counseling and advisory staff, not only in the responsible department but also in the schools.

Guidance and counseling has slowly become institutionalized and expanding with educational institutions. For example, schools need to take over the task of psychological support for boys and girls. However, Biswalo (1996) notes that in Tanzania policies for guidance and counseling are still missing. However, the Ministry of Education has somehow tried to name the services within the education system with career masters and lovers. He also said that the task of staff is to provide advice to secondary school leaders in order to select students for their jobs and to prepare for admission to further training; to help students understand and develop suitable jobs, training or training; to appreciate students' talents and abilities, and encourage them to help their careers or training in the most appropriate way and to help learners solve their personal problems that can affect their primary school development.

This is an impossible and realistic burden for unskilled personnel. This reflects the apathy of politicians and decision-makers in the new school management and counseling field; the strength of the myth of the intended workforce, in which career guidance is misunderstood as redundant and the lack of qualified staff who provide effective management and counseling services in schools. It is regrettable that, even after the October Arusha Conference on Confirmation of Tanzanian Tanks, where Government support and governmental services were an integral part of the country's education system, the services are still stained and ineffective in Tanzania's educational institutions. Such guidance and counseling is discussed at various primary, secondary and tertiary level by various scientists.

5.0. Guidance and Counseling Practices in Primary and Secondary Schools

In Tanzania, primary school levels were actually and there are no teacher-advisors for specific students. However, teachers themselves have to decide what action to do, as there are no programmed or timed activities for guidance and counseling. Teachers need to use some of the teaching to practice guidance and counseling in and outside the classroom, although not all teachers have gone through a teacher-counselor training. As children go to school, they need to find out about the school, the environment, the school community and the curriculum to encourage and develop the positive attitude of learning and school communities (Biswalo, 1996). As students are older and pass through different degrees, they should focus on studying skills, tackling learning difficulties and other school problems. But this activity does not happen systematically in elementary schools in Tanzania

There is not enough programmed or time-based management and counseling system for high schools yet. In some cases, this task is disciplined by the masters, sometimes by department heads and school leaders. At high school level, students want to look for educational opportunities, all kinds of information, and any other help for educational purposes. These needs are provided by educational counseling and counseling (ibid). At this level, students are assisted by subject choice, study techniques and tests and examinations. Biswalo (1996) has pointed out that sometimes in the material selection of prestigious rivers, such as in science, as many students as possible are proud of the students' actual abilities, interests and attitudes. He said that this unfortunate situation was born in secondary schools because of the lack of genuine education counseling and counseling services.

The school plays an important role in preparing students for continuing secondary education, paid employment, self-employment and life in the community, as clearly defined by the Ministry of Education in the objectives of the high school curriculum. In a unique way, pupils, teachers and parents can fully agree, as some schools focus on preparing for further education, particularly with regard to academic knowledge and the pursuit of success in national trials. That is, high schools where counseling is inadequate place little emphasis on creating a responsible attitude towards citizenship and local, regional or national community life and employment opportunities. However, the informal sector, which includes self-employment, needs to be emphasized in the formal sector, with implicit emphasis on white-collar workplaces.

5.1. Professional, Career Counseling and Counseling

In Tanzania, teachers are able to directly influence students' career prospects. The results and attitudes of students were related to the characteristics and results of their teacher (World Bank, 1995, Nyutu, P.N., and Norman C.G., 2008). However, the impact of the school depends on what formal interaction and communication is between students' students and students, while television and radio work through informal interactions between students. The influence of parents and siblings is both formal and informal

In most cases, it can be in Tanzania and other states where management and counseling rarely occur in schools; parents play a major role in influencing their children's career. Those with a lower qualification, eg. Teachers, officials, drivers, personal secretaries, soldiers, etc. They do not expect their children to follow up because the children with higher levels of learning sometimes seemed to be narrow and incomplete with interest. However, it is suggested that the parents' occupation may influence their children's choice of career, but it is with children who have a general skill in such workplaces and some have job skills that are relevant to workplaces. Access to information through media and other forms of technology is the aspirations of young people who can not largely be content in their own environment. It must be chosen and young people need to acquire the skills to assess situations and make informed choices. Young people in Tanzania do not have a natural, comprehensible order from birth to adulthood.

Provides secondary vocational guidance, but very few because of the lack of school or vocational counselors. With this type of counselor, students are helping fortunate schools, but vocational training is not emphasized because most students, teachers, and of course parents, force students to have long-term learning plans to prepare for the planned career. These counselors are designed with school leaders and teachers to provide students with special skills or disabilities with appropriate placement.

5.2. Higher Level

Higher degree students have orientation and other education counseling and counseling. In Tanzania, higher education institutions at least satisfied the needs of both qualified psychologists and university scholars for qualified students, although their number was low. Here, consultants play a major role in gathering comprehensive information about all aspects of a training career in the institution. Advisers sometimes integrate into the administrative or practical class to organize students' practice and are even more rarely associated with appropriate employment agencies (Biswalo, 1996).

6.0. The concept of guidance and counseling in Tanzania

According to Sima's (2004) research, vocational counseling is still unknown in Tanzania and in several African countries as a separate occupation. However, the emergence and adjustment of HIV / AIDS in the country has strengthened the basis of counseling. This is especially so because of the multifaceted nature of the HIV / AIDS pandemic, attention, unlike other human diseases, goes beyond the prerogative of the medical profession. Thus, counseling is a key way of preventing HIV infection, providing adequate and relevant information and social and psychological support for people who are infected and affected by the pandemic. Ibid continued to say that a number of non-governmental organizations have been providing counseling services since the pandemic has emerged, but there is no clarity about the type and nature of the advisory services. The nature and characteristics of consulting clients are also fuzzy.

In Tanzania, the aforementioned professional counseling is a relatively new phenomenon. Sima (2004) cited Outwater (1995) notes that before the HIV / AIDS epidemic there was no formal counseling service in Tanzanian hospitals, professional counselors and formal counseling systems. It was necessary to fill this gap without providing as many counselors as possible to provide optimal care for AIDS patients and relatives (NACP, 1989, quoted in ibid). Since then, numerous para-professional consultants have been trained in basic skills and counseling skills. At present, there are many counseling centers not only for HIV / AIDS issues, but also for Tanzanian problems. However, since counseling has become popular with the emergence of HIV / AIDS, many people assume that they are only infected by HIV / AIDS and patients and are afraid of being labeled (Sima, 2002, cited by Sima 2004).

7.0. Problems and Challenges

The Tanzanian Government has not yet defined guidance and advice on educational policy issues, despite the fact that schools are crucial and necessary. Biswalo (1996) pointed out that in Tanzania policies for guidance and counseling are still lacking. He continued that efforts to meet the needs of guidance and counseling are obviously hampered by a number of difficulties, including financial resources, to promote well-established small counseling activities for more than one school. In Tanzania, counseling is a relatively new phenomenon so far. There is not enough qualified counselor in schools and other educational institutions. At the same time, there are a limited number of qualified counselors, or are not used well in schools, or are doing other activities rather than what they have been trained. Some of the school counselors are teachers and are fully engaged in teaching tasks. Surprising advice is a key way of preventing HIV infection in providing relevant and relevant information and social and psychological support for HIV / AIDS infected and affected people (Sima, 2004). Slow growth in education systems due to lack of funds, training opportunities and large turnover of consultants for green pastures and suitably qualified advisers. For example, many schools lack counseling offices, trained teacher counselors and counseling tools. A források tekintetében számos lehetőség van a pénzügyi korlátok enyhítésére. Különleges iskolák a rászoruló szülők nevében megközelíthetik a nem kormányzati szervezeteket.

A Tanzániában működő szilárd szakmai tanácsadói szövetség hiánya a megfelelő gyakorlatra vonatkozó előírások meghatározása egy másik kihívás (Nwoye, 2008). A tanzániai főiskolák és egyetemek szakmai tanácsadói képzési programjainak elégtelensége is egy újabb kihívást jelent.

Nincsen erőfeszítés a tanácsadói tanterv kidolgozására a középiskolákban és főiskolákban, valamint az egyetemeken a tanácsadási és tanácsadási tanfolyamokon. Az útmutatás tantervét és a válaszadó szolgáltatásokat úgy lehet strukturálni, hogy foglalkozzon az öt tartalmi területen, nevezetesen az emberi kapcsolatokkal, a karrierfejlesztéssel, a társadalmi értékekkel, az önfejlesztéssel és a tanulási készségekkel. Iránymutató tananyagot lehet tanítani a különböző szintű hallgatóknak vagy kis csoportokba, hogy foglalkozzanak velük hasonló kérdésekkel. Ahhoz, hogy útmutatásokat és tanácsadási programokat biztosítson Tanzániában, szakképzett szakembereket kell alkalmazni az iskolákban való menedzselésre és szolgáltatásnyújtásra. Az ilyen szakembereknek rendelkezniük kell a vonatkozó létesítményekkel és a strukturális támogatással. Ugyanakkor az egyetemek és a tanárképző intézményeknek olyan szakmai programokat kell kialakítaniuk és fejleszteniük, amelyek szakmai tanári tanácsadókat és más irányító személyzetet képeznek

Még mindig nem elegendő a felsőoktatási intézményekben való segítségnyújtás annak érdekében, hogy a diákok elérhessék karrierlehetőségeiket. A mai hallgatók azonban arra utalnak, hogy magasabb igény mutatkozik a pályaorientációra, mint a diákok az elmúlt évtizedben. Ezért a hallgatóknak nagyobb szükségük van arra, hogy megfelelő szakmai információkat szerezzenek, amelyek lehetővé teszik számukra, hogy jobb fizetett munkahelyeket keressenek. Sok iskola a múltban kinevezett néhány tanárt, mint karrier-mestert anélkül, hogy a szükséges pályaorientációs képzést és felszereléseket biztosítaná. Az ilyen karrier-mesterek általában azt feltételezik, hogy minden egyetemista egyetemistákon végződik, és csak arra koncentrál, hogy segítse a hallgatókat az egyetemi pályázati formák teljesítésében. Itt az ideje, hogy a kormány olyan politikát alakítson ki és hajtson végre, amely elősegíti az általános iskoláknak a felsőoktatásra való irányítását és tanácsadását, és olyan szakmai programokat fog kidolgozni, amelyek a szakmai tanári tanácsadókat és más irányító személyzetet képeznek

. Következtetés

Az útmutatás és tanácsadás célja, hogy felkészítse a tanulókat az iskolai programjukba, hogy a megfelelő munka világába lépjen, az iskolai tanterv és a foglalkoztatás összekapcsolásával. Ahhoz, hogy az iskola sikeres legyen ebben a törekvésben, a tantárgyakat kellemes és kényelmes környezetben kell tanítani, és a tanulók számára fontosnak és érdekesnek kell lenniük. Egy másik tényező, amelyet figyelembe kell venni, olyan kompetens tanárok felvétele, akik képesek arra, hogy irányítsák és tanácsot adjanak a tanulóknak a munkaerőpiacon tanítottakhoz. Amit tanítanak és hogyan tanítják, nagy hatással lehetnek a tanulók érdeklődésére és észlelésére. In Tanzania the spirit to plan and use guidance and counseling services in the effective development and utilization of their respective young human resources is evidently strong. However, as Biswalo (1996) said the efforts directed towards fulfilling this need are apparently thwarted by several difficulties. It appears total and enlightened commitment on the part of policy and decision makers is necessary and should be definitely surmount the problems.

The emergence of career development in western countries as a construct suggests that it may be an essential area in developing country like Tanzania where students need assistance; students particularly need assistance in selecting colleges and courses. To this end, the schools should offer a career guidance and counseling programme under the able leadership of qualified school counselors.

I thought I wanted to get away with my husband, but I'll miss it – Tips and advice that can help

I get many emails from women who have doubts or concerns about divorce. Many people thought they were okay or even wanted to divorce earlier, but now that her husband is not so close and reality has started to quit, there are doubts as well. Often there are people who say things like, "Do I have to tell her that she misses her or just admit it's too late?" or "Are these feelings normal, just because divorce is so definitive? Will they finally go?"

Well, I can not see the future, but I can tell you that whenever you have any doubts and whispering little whispering whispering to your mind, surely not hurting at least is open to the idea of ​​silence. Because the restlessness and the unpleasant feeling will only happen if you are completely satisfied and are in a peaceful position. Of course, divorce has huge, final, enormous consequences. You would not be normal if you did not feel uneasy. But her husband misses (and suspects you might want to go back) something else. I will discuss in more detail the following article.

The distance will actually be able to increase the vacuum: People often do not believe me when I tell them that time and distance actually make the connection better. Therefore, when people write and say that their spouse wants "a place," I usually tell them to give it. Because it allows your spouse to miss it. Quiet and calm thinking allows a more rational mindset. Anger and tension will calm down because there is no longer any interference, and loneliness allows both sides to objectively examine the situation (and any part that he has played in). So you know it's actually quite common to see the situation differently when you have had some time and distance. Just because he misses it does not mean that we will have problems: I am a huge supporter of marriage saving. Even more so when one party is beginning to experience the old feelings or begin to acknowledge the emptiness of being left without the other person. So, I fully believe that if you have those feelings you should keep it at least open to think a little bit about where you want to do it, not about closing the door.

But when I say this to women, they often tell me things like, "It's okay, I really miss her, but there are still huge problems in this marriage. Good intentions are one thing, but reality is another. It may be that the time and distance I'm constantly knocking on has helped you see things in a new light And I'll tell you a little secret, many times, people, who are trying to save the marriage before the car in front of the horse. Focusing at the core of emotions as a matter of trying the problem immediately: What I mean by "putting a basket in the horse" is that people often overwhelm their fingers, and commit themselves to working on "marriage." The problem is that by the time most people reach this point, they are disconnected already they are not deeply tied up and are more than a bit annoyed at each other. Solving problems is difficult, but when they do not feel deeply in touch, love and intimacy, they are trying to reach a moving target. It just does not seem fun enough.

Instead, I often tell people first to try to restore some positive feelings between you. Do not worry that you are trying to determine where you are going, whether you are reconciling or reunited. Do not put this pressure on you. Rather let him miss you, tell him if you decide and focus on spending time together to see what's happening. Do not worry what's coming. Just know that this person is a very important factor in your life and you want to see that maybe some time will bring light to the fact that things can change potentially.

You do not have to talk deeply about why it went wrong. In fact, I would avoid this. Just focus on light-hearted interactions that do not allow much pressure, but offer lots of fun. You're trying to see if there's a chance to baby's progress. Have a meeting on the other. This scenario should not take long to make it clear enough where you are. But at least you have the chance to know at the end of the day that you've done everything and you do not ignore the feelings that desperately try to get your attention.