Three main types of foundations

The foundation is the first part of the built home. It creates a foundation for the rest of the home. If the foundation is not good, the rest of the house will have problems. As there are options to choose the type of foundation, builders and homeowners make an important decision. Decisions on the Foundation should be made taking into account the costs, market needs, soil composition and weather conditions of the site.

There are three main types of foundations: the full height basement, the crawl area, and the cladding stage. All these foundations are more than just a job to support the house.

High-rise basement

Full-height basement bases allow free space between ground and floor of the first floor of the home. This place can be completed to provide more space for the family or to remain unfinished and used primarily for storage. This kind of foundation provides more people for individuals than crawlspace allows.

This foundation is typically an area where there is a colder climate where the foundation must be frost-free. The foundation must be below the freezing level to prevent it from crushing.


The base of the crawlspace creates a free space that has a limited height at the bottom of the ground and the first floor. This type of priming is primarily applicable to areas where heavy clay content is present in the soil.

The base of the crawlspace does not provide a new space for the family, but it allows abundant storage.


Base tiles are the least complicated from the basics. This is just a structural concrete plate poured directly onto the dirt. There is no space between the foundation and the dirt because the foundation is dirt.

This kind of foundation is popular in areas with high water levels. The water table is the depth that a man has to dig before he or she gets to the water.

All these bases are usually made of concrete. However, there are also concrete opportunities. The two main factors are Concrete Backing Units (CMU) and Insulated Concrete Forms (ICF).

Concrete masonry units (CMU) are hollow concrete blocks, similar to flooring. Hollow sections filled from concrete from top to bottom holding blocks and walls together

Insulated concrete forms (ICF) are rigid foam insulating molds into which cast concrete. Insulation forms can be made from molds, fittings and any required support wall or base.

After the concrete is tied into the form, the outer, inner or both forms are removed. This kind of construction is common in areas where building regulations require insulated bases. The greatest advantage of this type of foundation is that the homeowner or builder can immediately finish the basement without having to add faucets.



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