Three Basic Models of Homeland Foundations
There are currently three basic types of home construction.
The floor foundation is a foundation that is built directly on the ground, there is no basement or crawl space. Ceiling bases are common in areas where soil conditions are not suitable in the basement and are the most common basics in warmer areas such as Florida, Arizona, California and Texas or anywhere where the depth between the soil and the stable rock is very shallow. Disks are the fastest and cheapest base, as they require less labor, skills and material costs. They consist of concrete sheets typically of 6-8 inches thick. Inserted into the plate is a grid containing ribbed metal bars known as "ribbed". Even in places where cellars are widespread, floor slabs are typically used in buildings, eg. It serves as a base for garages, columns and nests. The tiles are the least costly of the three most important basic types, but do not provide storage or useful space, as the housing actually lies directly on a large solid concrete platform. The disadvantage of the enclosures is that it is difficult and costly to repair them when they settle down and crack, and the water pipes upstream of the surface of the soil can be costly to repair. In areas where underlying soil is prone to thick or excessive expansion and contraction, there are embedded cables that may be stricter to provide better horizontal support and minimize cracks.
Crawl Space (Pier and Beam) Foundations
] The pier and beam base is made of vertical wood or concrete poles (piers) supporting the beams or floors above the ground. The areas between the floor and the floor are known as sliding spaces. These are based on ground floor or shallow recesses that change deeply, but generally about 36-40 cm deep. The best mapping sites are based on the load-bearing concreting wall and the concrete or steel piers, each of which has a foot under the frozen line of the ground and a good barrier on the ground so that moisture can not be controlled. The less expensive versions do not have load-bearing walls, piers, shallow floors and moisture barriers on the ground. Each side of the enclosed walls or skirting slots must have vent holes to allow air to flow and help keep the ground under the house. These ventilators must be designed to prevent the entry of rodents and snakes. The basics of the crawl area are most often applied in areas where the soil has heavy clay content that can severely damage (cracks) the foundation of a disc, or at waterfront or floodplain construction sites where the required floor height should prevent access to the living space larger than a box. The primary advantage of crawl space bases is that the plumbing wires are easily accessible for repairs, and the foundation installation problems are lighter and cheaper than the bottom plates. The primary disadvantage is when these bases are not properly maintained or constructed without proper ventilation, which can damage water or pests. Floor-bottomed floor planes can be very energy-efficient in very cold climates.
Basement is a basic type that is located between the ground and the bottom of the home on the first floor. This foundation is located below the ground, below ground level. Basically a slab foundation with walls and floors. Cellar rocks are most commonly used in cold climates such as the northeastern, midwest and rocky mountains, and in places where the cost of excavation is not limited. The cellars are approx. With 8-foot holes, however, some homeowners choose a 9 or 10 foot deep footbed to increase the height and amount of space used. The floor and the walls are built, then the house itself is built up. The advantages of the well base are to provide a useful space for utilities, mechanical systems and storage that are not available in the two previous types. The primary disadvantage of cellars is that, since they are mostly below ground level, they are vulnerable to leakage, mold and flooding. In wet climates, always have a running drain and a pump on the floor to prevent the flood.