Use of origin and first published name Inkeri

The Indigenous People of the Geographic Inkeri and the Inkeri Nation

The Inkeri Land is a geographical area at the eastern end of the Gulf of Finland and Ladya Lake (Karelia Isthmus) along the Neva River, Narva River and Peipus Lake . The area that the Baltic Finns' Inkeri ethnic group has historically lived in around 2000 and until 1920. Inkeri's name in Finnish. Izora Russian. Ingria in Latin and Ingermanland in German. There are many theories where / where the name comes from and probably in many applications: a derivative of the Baltic Finn strain (Izora), probably from an Inkeren (Izora) river that flows from Ladoga Lake to Neva and the Finnish bay.

The other explanation is that the daughter of the King of Sweden, who was linked to the prince of Ingregardin Kiev, was returning to the King of Sweden with the area around Straja and Ladogan. Probably if this were true, Manor would have a change of name and official documentation. The earlier theory, named after the river Izora, is more convincing. (Saressalo 2000)

In the historical record, the name of the Inkeri earths begins in 859 when ethnic groups in the Baltic Sea Finns, especially in the Finnish Gulf and on the eastern side of Ladoga Lake, are ethnological names. The public note of Chuds (Tsuudit) appears in Russian chronicles, and the votes (Vatjalaiset) first entered history pages in 1069. Izora (Izortsy) in 1228 in Russian chronicles. The Ingria-rural community was once 55,000 square kilometers, which is today's area of ​​Ladoga Lake. The Ingria land was a land bridge along the Gulf and the Gulf of Finland, a 200 km long stretch of land, stretching across the Isthmus to the river.

The Baltic Finns obviously possessed and maintained their Finnish language, speaking their own Finnish language. In the first 1000s, the first Finnish-speaking groups began to distribute to the Finnish groups and to separate themselves both in the spoken language and in the political sense.

The area was inhabited in the first century by the Polls and later that was colonized by the Carols, which was named in the Russian chronicles and the Karelian exorcisms. The votes and the Ingrians have been under the influence of the 1300s in Novgorod and Moscow since 1478. They were also connected to the Greek Catholic Church. The services of the Orthodox Church took place in the old Orthodox Slavic Church, the religion and the Slavic language influenced part of the people of Finland with the passing of time to have more Russian church traditions and customs. Today's votes are almost extinct nations, the Ingriaian Ingriaians are only in the 100s.

By the end of the 1920s, the Finnish break community was intact and strong in Ingria. In 1926, according to the Leningrad census, 115,000 Finns in Finland and 15,500 Finnish Finns (Finns-Finns) reported. The Ingrian Finns lived mainly in the villages, which in the 1920s had a total of about 900 inhabitants, only about 7000 Ingrian in the towns. For Ingrians, the Finnish language was their mother tongue. Most of the Ingrian people did not speak Russian at all. Women and children were in the Ingrian villages, in Finnish ethnic communities until the 1930s. For nearly 300 years, the nearby Ingria villages have managed to preserve their mother tongue, their national customs and their own identity. With the growing Russian population that has come to trade and trade. The Russian government also pressured the minority groups to integrate and rally. In the beginning of the 1900s, the map of Inkeri land in all settlements was mapped to the following source and author


In the beginning of the 1900s, The struggles affecting the Inkeri people have at least five major phases, and their identity and community as a minority group has been dismembered. Three years later, the growing migration of foreigners and the growth of their coexistence and the native language of their own language:

The language dealt with new generations and education of the culture / traditions of the Inkeri people, in spite of influence, integration and the following enumeration of hostilities [19659012]. Initially, an indigenous pioneer group settled on the banks of the Gulf of Finland and developed and developed as a peaceful, rural community

B. This was followed by the changes that occurred when the army was integrated into tribes that came along the ocean coast from the west along the sea route

C. Thirdly, people from Eastern Slavic groups came centuries later and migrated from the northern and eastern provinces of Ingria

. Regional politics and wars between East and West. 800-1900AD. [19659002] E. WW1 and WW2 had a significant impact on the Inkeri community and culture. The totalitarian regime of the Soviet Union aimed at preparing the Soviet soil for greater communism and overthrowing opposition to teaching.

In the region above the Ingria land, the war started around 1200, west of Sweden, Denmark and Germany. In the east there were Novgorod and the Russian alliance who wanted to establish a commercial and political presence in the region and North Karelia and West Finland. Between the Byzantine and the Catholic Church fought spirits.

War and struggle continued almost infinitely until 1600. Denmark was lost by the German knights, who had to go further to Sweden. In the West, it is also an active area with Poland and Latvia. Two centuries earlier in the east, the Moscow Russians settled in Novgorod in 1400. In the 15th century Russia came to the Inker region

New real estate was built in the Ingria region.

The River Nava was a natural border between the Byzantine and the Roman Church. In the Ingria region, churches were built. In the 1500s, the Church's activity was 50 points with 70,000 inhabitants. The Ingria stock and the votes, then the Russians were initially Orthodox. It should be noted that the Eastern Church is much more tolerant than in the West. There was war and fight for the souls of people between the Byzantine and Catholic churches.

War and conflict continued despite the construction of temples. There was still no peace in Ingria. Swedish foreign trade policy jeopardized Russian interests in the Baltic region. Ingria's land often went to the combat troops. During these regional wars, intimidation and partisan movements were also fought against the Russian occupation policy of Russia and the Karelian region. In these events, it was the first record of the first evacuation to escape warlords. To Karelia and then further north to Finland.

Saressalo, L. (2000). Inker, report of Inkerin Kanso and Cultureist Tampere: Tampere Museum. (2006). Who are the ingras, where is Ingria? available on November 11, 2011: J.Niemenmaa

. (N.d.). Wiki / File: Inkeri-2.png . Viewed: November 11, 2011,



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