Terrorism – a threat to global peace

ABSTRACT

Today no one seems to be saved in the world. Terrorism, a nasty development that has forced world leaders and public figures to spend millions of dollars in reinforcing their security, has become a global threat. In the midst of this seemingly strict security and threat, thousands of innocent souls have lost their lives to the destruction of terrorism.

It's statistically proven that the world's only country is not exceptional for terrorist attacks. Odiaka Pius, after a series of bombings in various countries, writes about the flood-breaking world of tactile fear. The Guardian Newspaper on Friday, July 29, 2005 (page 24) states: "No part of the world left without terrorist bloodshed: Kenya, Algeria, Egypt to Africa in the Middle East and the Gulf of Indonesia, Philippines, Pakistan and India throughout Asia, Washington and New York in America, Spain, and now in London, many innocent souls have been removed from existence in Europe. "

The study shows that terrorism poses a threat to global peace. List the category of terrorist acts. It also examines the causes and consequences of terrorism in human development, particularly in the field of peace building and maintenance. First of all, it makes recommendations to refer to United Nations recommendations on the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy. Finally, he confirms that global peace can only be achieved if the world – leaders and followers – condemns terrorism in every way and consequently, and is absolutely and equitably acting in their quest to provide eternal solutions to peace. The Most Serious Threats to Global Peace and Security

Introduction

In human history, terrorism is a widely recognized enemy of world-wide humanity. As history empowers terrorism as a far-reaching and devastating destruction, it is the most serious crime against humanity. His remnants became neighbors, and have not spared our societies and the whole world. Your goals and applications are global and not compromise. Neither terrorism nor perpetrators are new. Although it has been used since the beginning of the recorded time, history itself can not exactly preserve the number of lives and attributes lost by terrorism.

There is no doubt that terrorism has transformed the world with its devastating force in which we live. We now live in a world where violence and conflicts intensify. This, in turn, has led to growing distrust, fear and divide and represents a major new threat to international justice, peace and security. Thanks to this ugly development, Amnesty International's 2004 report noted the impact of the crime on humanity.

This report and others provide a precise point in how terrorism or terrorist acts have endangered the world and how it has endangered global peace.

The Historical Background of Terrorism

It is appropriate to recall that the forms of society and the past are different from what today is described as the history of terrorism and the use of terror in times of war. Until 1648 (the Westphalian Treaty) there was no such thing as modern nation states. Recently, the state monopoly on war or interstate violence. Because of the lack of central authority, many other players were involved in the war game. However, this did not allow the use of terrorism to influence political change. Against the modern era, where only nations are waged, involvement of actors such as religious leaders, mercenaries, mercenaries, national armies, and many other legitimate and normal

. such action has existed for thousands of years. So, in discussing the history of terrorism, it is important to talk about terrorism and various types of terrorist individuals and groups. Below is a summary of the history of terrorism.

The Ancient World:

Siege Zealots

Politologists regard the radical Sikarii branch of Jewish zealots as one of the earliest precursors of modern terrorism. Like modern terrorists, their intention was to send a message to a broader target audience, in this case Roman Imperial officials and all Romans and collaborators. The Hashshashin (Hashishin, Hashshiyyin or Assassins) were the Isma or sect of the Sámi Muslims. After being involved in the dispute with the ruling Fatimid dynasty, which was around 1090 in Cairo, the lossy Nizariyya faction was led from Egypt. Many established settlements have been established in today's Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon as the charismatic leader of Hasan I Sabbah. The Muslim world was believed to be a dominant Sunni sect; committed suicide killers to eliminate the Sunni leaders who are considered "abusive". The sect was ruled by the conquering Mongols, most recently the fortress that Hueldu Khan sank in 1272. Most scholars believe that the name given by their enemies to Hashshashin was derived from the Arab "hassish" (hashish user). the sects are called al-da-wa al-jadida, which is the new doctrine and known within the organization as Fedayeen

. The XVII. A group of conspirators led by Guy Fawkes on November 5, 1965 attempted to destroy the British Parliament in opening the state because of the huge amount of rifle being secretly hacked to kill King James1 and members of both Houses of Parliament, in the next anarchy the conspirators planned to execute a coup and the Catholic faith was restored to England but the plan was betrayed

The Children of Freedom is a underground group, as opposed to the British rule of the colonies who have committed several attacks, most notably the Boston Tea Party. No one was injured or seriously injured by any action they have taken

2. Terror (1793-1794)

Terrorism of terror (5 September 1793 – 28 July 1794) or simply Terror (French: la Terreur) was about eleven months during the French Revolution when the rival factions the struggle led to the mutual radicalization which was massive executions with guillotine.

The victims of Terror Reign had altogether about 40,000 people. who have been convicted by revolutionary tribunals, 8 percent aristocrats, 6 percent soldiers are 14 percent middle class, and 70 percent are workers or peasants who have been abandoned by circumventing draft, destruction, rebellion, and other alleged crimes

XIX. Anarchists were the most fertile terrorists of the 19th century, and the terrorist tendencies of nationalism and political movements in Communism or Fascism were still there. The disarray attack of the various anarchist groups led to the assassination of Russian tsars and American presidents but had little real political impact. In Russia, the 19th century. In the middle of the century, the intelligentsia was impatient with the slow pace of the Tsar reforms, which slowed down considerably in the Russian II. After the murder of Alexander. Radicals sought to transform peasant dissatisfaction into open revolutionaries. Anarchists, such as Mikhail Bakunin, claimed that progress was impossible without killing. By developing robust, stable and affordable explosives, the gap between the fiery power of the state and the means available to its opponents is closed. The main group responsible for terrorist acts – "Narodnaya Volya" (the will of the people) (1878-81) – used the word "terrorist" proudly. They believed in refuting the "leaders of oppression"; They were convinced that the advanced technologies of the planet and balloons have enabled them to strike in a direct and discriminatory way. The "popular will", with only 30 members, tried more attempts to assassinate Tsa. The II. Sándor II. Cárla crippled in the assassination of March 13, 1881, when they landed on the train with the Tsar

. Irish Republic Brotherhood

In 1867 the Irish Republican Brotherhood, a revolutionary nationalist group with the support of Irish Americans, launched an attack on England. These were the first acts of "Republican terrorism" that became a repetitive feature of British history, and these were the forerunners of the Irish Republican army. The group's ideology was Irish nationalism

4. Nationalist Terrorism

Worms / IRAs and IMROs can be considered as prototypes of all "nationalist terrorism" and illustrate the (controversial) expression that "one man is a terrorist is another man's freedom fighter." At least one such group reaches its goal: independent Ireland was created, including an independent Macedonia, but the original IMRO probably contributed little to this result, some groups used to use dynamite, similarly to Catalan nationalists such as La Reixa and Bandera Negra. 1969002] 5. John Brown

John Brown is a prohibitionist who has proposed armed service against slavery, has been subject to numerous terrorist attacks and involved in the illegal smuggling of slaves, Harpers Ferry's most famous attack, local forces are about to regain power and Brown , try and execute him for betrayal, his death as a martyr for the abolitionist cause, the American Civi is one of the origin of war and a hero for the forces of the Union that fought in it.

6th Klux Klan (1865)

The original Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was formed on December 24, 1865 at the end of the American Civil War by six certified middle class confederal veterans from Pulaski, Tennessee. Soon it spanned almost every state in the United States. The Klan advocated what is generally seen as white supremacy, anti-Semitism, racism, catholicism, homophobia, and nativism. They often use terrorism, violence, and intimidation, such as crossbreeding, to suppress African Americans and other groups. The name "Ku Klux Klan" was used by many different unrelated groups, but all of them seem to have the center of the white superstition's faith. From the time of its creation to the present day, the number and influence of its members are varied. There is no doubt, however, that, in particular, in the southern United States, it has sometimes played a major political influence and has caused great fears among African Americans and their supporters. At the same time, the KKK directed the governments of Tennessee, Indiana, Oklahoma and Oregon to the legislators of the southern United States.

Twentieth century

Suffragette, Archduke Ferdinand's assassination (1914), KKK (1915), Irgun (1936-1948), World War II, End of Nationalism and Empire, Cold War Proxics, IRA, ETA, Aum Shinrikyo (1961-1990), PLO (1964-1988), Colombian terrorist groups, Munich massacre (1972), Matsumoto incident (1984-1995), Achille Lauro Hijack (1985), Lockerbie Bombing (1988), Umkhonto Sizwe (1994), Sarin gas attack with Tokyo subway (1995) and Oklahoma City bombing) types of terrorism and individual terrorists and groups operating in the twentieth century. The Twenty-First Century

The well-celebrated September 11th (2002) attack and the Beslan school siege on the recent terrorist attacks, 1st century

As we said earlier, terrorism is a worldly phenomenon before 1648. But then you have to look at the true meaning of the term. Though a series of contradictions has given a definite definition, the term "Latin" comes from Latin, meaning "terror", the French terrorist word often associated with the terrorism of the Revolutionary Government of France between 1793 and 1794. Public Safety Committees which enforce policies The term "terror" has been termed "terrorists".

The English word "terrorism" was first recorded in English dictionaries in 1798, as a "systematic use of terrorism as a policy". The Oxford English Dictionary is still recording the definition of terrorism: "The government's intimidation by the ruling party in France between 1789 and 1794.

The controversial question is that the vocabulary of terrorism is properly exploited by anarchy and the media and politicians the difficulty of building a definition is that history gives too many antecedents to organizations and their leaders who are flagged as terrorists, but who ultimately respect the government. This applied in particular to national church movements national efforts in colonial or repressive regimes which, in their country they often resort to violence, often as a last resort. Jomo Kenyatta's life in Kenya has been lobbying the British government for years before taking part in the Mau Mau riot. Mandela, the hero on the continent and beyond, is another convicted "terrorist" [19659002] Before writing a valid question, it is important to note that this piece is considering further comments and critiques on the issue and has recognized that there are other valid arguments on these controversial issues. However, they are not included in this book.

With the generally accepted definition of terrorism that narrows down the specific form of violence against "all forms and manifestations", or which permits the spread of terrorist acts by an international court, genocide and other war crimes, or which makes it impossible for each country , to prohibit the activities they choose to qualify as terrorists for their own political interest, is a major challenge in studying terrorism.

The United Nations has not yet adopted the notion of terrorism, taking into account the UN definition of "university consensus". And they are also available for public evaluation.

However, in my final judgment, the actual number of definitions of terrorism is unclear; but it is clear that terrorism does not respect human lives and values. The innocent souls demanded thousands of lives, millions of people being homeless and economically disadvantaged. Unfortunately, it is clear that terrorism has turned our world into a place that promotes its existence and spread.

The Impact of Terrorism on Global Peace

Terrorism is undoubtedly a threat to global peace. As it develops well in a world like ours – where human rights violations, intensification of violence and conflicts, ethnic, national and religious discrimination, socio-economic marginalization and extreme ideology, dehumanization of victims are clearly in practice human lives and values, the war against freedom and peace, the aggravation of violence and conflicts, and the challenges of tackling injustice, insecurity and the problem of a declining economy.

Recommendations

The merger with the Counter-Terrorism Recommendations on a Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy presents the following recommendations in this document:

1. All stakeholders – leaders and followers, individuals and institutions, people from using or promoting terrorism.

2. All interested parties shall, in all manner and at all levels, prohibit the terrorists from carrying out the following attacks:

– denies the financial support of terrorists.

– the ban on terrorists for deadly weapons, including weapons of mass destruction.

– deny terrorists access to travel.

– Refusing terrorists to attain their goals and their desired effect.

(3) All actors must withstand the capacity of states to support terrorist groups with all capacities.

(4) All stakeholders need to develop state capacity to prevent terrorism:

– promoting the rule of law and effective criminal justice systems.

– promoting quality education and promoting religious and cultural tolerance.

– Countering terrorist financing.

– ensuring road safety.

– preventing terrorists from obtaining nuclear, biological, chemical or radiological

materials and assures the preparedness of attacks with such materials

– the protection of soft targets and the response to the attack.

– Promoting United Nations systemic coherence in the fight against terrorism.

(5) All stakeholders should jointly protect human rights in the context of terrorism

and the fight against terrorism

Although its recommendations come from its recommendations on the United Nations Global Strategy, they are a holistic and realistic approach to combating terrorism or countering terrorism. However, if these recommendations give them the opportunity to function or are properly and continuously implemented and implemented, they are effective strategies for combating terrorism while providing for a world of violence and conflict, human rights, ethnic, national and religious discrimination , political exclusion and socio-economic marginalization

Conclusion

Since you agree with me that terrorism affects us all, to combat or offset terrorism and to create a safe and peaceful world. However, it is worth noting that world leaders, followers and stakeholders play a vital role in combating terrorism and at achieving global peace and security goals.

For leaders and stakeholders in the world, these roles go beyond the world summit, conferences, seminars, etc. and the adoption of a global strategy to combat terrorism. They need to have more resources at all levels, the case must be more honest and more objective in their judgments, in a more pragmatic approach, and in justice, conflict resolution, human rights protection, equality, stability, unity, prosperity, tolerance, peace and security. It must, in any event, promote and sustain ultimately because it respects human lives and values.

For followers and individuals in addition to the conference, terrorism is irreversible and unacceptable. We need unique education or group discussions that illuminate ourselves on the devastating and destructive effects of terrorism on our lives and our values, and emphasize that terrorism is not an effective tool for political, religious or other reasons. We must recognize that peace is the most valuable human need

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