Types of concrete slabs
Concrete is strong, relatively flexible, easy to pour in wet conditions and is cost-effective raw material for the construction industry. To make a concrete slab, all you have to do is create a wooden skeleton just like the shape that the concrete needs. Then open a hole for the foundation and place the frame in the hole. Pour the concrete when it is still damp in the frame. The end result is a concrete slab. The plates can be reinforced with steel plate to be more robust and with greater strength or weight.
But despite the fact that the concrete is very strong, there are weaknesses. In wet conditions, for example, in the case of longer weather, water may penetrate the concrete, which may break. This means that all signs of damage to the concrete must be checked on a regular basis so that the repair can be carried out immediately and the cracks can be arrested before they are too large and pose a threat to stability. When concrete foundation is required, there are many different types. But why is it important to get to know the different types? First, you can save time and money in the short and long term. Benefits and disadvantages to each and every one depends on how and where they are used.
The first type of concrete brick is the T-shaped concrete brick. This is one of the most commonly used foundation types and is ideal if the goal is to support areas where the ground freezes. Normally, frozen soil exerts pressure on the foundation; but the T-shaped foundation's unique design allows it to withstand any damage to frozen soil. Usually a flat soil is placed under the expected frost, and then the walls are built. The walls are not as wide as the plinths, thus providing additional support for the base of the building. The inverse T shape of the final structure, in cross section, which the building receives. The T-shaped foundation not only knows the resistance to freezing but also its overall stability.
The second concrete base is based on the base plate. While this kind of concrete foundation is widely used, it is often used in places where the soil is not freezing and therefore no T-shaped concrete slab is required. For sheet-based primer, the plate is made of one-layer concrete. The plate should be thicker on the edges to provide a more solid foundation. Then it uses reinforcing rods to make extra strength for the thicker edge. In order to improve drainage, the slab must be on the crumbled gravel bed. You can also embed a wire mesh into the concrete, as this will reduce the chances of cracks. Despite the fact that the floor plate is excellent for places where the soil is not freezing, it can be reinforced by insulation to prevent the frost from being affected.
The third concrete foundation is the Frost Protected Shallow Foundation. As its name suggests, it faces the intent to counteract the effects of frost. This kind of foundation has insulation on the outer side of the foundation and uses heat loss from the building as well as the natural thermal energy of the earth. The Frost Protected Shallow Foundation (FPSF) can be anywhere anywhere between 12 and 16 cm. This means that you can greatly reduce the costs of excavation, thus providing a good preventive and economical alternative to freezing damage. While it is predominantly used in Scandinavian countries (more than 1 million homes in Sweden, Finland and Norway with the FPSF), there are about 5000 buildings in the United States that have successfully applied FPSF